Widgets

SDv

Manifest Declaration -

Declare the AppWidgetProvider class in your application's AndroidManifest.xml file. For example:

<receiver android:name="ExampleAppWidgetProvider" >
<intent-filter>
    <action android:name="android.appwidget.action.APPWIDGET_UPDATE" />
</intent-filter>
<meta-data android:name="android.appwidget.provider"
           android:resource="@xml/example_appwidget_info" />
</receiver>

Metadata

Add the AppWidgetProviderInfo metadata in res/xml:

<appwidget-provider xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:minWidth="40dp"
    android:minHeight="40dp"
    android:updatePeriodMillis="86400000"
    android:previewImage="@drawable/preview"
    android:initialLayout="@layout/example_appwidget"
    android:configure="com.example.android.ExampleAppWidgetConfigure"
    android:resizeMode="horizontal|vertical"
    android:widgetCategory="home_screen">
</appwidget-provider>

AppWidgetProvider Class

The most important AppWidgetProvider callback is onUpdate(). It is called everytime an appwidget is added.

public class ExampleAppWidgetProvider extends AppWidgetProvider {

    public void onUpdate(Context context, AppWidgetManager appWidgetManager, int[] appWidgetIds) {
        final int N = appWidgetIds.length;

        // Perform this loop procedure for each App Widget that belongs to this provider
        for (int i=0; i<N; i++) {
            int appWidgetId = appWidgetIds[i];

            // Create an Intent to launch ExampleActivity
            Intent intent = new Intent(context, ExampleActivity.class);
            PendingIntent pendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(context, 0, intent, 0);

            // Get the layout for the App Widget and attach an on-click listener
            // to the button
            RemoteViews views = new RemoteViews(context.getPackageName(), R.layout.appwidget_provider_layout);
            views.setOnClickPendingIntent(R.id.button, pendingIntent);

            // Tell the AppWidgetManager to perform an update on the current app widget
            appWidgetManager.updateAppWidget(appWidgetId, views);
        }
    }
}

onAppWidgetOptionsChanged() is called when the widget is placed or resized.

onDeleted(Context, int[]) is called when the widget is deleted.

Two widgets with different layouts declaration

  1. Declare two receivers in a manifest file:
<receiver
    android:name=".UVMateWidget"
    android:label="UVMate Widget 1x1">
    <intent-filter>
        <action android:name="android.appwidget.action.APPWIDGET_UPDATE" />
    </intent-filter>

    <meta-data
        android:name="android.appwidget.provider"
        android:resource="@xml/widget_1x1" />
</receiver>
<receiver
    android:name=".UVMateWidget2x2"
    android:label="UVMate Widget 2x2">
    <intent-filter>
        <action android:name="android.appwidget.action.APPWIDGET_UPDATE" />
    </intent-filter>

    <meta-data
        android:name="android.appwidget.provider"
        android:resource="@xml/widget_2x2" />
</receiver>
  1. Create two layouts
    • @xml/widget_1x1
    • @xml/widget_2x2
  2. Declare the subclass UVMateWidget2x2 from the UVMateWidget class with extended behavior:
package au.com.aershov.uvmate;

import android.content.Context;
import android.widget.RemoteViews;

public class UVMateWidget2x2 extends UVMateWidget {

    public RemoteViews getRemoteViews(Context context, int minWidth,
                                      int minHeight) {

        mUVMateHelper.saveWidgetSize(mContext.getString(R.string.app_ws_2x2));
        return new RemoteViews(context.getPackageName(), R.layout.widget_2x2);
    }
}

Create/Integrate Basic Widget using Android Studio

Latest Android Studio will create & integrate a Basic Widget to your Application in 2 steps.

Right on your Application ==> New ==> Widget ==> App Widget

.

It will show a Screen like below & fill the fields

Its Done.

It will create & integrate a basic HelloWorld Widget(Including Layout File , Meta Data File , Declaration in Manifest File etc.) to your Application.