SearchView

Appcompat SearchView with RxBindings watcher

build.gradle:

dependencies {
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.3.0'
    compile 'com.jakewharton.rxbinding:rxbinding-appcompat-v7:0.4.0'
}

menu/menu.xml:

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto">

    <item android:id="@+id/action_search" android:title="Search"
        android:icon="@android:drawable/ic_menu_search"
        app:actionViewClass="android.support.v7.widget.SearchView" 
        app:showAsAction="always"/>
</menu>

MainActivity.java:

@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.menu, menu);

    MenuItem searchMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.action_search);
    setupSearchView(searchMenuItem );

    return true;
}

private void setupSearchView(MenuItem searchMenuItem) {
    SearchView searchView = (SearchView) searchMenuItem.getActionView();
    searchView.setQueryHint(getString(R.string.search_hint)); // your hint here

    SearchAdapter searchAdapter = new SearchAdapter(this);
    searchView.setSuggestionsAdapter(searchAdapter);

    // optional: set the letters count after which the search will begin to 1
    // the default is 2
    try {
        int autoCompleteTextViewID = getResources().getIdentifier("android:id/search_src_text", null, null);
        AutoCompleteTextView searchAutoCompleteTextView = (AutoCompleteTextView) searchView.findViewById(autoCompleteTextViewID);
        searchAutoCompleteTextView.setThreshold(1);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        Logs.e(TAG, "failed to set search view letters threshold");
    }

    searchView.setOnSearchClickListener(v -> {
        // optional actions to search view expand
    });
    searchView.setOnCloseListener(() -> {
        // optional actions to search view close
        return false;
    });

    RxSearchView.queryTextChanges(searchView)
            .doOnEach(notification -> {
                CharSequence query = (CharSequence) notification.getValue();
                searchAdapter.filter(query);
            })
            .debounce(300, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS) // to skip intermediate letters
            .flatMap(query -> MyWebService.search(query)) // make a search request
            .retry(3)
            .subscribe(results -> {
                searchAdapter.populateAdapter(results);
            });

    //optional: collapse the searchView on close
    searchView.setOnQueryTextFocusChangeListener((view, queryTextFocused) -> {
        if (!queryTextFocused) {
            collapseSearchView();
        }
    });
}

SearchAdapter.java

public class SearchAdapter extends CursorAdapter {
    private List<SearchResult> items = Collections.emptyList();

    public SearchAdapter(Activity activity) {
        super(activity, null, CursorAdapter.FLAG_REGISTER_CONTENT_OBSERVER);
    }

    public void populateAdapter(List<SearchResult> items) {
        this.items = items;
        final MatrixCursor c = new MatrixCursor(new String[]{BaseColumns._ID});
        for (int i = 0; i < items.size(); i++) {
            c.addRow(new Object[]{i});
        }
        changeCursor(c);
        notifyDataSetChanged();
    }

    public void filter(CharSequence query) {
        final MatrixCursor c = new MatrixCursor(new String[]{BaseColumns._ID});
        for (int i = 0; i < items.size(); i++) {
            SearchResult result = items.get(i);
            if (result.getText().startsWith(query.toString())) {
                c.addRow(new Object[]{i});
            }
        }
        changeCursor(c);
        notifyDataSetChanged();
    }

    @Override
    public void bindView(View view, Context context, Cursor cursor) {
        ViewHolder holder = (ViewHolder) view.getTag();
        int position = cursor.getPosition();
        if (position < items.size()) {
            SearchResult result = items.get(position);
            // bind your view here
        }
    }

    @Override
    public View newView(Context context, Cursor cursor, ViewGroup parent) {
        LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater) context
                .getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);

        View v = inflater.inflate(R.layout.search_list_item, parent, false);
        ViewHolder holder = new ViewHolder(v);

        v.setTag(holder);
        return v;
    }

    private static class ViewHolder {
        public final TextView text;

        public ViewHolder(View v) {
            this.text= (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.text);
        }
    }
}

SearchView in Toolbar with Fragment

menu.xml - (res -> menu)

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    tools:context=".HomeActivity">

    <item
        android:id="@+id/action_search"
        android:icon="@android:drawable/ic_menu_search"
        android:title="Search"
        app:actionViewClass="android.support.v7.widget.SearchView"
        app:showAsAction="always" />

</menu>

MainFragment.java

public class MainFragment extends Fragment {

    private SearchView searchView = null;
    private SearchView.OnQueryTextListener queryTextListener;

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_main, container, false);
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setHasOptionsMenu(true);
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
        inflater.inflate(R.menu.menu, menu);
        MenuItem searchItem = menu.findItem(R.id.action_search);
        SearchManager searchManager = (SearchManager) getActivity().getSystemService(Context.SEARCH_SERVICE);

        if (searchItem != null) {
            searchView = (SearchView) searchItem.getActionView();
        }
        if (searchView != null) {
            searchView.setSearchableInfo(searchManager.getSearchableInfo(getActivity().getComponentName()));

            queryTextListener = new SearchView.OnQueryTextListener() {
                @Override
                public boolean onQueryTextChange(String newText) {
                    Log.i("onQueryTextChange", newText);

                    return true;
                }
                @Override
                public boolean onQueryTextSubmit(String query) {
                    Log.i("onQueryTextSubmit", query);

                    return true;
                }
            };
            searchView.setOnQueryTextListener(queryTextListener);
        }
        super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu, inflater);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        switch (item.getItemId()) {
            case R.id.action_search:
                // Not implemented here
                return false;
            default:
                break;
        }
        searchView.setOnQueryTextListener(queryTextListener);
        return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
    }
}

Reference screenshot:

Setting Theme for SearchView

Basically to apply a theme for SearchView extracted as app:actionViewClass from the menu.xml, we need understand that it depends completely on the style applied to the underlying Toolbar. To achieve themeing the Toolbar apply the following steps.

Create a style in the styles.xml

<style name="ActionBarThemeOverlay">
     <item name="android:textColorPrimary">@color/prim_color</item>
     <item name="colorControlNormal">@color/normal_color</item>
     <item name="colorControlHighlight">@color/high_color</item>
     <item name="android:textColorHint">@color/hint_color</item>
</style>

Apply the style to the Toolbar.

<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
        android:id="@+id/toolbar"
        app:theme="@style/ActionBarThemeOverlay"
        app:popupTheme="@style/ActionBarThemeOverlay"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        android:title="@string/title"
        tools:targetApi="m" />

This gives the desired color to the all the views corresponding to the Toolbar (back button, Menu icons and SearchView).