Root element is missing

I am reading xml from xxx URl but i am getting error as Root element is missing.

My code to read xml response is as follows:

  XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
  doc.Load("URL from which i am reading xml");
  XmlNodeList nodes = doc.GetElementsByTagName("Product");
  XmlNode node = null;
  foreach (XmlNode n in nodes)
   {
   }

and the xml response is as follows:

<All_Products>
   <Product>
  <ProductCode>GFT</ProductCode>
  <ProductName>Gift Certificate</ProductName>
  <ProductDescriptionShort>Give the perfect gift. </ProductDescriptionShort>
  <ProductDescription>Give the perfect gift.</ProductDescription>
  <ProductNameShort>Gift Certificate</ProductNameShort> 
  <FreeShippingItem>Y</FreeShippingItem>
  <ProductPrice>55.0000</ProductPrice>
  <TaxableProduct>Y</TaxableProduct>
   </Product>    
 </All_Products>

Can you please tell where i am going wrong.

Answers


Hi this is odd way but try it once

  1. Read the file content into a string
  2. print the string and check whether you are getting proper XML or not
  3. you can use XMLDocument.LoadXML(xmlstring)

I try with your code and same XML without adding any XML declaration it works for me

XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
        doc.Load(@"H:\WorkSpace\C#\TestDemos\TestDemos\XMLFile1.xml");
        XmlNodeList nodes = doc.GetElementsByTagName("Product");
        XmlNode node = null;
        foreach (XmlNode n in nodes)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("HI");
        }
Its working perfectly fine

Just in case anybody else lands here from Google, I was bitten by this error message when using XDocument.Load(Stream) method.

XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlStream);  

Make sure the stream position is set to 0 (zero) before you try and load the Stream, its an easy mistake I always overlook!

if (xmlStream.Position > 0)
{
    xmlStream.Position = 0;
}
XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlStream); 

Make sure you XML looks like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<rootElement>
...
</rootElement>

Also, a blank XML file will return the same Root elements is missing exception. Each XML file must have a root element / node which encloses all the other elements.


If you are loading the XML file from a remote location, I would check to see if the file is actually being downloaded correctly using a sniffer like Fiddler.

I wrote a quick console app to run your code and parse the file and it works fine for me.


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