Serialize and Deserialize Objective-C objects into JSON

I need to serialize and deserialize objective-c objects into JSON to store in CouchDB. Do people have any example code for best practice for a general solution? I looked at a few JSON framework and they are stopped at the NSDictionary/NSArray level. i.e. A lot of framework will serialize and deserialize NSDictionary/NSArray into JSON. But I still have to do the work to convert NSDictionary into Objective-C objects.

To make things more complex, my Object A can have reference to an NSArray/NSDictionary of Object Bs.

My question is very similar to this question with addition of the collection requirement.

Instantiating Custom Class from NSDictionary

Answers


It sounds like you're looking for a serialization library that can let you convert objects of your own custom classes into JSON, and then reconstitute them back. Serialization of property-list types (NSArray, NSNumber, etc.) already exists in 3rd party libraries, and is even built into OS X 10.7 and iOS 5.

So, I think the answer is basically "no". I asked this exact question a month or two ago on the cocoa-dev mailing list, and the closest I got to a hit was from Mike Abdullah, pointing to an experimental library he'd written:

https://github.com/mikeabdullah/KSPropertyListEncoder

This archives objects to in-memory property lists, but as I said there are already APIs for converting those into JSON.

There's also a commercial app called Objectify that claims to be able to do something similar:

http://tigerbears.com/objectify/

It's possible I'll end up implementing what you're asking for as part of my CouchCocoa library, but I haven't dived into that task yet.

https://github.com/couchbaselabs/CouchCocoa


Finally we can solve this problem easily using JSONModel. This is the best method so far. JSONModel is a library that generically serialize/deserialize your object based on Class. You can even use non-nsobject based for property like int, short and float. It can also cater nested-complex JSON.

Considering this JSON example:

{ "accounting" : [{ "firstName" : "John",  
                    "lastName"  : "Doe",
                    "age"       : 23 },

                  { "firstName" : "Mary",  
                    "lastName"  : "Smith",
                    "age"       : 32 }
                              ],                            
  "sales"      : [{ "firstName" : "Sally", 
                    "lastName"  : "Green",
                    "age"       : 27 },

                  { "firstName" : "Jim",   
                    "lastName"  : "Galley",
                    "age"       : 41 }
                  ]}

1) Deserialize example. in header file:

#import "JSONModel.h"

@interface Person : JSONModel 
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSString *firstName;
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSString *lastName;
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSNumber *age;
@end

@protocol Person;

@interface Department : JSONModel
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSMutableArray<Person> *accounting;
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSMutableArray<Person> *sales;
@end

in implementation file:

#import "JSONModelLib.h"
#import "myJSONClass.h"

NSString *responseJSON = /*from example*/;
Department *department = [[Department alloc] initWithString:responseJSON error:&err];
if (!err)
{
    for (Person *person in department.accounting) {

        NSLog(@"%@", person.firstName);
        NSLog(@"%@", person.lastName);
        NSLog(@"%@", person.age);         
    }

    for (Person *person in department.sales) {

        NSLog(@"%@", person.firstName);
        NSLog(@"%@", person.lastName);
        NSLog(@"%@", person.age);         
    }
}

2) Serialize Example. In implementation file:

#import "JSONModelLib.h"
#import "myJSONClass.h"

Department *department = [[Department alloc] init];

Person *personAcc1 = [[Person alloc] init];
personAcc1.firstName = @"Uee";
personAcc1.lastName = @"Bae";
personAcc1.age = [NSNumber numberWithInt:22];
[department.accounting addOject:personAcc1];

Person *personSales1 = [[Person alloc] init];
personSales1.firstName = @"Sara";
personSales1.lastName = @"Jung";
personSales1.age = [NSNumber numberWithInt:20];
[department.sales addOject:personSales1];

NSLog(@"%@", [department toJSONString]);

And this is NSLog result from Serialize example:

{ "accounting" : [{ "firstName" : "Uee",  
                    "lastName"  : "Bae",
                    "age"       : 22 }
                 ],                            
  "sales"      : [{ "firstName" : "Sara", 
                    "lastName"  : "Jung",
                    "age"       : 20 }
                  ]}

You can easily add JSON capability to NSObject class with the help of NSDictionary,NSArray and NSJSONSerialization

Serialization:

Just see the example it will be very easy to understand.

Adding JSON Capability to NSObject Class:-

@interface JsonClassEmp : NSObject

@property(strong,nonatomic)NSString *EmpName,*EmpCode;

-(NSDictionary*)GetJsonDict;

@end

@implementation JsonClassEmp

@synthesize EmpName,EmpCode;

//Add all the properties of the class in it.
-(NSDictionary*)GetJsonDict
{
    return [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:EmpName,@"EmpName",EmpCode,@"EmpCode", nil];
}

@end

JSON String Generator:-

In iOS 5, Apple introduced NSJSONSerialization, for parsing JSON strings so by using that we will generate JSON string.

-(NSString*)GetJSON:(id)object
{
    NSError *writeError = nil;

    NSData *jsonData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:object options:NSJSONWritingPrettyPrinted error:&writeError];

    NSString *jsonString = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:jsonData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

    return jsonString;
}

Moving towards Apple’s implementation is always safer to use since you have the guarantee that it will be maintained and kept up to date.

Way to use:-

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];

    JsonClassEmp *emp1=[[JsonClassEmp alloc]init];

    [emp1 setEmpName:@"Name1"];

    [emp1 setEmpCode:@"1"];

    JsonClassEmp *emp2=[[JsonClassEmp alloc]init];

    [emp2 setEmpName:@"Name2"];

    [emp2 setEmpCode:@"2"];

    //Add the NSDictionaries of the instances in NSArray
    NSArray *arrEmps_Json=@[emp1.GetJsonDict,emp2.GetJsonDict];

    NSLog(@"JSON Output: %@", [self GetJSON:arrEmps_Json]);

}

Reference

Deserialization:

It's usual way of getting the deserialized data into NSDictionary or NSArray then assign it to class properties.

I am sure using the methods and ideas used above you can serialize & deserialize complex json easily.


You may want to try JTObjectMapping. Their description:

JTObjectMapping - Inspired by RestKit. A very simple objective-c framework that maps a JSON response from NSDictionary or NSArray to NSObject subclasses for iOS.

It's very small (unlike RestKit) and works great.


This is possible using the RestKit library's object mapping system.

http://restkit.org/


I have a simple model class, which I wanted to turn into a JSON-Object.

For this purpose I added a „jsonData“-method to my model class: The method turns the model properties into foundation objects (int numbers into NSNumber objects etc.) Then a dictionary is populated with these objects and the corresponding keys (also the later JSON keys). After an (optional) check for validity, the JSON data object ist created with the NSJSONSerialization class „dataWithJSONObject“ method and returned.

- (NSData *)jsonData {

NSDictionary *root = @{@"Sport" : @(_sportID),          // I´m using literals here for brevity’s sake
                       @"Skill" : @(_skillLevel),
                       @"Visibility" : @(_visibility),
                       @"NotificationRange" : @(_notificationRange)};

if ([NSJSONSerialization isValidJSONObject:root]) {
    NSData *jsonData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:root
                                    options:0
                                      error:nil];
    return jsonData;
}
return nil;

}


Did you mean this? ;)

http://developer.apple.com/library/mac/#documentation/Foundation/Reference/NSJSONSerialization_Class/Reference/Reference.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40010946


Need Your Help

Generate a random float between 0 and 1

ios c random floating-point arc4random

I'm trying to generate a random number that's between 0 and 1. I keep reading about arc4random(), but there isn't any information about getting a float from it. How do I do this?

A map and set which uses contiguous memory and has a reserve function

c++ boost collections stl

I use several maps and sets. The lack of contiguous memory, and high number of (de)allocations, is a performance bottleneck. I need a mainly STL-compatbile map and set class which can use a contigu...