Invalid column name sql error

I am trying to enter data into my database, but it is giving me the following error:

Invalid column name

Here's my code

string connectionString = "Persist Security Info=False;User ID=sa;Password=123;Initial Catalog=AddressBook;Server=Bilal-PC";

using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
  SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

  cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO Data (Name,PhoneNo,Address) VALUES (" + txtName.Text + "," + txtPhone.Text + "," + txtAddress.Text + ");";
  cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
  cmd.Connection = connection;

  connection.Open();
  cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
}

Answers


Always try to use parametrized sql query to keep safe from malicious occurrence, so you could rearrange you code as below:

Also make sure that your table has column name matches to Name, PhoneNo ,Address.

using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("INSERT INTO Data (Name, PhoneNo, Address) VALUES (@Name, @PhoneNo, @Address)");
    cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
    cmd.Connection = connection;
    cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@Name", txtName.Text);
    cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@PhoneNo", txtPhone.Text);
    cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@Address", txtAddress.Text);
    connection.Open();
    cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
}

You probably need quotes around those string fields, but, you should be using parameterized queries!

cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO Data ([Name],PhoneNo,Address) VALUES (@name, @phone, @address)";
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@name", txtName.Text);
cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@phone", txtPhone.Text);
cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@address", txtAddress.Text);
cmd.Connection = connection;

Incidentally, your original query could have been fixed like this (note the single quotes):

"VALUES ('" + txtName.Text + "','" + txtPhone.Text + "','" + txtAddress.Text + "');";

but this would have made it vulnerable to SQL Injection attacks since a user could type in

'; drop table users; -- 

into one of your textboxes. Or, more mundanely, poor Daniel O'Reilly would break your query every time.


Change this line:

cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO Data (Name,PhoneNo,Address) VALUES (" + txtName.Text + "," + txtPhone.Text + "," + txtAddress.Text + ");";

to this:

cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO Data (Name,PhoneNo,Address) VALUES ('" + txtName.Text + "','" + txtPhone.Text + "','" + txtAddress.Text + "');";

Your insert command is expecting text, and you need single quotes (') between the actual value so SQL can understand it as text.

EDIT: For those of you who aren't happy with this answer, I would like to point out that there is an issue with this code in regards to SQL Injection. When I answered this question I only considered the question in point which was the missing single-quote on his code and I pointed out how to fix it. A much better answer has been posted by Adam (and I voted for it), where he explains the issues with injection and shows a way to prevent. Now relax and be happy guys.


You problem is that your string are unquoted. Which mean that they are interpreted by your database engine as a column name.

You need to create parameters in order to pass your value to the query.

 cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO Data (Name, PhoneNo, Address) VALUES (@Name, @PhoneNo, @Address);";
 cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@Name", txtName.Text);
 cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@PhoneNo", txtPhone.Text);
 cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@Address", txtAddress.Text);

You should never write code that concatenates SQL and parameters as string - this opens up your code to SQL injection which is a really serious security problem.

Use bind params - for a nice howto see here...


Code To insert Data in Access Db using c#

Code:-

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace access_db_csharp
{
public partial class Form1 : Form
{
    public Form1()
    {
        InitializeComponent();
    }
   public SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection(@"Place Your connection string");

           private void Savebutton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
         SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("insert into  Data (Name,PhoneNo,Address) values(@parameter1,@parameter2,@parameter3)",con);
                cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@parameter1", (textBox1.Text));
                cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@parameter2", textBox2.Text);
                cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@parameter3", (textBox4.Text));
                cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

                }

    private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        con.ConnectionString = connectionstring;
        con.Open();
    }
}

}


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data;

namespace WpfApplication1
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Interaction logic for MainWindow.xaml
    /// </summary>
    public partial class MainWindow : Window
    {
        public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void btnAdd_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(@"Data Source=WKS09\SQLEXPRESS;Initial Catalog = StudentManagementSystem;Integrated Security=True");
            SqlCommand insert = new SqlCommand("insert into dbo.StudentRegistration(ID, Name,Age,DateOfBirth,Email,Comment) values(@ID, @Name,@Age,@DateOfBirth,@mail,@comment)", conn);
            insert.Parameters.AddWithValue("@ID", textBox1.Text);
            insert.Parameters.AddWithValue("@Name", textBox2.Text);
            insert.Parameters.AddWithValue("@Age", textBox3.Text);
            insert.Parameters.AddWithValue("@DateOfBirth", textBox4.Text);
            insert.Parameters.AddWithValue("@mail", textBox5.Text);
            insert.Parameters.AddWithValue("@comment", textBox6.Text);

            if (textBox1.Text == string.Empty)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("ID Cannot be Null");
                return;
            }
            else if (textBox2.Text == string.Empty)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Name Cannot be Null");
                return;
            }


            try
            {
                conn.Open();
                insert.ExecuteNonQuery();
                MessageBox.Show("Register done !");
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Error" + ex.Message);
                conn.Close();
            }
        }

        private void btnRetrive_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            bool temp = false;
            SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection("server=WKS09\\SQLEXPRESS;database=StudentManagementSystem;Trusted_Connection=True");
            con.Open();
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("select * from dbo.StudentRegistration where ID = '" + textBox1.Text.Trim() + "'", con);
            SqlDataReader dr = cmd.ExecuteReader();
            while (dr.Read())
            {
                textBox2.Text = dr.GetString(1);
                textBox3.Text = dr.GetInt32(2).ToString(); 
                textBox4.Text = dr.GetDateTime(3).ToString();
                textBox5.Text = dr.GetString(4);
                textBox6.Text = dr.GetString(5);
                temp = true;
            }
            if (temp == false)
                MessageBox.Show("not found");
            con.Close();
        }

        private void btnClear_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection("Data Source=WKS09\\SQLEXPRESS;Initial Catalog = StudentManagementSystem;Integrated Security=True");
            string sqlStatement = "DELETE FROM dbo.StudentRegistration WHERE ID = @ID";
            try
            {
                connection.Open();
                SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sqlStatement, connection);
                cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@ID", textBox1.Text);
                cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
                cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                MessageBox.Show("Done");
            }
            finally
            {
                Clear();
                connection.Close();
            }
        }

        public void Clear()
        {
            textBox1.Text = "";
            textBox2.Text = "";
            textBox3.Text = "";
            textBox4.Text = "";
        }
    }
}

You have to use '"+texbox1.Text+"','"+texbox2.Text+"','"+texbox3.Text+"'

Instead of "+texbox1.Text+","+texbox2.Text+","+texbox3.Text+"

Notice the extra single quotes.


first create database name "School" than create table "students" with following columns 1. id 2. name 3. address

now open visual studio and create connection:

namespace school
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        SqlConnection scon;


        public Form1()
        {

            InitializeComponent();

            scon = new SqlConnection("Data Source = ABC-PC; trusted_connection = yes; Database = school; connection timeout = 30");
        }

//create command

SqlCommand scom = new SqlCommand("insert into students (id,name,address) values(@id,@name,@address)", scon);

//pass parameters

scom.Parameters.Add("id", SqlDbType.Int);
scom.Parameters["id"].Value = textBox1.Text;

           scom.Parameters.Add("name", SqlDbType.VarChar);
            scom.Parameters["name"].Value = this.textBox2.Text;

            scom.Parameters.Add("address", SqlDbType.VarChar);
            scom.Parameters["address"].Value = this.textBox6.Text;


            scon.Open();
            scom.ExecuteNonQuery();
            scon.Close();
            reset();

        }

also check solution here: http://solutions.musanitech.com/?p=6


Your issue seems to be the Name keyword. Rather use FullName or firstName and lastName, always try and remember to use CamelCase too.


con = new SqlConnection(@"Data Source=.\SQLEXPRESS;AttachDbFilename=C:\Users\Yna Maningding-Dula\Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\LuxuryHotel\LuxuryHotel\ClientsRecords.mdf;Integrated Security=True;User Instance=True");
        con.Open();
        cmd = new SqlCommand("INSERT INTO ClientData ([Last Name], [First Name], [Middle Name], Address, [Email Address], [Contact Number], Nationality, [Arrival Date], [Check-out Date], [Room Type], [Daily Rate], [No of Guests], [No of Rooms]) VALUES (@[Last Name], @[First Name], @[Middle Name], @Address, @[Email Address], @[Contact Number], @Nationality, @[Arrival Date], @[Check-out Date], @[Room Type], @[Daily Rate], @[No of Guests], @[No of Rooms]", con);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[Last Name]", txtLName.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[First Name]", txtFName.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[Middle Name]", txtMName.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@Address", txtAdd.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[Email Address]", txtEmail.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[Contact Number]", txtNumber.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@Nationality", txtNational.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[Arrival Date]", txtArrive.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[Check-out Date]", txtOut.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[Room Type]", txtType.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[Daily Rate]", txtRate.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[No of Guests]", txtGuest.Text);
        cmd.Parameters.Add("@[No of Rooms]", txtRoom.Text);
        cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

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