ViewHolder pattern correctly implemented in custom CursorAdapter?

Here is my custom CursorAdapter:

public class TasksAdapter extends CursorAdapter implements Filterable {

    private final Context context;

    public TasksAdapter(Context context, Cursor c) {
        super(context, c);
        this.context = context;
    }

    /**
     * @see android.widget.CursorAdapter#newView(android.content.Context, android.database.Cursor, android.view.ViewGroup)
     */
    @Override
    public View newView(Context context, Cursor cursor, ViewGroup parent) {
        LayoutInflater inflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);
        View v = inflater.inflate(android.R.layout.simple_list_item_checked, parent, false);        

        ViewHolder holder = new ViewHolder();
        holder.textview = (CheckedTextView)v.findViewById(android.R.id.text1);
        v.setTag(holder);

        return v;
    }

    /**  
     * @see android.widget.CursorAdapter#bindView(android.view.View, android.content.Context, android.database.Cursor)
     */
    @Override
    public void bindView(View view, Context context, Cursor cursor) {

        ViewHolder holder = (ViewHolder)view.getTag();
        int titleCol = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(Tasks.TITLE);
        int completedCol = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(Tasks.COMPLETED);

        String title = cursor.getString(titleCol);
        boolean completed = Util.intToBool(cursor.getInt(completedCol));

        holder.textview.setText(title);
        holder.textview.setChecked(completed);
    }

    /**
     * @see android.widget.CursorAdapter#runQueryOnBackgroundThread(java.lang.CharSequence)
     */
    @Override
    public Cursor runQueryOnBackgroundThread(CharSequence constraint) {

        StringBuffer buffer = null;
        String[] args = null;

        if (constraint != null) {
            buffer = new StringBuffer();
            buffer.append("UPPER (");
            buffer.append(Tasks.TITLE);
            buffer.append(") GLOB ?");
            args = new String[] { "*" + constraint.toString().toUpperCase() + "*" };
        }

        Cursor c = context.getContentResolver().query(Tasks.CONTENT_URI,
            null, (buffer == null ? null : buffer.toString()), args,
            Tasks.DEFAULT_SORT_ORDER);

        c.moveToFirst();
        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @see android.widget.CursorAdapter#convertToString(android.database.Cursor)
     */
    @Override
    public CharSequence convertToString(Cursor cursor) {
        final int titleCol = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(Tasks.TITLE);
        String title = cursor.getString(titleCol);
        return title;
    }

    static class ViewHolder {
        CheckedTextView textview;
    }

}

Does this fall into the constraints of the ViewHolder pattern? I wasn't sure because this was a CursorAdapter, where there was no getView. If there are any problems or suggestions, could you please point them out.

Answers


CursorAdapter won't call the newView each time it needs a new row; if it already has a View, it will call the bindView, so the created view is actually reused.

That said, as pointed out by Joseph in the comments, you can still use ViewHolder in order to avoid calling findViewById repeatedly.

If you are still concerned about efficiency then take a look at the SimpleCursorAdapter implementation, which uses a WeakHashMap (a map of WeakReferences):

WeakHashMap<View, View[]> mHolders = new WeakHashMap<View, View[]>();

If you are overriding newView() and bindView(), you don't need to do anything extra in getView(). CursorAdapter has an implementation of getView() that delegates to newView() and bindView() to enforce the row recycling.

findViewById() maybe called frequently during the scrolling of ListView, which can slow down performance. Even when the Adapter returns an inflated view for recycling, you still need to look up the elements and update them. To avoid this, ViewHolder pattern is useful.

Here's an example of ViewHolder pattern implemented for a weather app:

public class ForecastAdapter extends CursorAdapter {

    public ForecastAdapter(Context context, Cursor cursor, int flags) {
        super(context, cursor, flags);
    }

    @Override
    public View newView(Context context, Cursor cursor, ViewGroup parent) {
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(context).inflate(
                R.layout.list_item_forecast, parent, false);
        ViewHolder viewHolder = new ViewHolder(view);
        view.setTag(viewHolder);
        return view;
    }

    @Override
    public void bindView(View view, Context context, Cursor cursor) {
        ViewHolder viewHolder = (ViewHolder) view.getTag();

        long date = cursor.getLong(ForecastFragment.COL_WEATHER_DATE);
        viewHolder.dateView.setText("Today");

        String weatherForecast =
                cursor.getString(ForecastFragment.COL_WEATHER_DESC);
        viewHolder.descriptionView.setText(weatherForecast);

        double high = cursor.getFloat(ForecastFragment.COL_WEATHER_MAX_TEMP);
        viewHolder.highTempView.setText("30");

        double low = cursor.getFloat(ForecastFragment.COL_WEATHER_MIN_TEMP);
        viewHolder.lowTempView.setText("24");

        int weatherConditionId =
                cursor.getInt(ForecastFragment.COL_WEATHER_CONDITION_ID);
        viewHolder.iconView.setImageResource(R.drawable.ic_snow);
    }

    /** Cache of the children views for a list item. */
    public static class ViewHolder {
        public final ImageView iconView;
        public final TextView dateView;
        public final TextView descriptionView;
        public final TextView highTempView;
        public final TextView lowTempView;

        public ViewHolder(View view) {
            iconView =
                    (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.item_icon);
            dateView =
                    (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.item_date_textview);
            descriptionView =
                    (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.item_forecast_textview);
            highTempView =
                    (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.item_high_textview);
            lowTempView =
                    (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.item_low_textview);
        }
    }
}

My implementation of a class extends SimpleCursorAdapter with newView and bindView but without the ViewHolder pattern

    private class CountriesAdapter extends SimpleCursorAdapter {

            private LayoutInflater mInflater;

            public CountriesAdapter(Context context, int layout, Cursor cursor, String[] from,
                    int[] to, LayoutInflater inflater) {
                super(getActivity(), layout, cursor, from, to, CURSOR_ADAPTER_FLAGS);
                mInflater = inflater;
            }

            @Override
            public View newView(Context context, Cursor cursor, ViewGroup parent) {
                return mInflater.inflate(R.layout.countries_list_row, parent, false);
            }

            @Override
            public void bindView(View rowView, Context context, Cursor cursor) {

                TextView tvCountry = (TextView) rowView.findViewById(R.id.countriesList_tv_countryName);
                TextView tvOrgs = (TextView) rowView.findViewById(R.id.countriesList_tv_orgNames);
                ImageView ivContinent =
                        (ImageView) rowView.findViewById(R.id.countriesList_iv_continentName);

                // TODO: set texts of TextViews and an icon here
                }

            }
    }

Need Your Help

java.lang.IncompatibleClassChangeError: Implementing class deploying to app engine

google-app-engine jersey

I wrote a couple of REST services using Jersey 1.13 on JRE 1.6. Everything runs fine locally, but after I deploy to GAE I get this error: