Java, run another application in foreground

I want run another application from java code.

Runtime rt = Runtime.getRuntime();
Process pr = rt.exec("cmd.exe");

Process is launched, but in background. How to make it run in foreground?

Answers


You should tell cmd.exe that you want it to open in new window:

Process pr = rt.exec("cmd.exe /c start");

Process#waitFor() is what you're looking for.


Consider using commons-exec when dealing with external processes. In my opinion it is much easier to handle than using the Java Runtime class.

Tutorial : http://commons.apache.org/exec/tutorial.html


Run your command from a JDialog and after running it, use toBack().

final JDialog dlg = new javax.swing.JDialog(null, "test", JDialog.ModalityType.DOCUMENT_MODAL);
dlg.setDefaultCloseOperation(WindowConstants.DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
JButton button = new JButton("Select Me");
button.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
    @Override
    public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
        try {
            java.awt.Desktop.getDesktop().open(
                    new java.io.File("/home/user/Downloads/jfreechart-1.0.13-US.pdf"));
            dlg.toBack();
        } catch (IOException e1) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e1);
        }
    }
});

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