How to get the client IP address from SQL Server 2008 itself?

I have a trigger for insert/update/delete. That is working fine. Also, I need the client's IP address from where the changes are made. That I need in T-SQL, that means, not in any web form but in the SQL/T-SQL while my trigger will get fired.

Also I go-ogled, and got that there is stored procedure in master database named xp_cmdshell which when executed with ipconfig we can get the IP Address. I think this will work only when you have administrative access to database. Mine hosting is a shared hosting , so I don't have such privilege. Is there any other way out?

Please help

Thanks in advance

Please note: I don't have administrative privileges on my SQL Server 2008 database. I need a solution as an authenticated user.

Another update:

I have got the solution, the query that will work for my scenario is

SELECT hostname, net_library, net_address
FROM sys.sysprocesses 
WHERE spid = @@SPID

It executes as needed but there is only one issue, that net_address is not in IP format. below is mine result:

hostname    net_library     net_address
IPC03       TCP/IP          AE8F925461DE  

I am eager to know:

  1. What is net_address here? Is is MAC Address or Some IP address etc?

  2. Is there any way to convert net_address to ip?

Humble request:

Before answering/commenting/downvoting, I would request you to go through the question, first, thoroughly. I found some guys commented/downvoted without properly going through the question. No issues, everybody makes mistakes. But not every time make mistake. :)

Answers


I found something which might work for you

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[GetCurrentIP] ()
RETURNS varchar(255)
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @IP_Address varchar(255);

    SELECT @IP_Address = client_net_address
    FROM sys.dm_exec_connections
    WHERE Session_id = @@SPID;

    Return @IP_Address;
END

From How to get Client IP Address in SQL Server

Also have a look at this article about Get client IP address


You can try out this solution. It even works on shared hosting:

select CONNECTIONPROPERTY('client_net_address') AS client_net_address 

Ultimately join the two system tables:

SELECT  hostname,
        net_library,
        net_address,
        client_net_address
FROM    sys.sysprocesses AS S
INNER JOIN    sys.dm_exec_connections AS decc ON S.spid = decc.session_id
WHERE   spid = @@SPID

Output:

hostname | net_library | net_address | client_net_address    
PIERRE   | TCP/IP      | 0090F5E5DEFF| 10.38.168.5

it needs just single line of code

 SELECT CONVERT(char(15), CONNECTIONPROPERTY('client_net_address'))

I couldn't get the exact numeric IP address, instead I got a NULL value because of the limitation of the above statements. The limit is that you only get IP addresses if you're connected via TCP/IP. If you're local and using Shared Memory then those attributes don't exist. If you turn off Shared Memory (or any protocols except for TCP/IP) via Server Configuration Manager you will always get IP address for any connection.

You are best stuck with

SELECT SERVERPROPERTY(N'MachineName');

... which can act in place of numeric IP address.


try this

DECLARE @IP_Address varchar(255);
SELECT @IP_Address = client_net_address
FROM sys.dm_exec_connections
WHERE Session_id = @@SPID;

select @IP_Address;

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