Using GetSchemaTable() to retrieve only column names

Is it possible to use GetSchemaTable() to retrieve only column names?

I have been trying to retrieve Column names (only) using this method, is it possible.

  DataTable table = myReader.GetSchemaTable();

  foreach (DataRow myField in table.Rows)
  {
      foreach (DataColumn myProperty in table.Columns)
      {
          fileconnectiongrid.Rows.Add(myProperty.ColumnName + " = " 
                            + myField[myProperty].ToString());
      }
  }

This code retrieves a lot of table data unwanted, I only need a list containing column names!:

Answers


You need to use ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.SchemaOnly)):

DataTable schema = null;
using (var con = new SqlConnection(connection))
{
    using (var schemaCommand = new SqlCommand("SELECT * FROM table", con))
    {
        con.Open();
        using (var reader = schemaCommand.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.SchemaOnly))
        {
            schema = reader.GetSchemaTable();
        }
    }
}

SchemaOnly:

The query returns column information only. When using SchemaOnly, the .NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server precedes the statement being executed with SET FMTONLY ON.

The column name is in the first column of every row. I don't think that it's possible to omit the other column informations like ColumnOrdinal,ColumnSize,NumericPrecision and so on since you cannot use reader.GetString but only reader.GetSchemaTable in this case.

But your loop is incorrect if you only want the column names:

foreach (DataRow col in schema.Rows)
{
    Console.WriteLine("ColumnName={0}", col.Field<String>("ColumnName"));
}

Change your code to below if all you want is to display the column names. Your original code was trying to not only display column names, but also trying to display the actual data values as well.

DataTable table = myReader.GetSchemaTable();

foreach (DataRow myField in table.Rows)
{
    foreach (DataColumn myProperty in table.Columns)
    {
        fileconnectiongrid.Rows.Add(myProperty.ToString());
    }
}

This will give you all column names, you can place them in a string[] and do with them what you like.

foreach(var columnName in DataTable.Columns)
{
  Console.WriteLine(columnName);
}

//Retrieve column schema into a DataTable.
schemaTable = reader.GetSchemaTable();

int index = schemaTable.Columns.IndexOf("ColumnName");
DataColumn columnName = schemaTable.Columns[index];

//For each field in the table...
foreach (DataRow myField in schemaTable.Rows)
  {
    String columnNameValue = myField[columnName].ToString();
    Console.WriteLine("ColumnName " + columnNameValue);
  }

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