Is there an Oracle SQL query that aggregates multiple rows into one row?

<>

This question already has an answer here:

Answers


It depends on the version of Oracle you're using. If it supports the wm_concat() function, then you can simply do something like this:

SELECT field1, wm_concat(field2) FROM YourTable GROUP BY field2;

wm_concat() basically works just like group_concat() in MySQL. It may not be documented, so fire up ye olde sqlplus and see if it's there.

If it isn't there, then you'll want to implement something equivalent yourself. You can find some instructions on how to do this in the string aggregation page at oracle-base.com.


Pretty old topic, but it could help others since Oracle improved in the mean time.

The LISTAGG function is what you are looking for (in 11g at least)


In Oracle 10g+:

SELECT  *
FROM    (
        SELECT  *
        FROM    mytable
        MODEL
        PARTITION BY
                (grouper)
        DIMENSION BY
                (ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY grouper ORDER BY id) AS rn)
        MEASURES
                (val, val AS group_concat, 0 AS mark)
        RULES SEQUENTIAL ORDER (
                group_concat[rn > 1] ORDER BY rn = group_concat[CV() - 1] || ', ' || val[CV()],
                mark[ANY] ORDER BY rn = PRESENTV(mark[CV() + 1], 0, 1)
                )
        )
WHERE   mark = 1
ORDER BY
        grouper

See this article in my blog for explanations:


Try something like :

SELECT
    field1,
    RTRIM(REPLACE(REPLACE(XMLAgg(XMLElement("x", field2) ORDER BY field2), '<x>'), '</x>', ' ')) AS field2s
  FROM yourTable
  GROUP BY field1

Freely inspired by an answer found in this Oracle forum.

EDIT: this solution proved very resources intensive with requests involving something like 105 rows. I ended up replacing this by custom aggregate functions as suggested by John.


If you have got 10g, then you have to go through the function below:

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION get_separated_value (input_val  in  number)
  RETURN VARCHAR2
IS
  return_text  VARCHAR2(10000) := NULL;
BEGIN
  FOR x IN (SELECT col2 FROM table_name WHERE col1 = input_val) LOOP
    return_text := return_text || ' ' || x.col2 ;
  END LOOP;
  RETURN return_text;
END;
/

So, you can do like:

select col1, get_separated_value(col1) from table_name

Fiddle here

If you have got oracle 11g, you can use listagg :

SELECT 
    age,
    LISTAGG(name, ' ') WITHIN GROUP (ORDER BY name) "names"
FROM table_x
GROUP BY age

Fiddle here for Listagg


User defined aggregate functions: http://www.adp-gmbh.ch/ora/sql/user_def_agg.html

Just copy/paste and use it. Works on 9i.


SELECT a , COLLECT(b) FROM foo GROUP BY a

very useful when used in pl/sql - can be casted to a user defined collection.


Need Your Help

Star Button in Android

android android-button

I'd like to put one star-shaped button in my app, just like a rating star. I've already tried to use a one star rating bar, but unfortunately it doesn't work as a button.