# How can I detect if a point is inside a cone or not, in 3D space?

How is possible to detect if a 3D point is inside a cone or not?

Ross cone = (x1, y1, h1) Cone angle = alpha Height of the cone = H Cone radius = R Coordinates of the point of the cone = P1 (x2, y2, h2) Coordinates outside the cone = P2( x3, y3, h3) Result for point1 = true Result for point2 = false

## Answers

To expand on Ignacio's answer:

Let

x = the tip of the cone dir = the normalized axis vector, pointing from the tip to the base h = height r = base radius p = point to test

So you project p onto dir to find the point's distance along the axis:

cone_dist = dot(p - x, dir)

At this point, you can reject values outside 0 <= cone_dist <= h.

Then you calculate the cone radius at that point along the axis:

cone_radius = (cone_dist / h) * r

And finally calculate the point's orthogonal distance from the axis to compare against the cone radius:

orth_distance = length((p - x) - cone_dist * dir) is_point_inside_cone = (orth_distance < cone_radius)

A cone is simply an infinite number of circles whose size is defined by a linear equation that takes the distance from the point. Simply check if it's inside the circle of the appropriate size.

The language-agnostic answer:

- Find the equation of the line defining the main axis of your cone.
- Compute the distance from the 3D point to the line, along with the intersection point along the line where the distance is perpendicular to the line.
- Find the radius of your cone at the intersection point and check to see if the distance between the line and your 3D point is greater than (outside) or less than (inside) that radius.

Wouldn't it be easier to compute angle between vector to center of cone and vector from apex pointing at point under evaluation. If vector projection is used and the length of the resultant vector is shorter then the vector pointing at the center of the cone the between the angle and length you know if you are inside a cone.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vector_projection