yield break in Python

according to answer to this question, yield break in C# is equivalent to return in python. in normal case, 'return' indeed stop a generator. But if your function does nothing but return, you will get a None not an empty iterator, which is returned by yield break in C#

def generate_nothing():
    return

for i in generate_nothing():
    print i

you will get a TypeError: 'NoneType' object is not iterable. but if I add an never run yield before return, this function return what I expect.

def generate_nothing():
    if False: yield None
    return

if works but seems wired. Who has better idea?

thanks,

Answers


A good way to handle this is raising StopIteration which is what is raised when your iterator has nothing left to yield and next() is called. This will also gracefully break out of a for loop with nothing inside the loop executed.

For example, given a tuple (0, 1, 2, 3) I want to get overlapping pairs ((0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3)). I could do it like so:

def pairs(numbers):
    if len(numbers) < 2:
        raise StopIteration

    for i, number in enumerate(numbers[1:]):
        yield numbers[i], number

Now pairs safely handles lists with 1 number or less.


def generate_nothing():
    return
    yield

def generate_nothing():
    return iter([])

The funny part is that both functions have the same bytecode. Probably there's a flag that sets to generator when bytecode compiler finds the yield keyword.

>>> def f():
...   return

>>> def g():
...   if False: yield 
#in Python2 you can use 0 instead of False to achieve the same result


>>> from dis import dis
>>> dis(f)
2           0 LOAD_CONST               0 (None) 
            3 RETURN_VALUE
>>> dis(g)
2           0 LOAD_CONST               0 (None) 
            3 RETURN_VALUE

Need Your Help

How to optimize vlookup for high search count ? (alternatives to VLOOKUP)

performance excel-vba dictionary vlookup vba

I am looking for alternatives to vlookup, with improved performance within the context of interest.

Error running 'bundle install' using Ruby 1.9.3

bundler gemfile ruby-1.9.3

I'm going through the second edition of Ruby on Rails Tutorial (http://ruby.railstutorial.org/). I'm following each step, so I'm using Ruby 1.9.3 and when I run 'bundle install' inside my Rails pro...