Make Java runtime ignore serialVersionUIDs?

I have to work with a large number of compiled Java classes which didn't explicitly specify a serialVersionUID. Because their UIDs were arbitrarily generated by the compiler, many of the classes which need to be serialized and deserialized end up causing exceptions, even though the actual class definitions match up. (This is all expected behavior, of course.)

It is impractical for me to go back and fix all of this 3rd-party code.

Therefore, my question is: Is there any way to make the Java runtime ignore differences in serialVersionUIDs, and only fail to deserialize when there are actual differences in structure?

Answers


If you have access to the code base, you could use the SerialVer task for Ant to insert and to modify the serialVersionUID in the source code of a serializable class and fix the problem once for all.

If you can't, or if this is not an option (e.g. if you have already serialized some objects that you need to deserialize), one solution would be to extend ObjectInputStream. Augment its behavior to compare the serialVersionUID of the stream descriptor with the serialVersionUID of the class in the local JVM that this descriptor represents and to use the local class descriptor in case of mismatch. Then, just use this custom class for the deserialization. Something like this (credits to this message):

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InvalidClassException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectStreamClass;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;


public class DecompressibleInputStream extends ObjectInputStream {

    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DecompressibleInputStream.class);

    public DecompressibleInputStream(InputStream in) throws IOException {
        super(in);
    }

    protected ObjectStreamClass readClassDescriptor() throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        ObjectStreamClass resultClassDescriptor = super.readClassDescriptor(); // initially streams descriptor
        Class localClass; // the class in the local JVM that this descriptor represents.
        try {
            localClass = Class.forName(resultClassDescriptor.getName()); 
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            logger.error("No local class for " + resultClassDescriptor.getName(), e);
            return resultClassDescriptor;
        }
        ObjectStreamClass localClassDescriptor = ObjectStreamClass.lookup(localClass);
        if (localClassDescriptor != null) { // only if class implements serializable
            final long localSUID = localClassDescriptor.getSerialVersionUID();
            final long streamSUID = resultClassDescriptor.getSerialVersionUID();
            if (streamSUID != localSUID) { // check for serialVersionUID mismatch.
                final StringBuffer s = new StringBuffer("Overriding serialized class version mismatch: ");
                s.append("local serialVersionUID = ").append(localSUID);
                s.append(" stream serialVersionUID = ").append(streamSUID);
                Exception e = new InvalidClassException(s.toString());
                logger.error("Potentially Fatal Deserialization Operation.", e);
                resultClassDescriptor = localClassDescriptor; // Use local class descriptor for deserialization
            }
        }
        return resultClassDescriptor;
    }
}

How impractical is this to fix ? If you have the source and can rebuild, can you not just run a script over the entire codebase to insert a

private long serialVersionUID = 1L;

everywhere ?


Use CGLIB to insert them into the binary classes?


The serialization errors at runtime tell you explicitly what the ID is expected to be. Just change your classes to declare these as the ID and everything will be OK. This does involve you making changes but I don't believe that this can be avoided


You could possibly use Aspectj to 'introduce' the field into each serializable class as it is loaded. I would first introduce a marker interface into each class using the package and then introduce the field using a Hash of the class file for the serialVersionUID

public aspect SerializationIntroducerAspect {

   // introduce marker into each class in the org.simple package
   declare parents: (org.simple.*) implements SerialIdIntroduced;

   public interface SerialIdIntroduced{}

   // add the field to each class marked with the interface above.
   private long SerialIdIntroduced.serialVersionUID = createIdFromHash(); 

   private long SerialIdIntroduced.createIdFromHash()
   {
       if(serialVersionUID == 0)
       {
           serialVersionUID = getClass().hashCode();
       }
       return serialVersionUID;
   }
}

You will need to add the aspectj load time weaver agent to the VM so it can weave the advice into your existing 3rd party classes. Its funny though once you get around to setting Aspectj up, its remarkable the number of uses that you will put to.

HTH

ste


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