iPython notebook plantuml extension

How can we use plantuml UML tool in iPython notebook? It should helpful for us since UML figure is frequently used during paper work.

After some google from internet, I have found one excellent reference for Using Asymptote in iPython notebook, then I have created a plantuml extension for iPython notebook. Below is detail steps:

  • Start iPython notebook from my working directory.e.g:$HOME/workshop.

    # cd $HOME/workshop
    # ipython notebook --pylab inline
    
  • Create a extension script at $HOME/workshop.e.g:plantuml.py

    """
    An Plantuml extension for generating UML figures from within ipython notebook.
    """
    import os
    from IPython.core.magic import magics_class, cell_magic, Magics
    from IPython.display import Image, SVG
    
    @magics_class
    class Plantuml(Magics):
    
    @cell_magic
    def plantuml(self, line, cell):
        """Generate and display a figure using Plantuml.
        Usage:
            %java -jar plantuml.jar -tsvg filname
        """
        self.filename = line
        self.code = cell
    
        with open(self.filename + ".plt", "w") as file:
            file.write(self.code)
    
        os.system("java -jar plantuml.jar -tsvg %s.plt" % self.filename)
        return SVG(filename=self.filename+".svg")    
    
    def load_ipython_extension(ipython):
        ipython.register_magics(Plantuml)
    
  • Download plantuml.jar from official website to $HOME/workshop.

  • Create a new iPython notebook,run below cell to load extension and use the extension:

    %install_ext plantuml.py
    %reload_ext plantuml
    
  • Create a plantuml cell to test the result.

    %%plantuml figure1
    
    @startuml
    Alice -> Bob: Authentication Request
    Bob --> Alice: Authentication Response
    @enduml  
    

Then,everything from plantuml will work within iPython notebook.

Some questions are:

  • The error output of plantuml is NOT displayed in iPython notebook if any syntax wrong in plantuml code.it will be great if the SVG generation failure, then output the error text, othwise output the SVG file to notebook.
  • The extension is using SVG format, Not sure if it's possible to use PDF or PNG format.I wish to extension TiKz also but pdflatex always output pdf file format.I have to use a 3rd-party tool to covert it to SVG format firstly.it's a bit time consuming.

Answers


Plantuml UML tool in iPython notebook is a great idea!

Instead of adding the jar, you can also use the web service. You can get the error message this way.

Based on the javascript API, I wrote a small python encoder to send strings to the plantUML server.

Now, the extension looks like this

import urllib
import plantumlencoder
from IPython.core.magic import magics_class, cell_magic, Magics
from IPython.display import Image, SVG

@magics_class
class Plantuml(Magics):

    @cell_magic
    def plantuml(self, line, cell):
        self.filename = line
        self.code = ""
        for line in cell.split('\n'):
            newline = line.strip()
            if newline:
                self.code += newline + '\n'

        uri = "http://www.plantuml.com/plantuml/svg/" + plantumlencoder.compress(self.code)

        urllib.urlretrieve(uri, self.filename)

        return SVG(filename=self.filename)    

def load_ipython_extension(ipython):
    ipython.register_magics(Plantuml)

To use other image formats you can change the URL, and the image code. For example : This extension produces png

import urllib
import plantumlencoder
from IPython.core.magic import magics_class, cell_magic, Magics
from IPython.display import Image, PNG

@magics_class
class Plantuml(Magics):

    @cell_magic
    def plantuml(self, line, cell):
        self.filename = line
        self.code = ""
        for line in cell.split('\n'):
            newline = line.strip()
            if newline:
                self.code += newline + '\n'

        uri = "http://www.plantuml.com/plantuml/png/" + plantumlencoder.compress(self.code)

        urllib.urlretrieve(uri, self.filename)

        return PNG(filename=self.filename)

def load_ipython_extension(ipython):
    ipython.register_magics(Plantuml)

Need Your Help

How to count without a counter in a select?

c# foreach

Sometimes, during development phase, I need to see if e.g. a name is changed for each element created or just wish to differentiate between different instances' names in an array. That behavior is

Seam in JSF 2.2 causes java.lang.NullPointerException at com.sun.faces.application.NavigationHandlerImpl.determineViewFromActionOutcome

jsf seam jsf-2.2 wildfly-8

I am trying to run my application on WildFly8.2, which was build by using Jboss 5.1.I migrated my entire application and able to see the login page. But while navigating to JSF pages, it is throwin...