Postgres syntax error at or near "IF"

I am new to postgres and I am working on an assignment of mine. I had to create a table with only 1 column and, then I was given this statement to run in on pgadmin III:

BEGIN;
INSERT INTO mytable VALUES (1);
SAVEPOINT savepoint1;
INSERT INTO mytable VALUES (2);
ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT savepoint1;
INSERT INTO mytable VALUES (3);
SAVEPOINT savepoint2;
INSERT INTO mytable VALUES (4);
INSERT INTO mytable VALUES (5);
SAVEPOINT savepoint3;
SELECT * FROM mytable;
--NOTE: You need to run this IF statement as PGScript 
--(button next to the normal run button)
IF (CAST ((SELECT MAX(id) FROM mytable) AS INTEGER) = 4)
BEGIN
      RELEASE SAVEPOINT savepoint2;
END
ELSE
BEGIN
      INSERT INTO mytable VALUES(6);
END
--Run the next steps normally
SAVEPOINT savepoint2;
INSERT INTO mytable VALUES (7);
RELEASE SAVEPOINT savepoint2;
INSERT INTO mytable VALUES (8);
ROLLBACK TO savepoint2;
COMMIT;

when I run this I get this error: syntax error at or near "IF"

I have already take a look at this 38.6.2. Conditionals38.6.2. Conditionals , I dont understand this very well, Do I need to change the query to have

IF (CAST ((SELECT MAX(id) FROM mytable) AS INTEGER) = 4) THEN 
BEGiN 

and then when it ends I should end it with:

END IF

Why there is an error after all??

Answers


IF and other PL/pgSQL features are only available inside PL/pgSQL functions. You need to wrap your code in a function if you want to use IF. If you're using 9.0+ then you can do use DO to write an inline function:

do $$
begin
  -- code goes here
end
$$

If you're using an earlier version of PostgreSQL then you'll have to write a named function which contains your code and then execute that function.


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