python 2.7 force round up 2 decimal places
I'm trying to force a float to round up to the 2nd decimal place. I know this isn't the best practice, but it's what I need for a program I'm working on. So for example:
100.00 = 100.00
100.001 = 100.01
100.009 = 100.01
I've gotten pretty close to the results i need with math.ceil and a tip i read in another post, but am running into an issue where if the input number already ends exactly in 2 decimal places, it's rounding up unnecessarily. Here is an example:
import math taxpcnt = 1.12 roomsubtotal = 699.00 roomttl = math.ceil(taxpcnt * roomsubtotal * 100) / 100 print roomttl
This I would think would return 782.88, since 699 * 1.12 is exactly 782.88, but instead it returns 782.89. Weirder is if i 'print taxpcnt * roomsubtotal', i get 782.88. If i change the code to:
roomttl = math.ceil(782.88 * 100) / 100
I get the correct value. But some reason, all together it's not calculating right.
Any tips on how to properly get what I'm trying to achieve?
Edit: I think I have patched together a solution:
import math taxpcnt = 1.12 roomsubtotal = 699.00 rate = "%.2f" % (taxpcnt * roomsubtotal * 100) rate = float(rate) roomttl = math.ceil(rate) / 100
Not sure if this is the best method, but at least it seems to work.
Welcome to the world of floating point. Have a read of this to get an idea of what's going on.
The result of 699 * 1.12 cannot be accurately represented by the computer, so the rounded result is incorrect.
>>> 699 * 1.12 782.8800000000001
If you only care about two decimal places consider using a different type, such as a Decimal.