How to manually log out a user with spring security?

Probably the answer is simple: How can I manually logout the currently logged in user in spring security? Is it sufficient to call:

SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication().setAuthenticated(false); 

?

Answers


In Servlet 3.0 container Spring logout functionality is integrated with servlet and you just invoke logout() on your HttpServletRequest. Still need to write valid response content.

According to documentation (Spring 3.2):

The HttpServletRequest.logout() method can be used to log the current user out.

Typically this means that the SecurityContextHolder will be cleared out, the HttpSession will be invalidated, any "Remember Me" authentication will be cleaned up, etc.


It's hard for me to say for sure if your code is enough. However standard Spring-security's implementation of logging out is different. If you took a look at SecurityContextLogoutHandler you would see they do:

    SecurityContextHolder.clearContext();

Moreover they optionally invalidate the HttpSession:

    if (invalidateHttpSession) {
        HttpSession session = request.getSession(false);
        if (session != null) {
            session.invalidate();
        }
    }

You may find more information in some other question about logging out in Spring Security and by looking at the source code of org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.SecurityContextLogoutHandler.


I use the same code in LogoutFilter, reusing the LogoutHandlers as following:

public static void myLogoff(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
    CookieClearingLogoutHandler cookieClearingLogoutHandler = new CookieClearingLogoutHandler(AbstractRememberMeServices.SPRING_SECURITY_REMEMBER_ME_COOKIE_KEY);
    SecurityContextLogoutHandler securityContextLogoutHandler = new SecurityContextLogoutHandler();
    cookieClearingLogoutHandler.logout(request, response, null);
    securityContextLogoutHandler.logout(request, response, null);
}

You can also use SessionRegistry as:

sessionRegistry.getSessionInformation(sessionId).expireNow();

If you want to force logout in all sessions of a user then use getAllSessions method and call expireNow of each session information.

Edit This requires ConcurrentSessionFilter (or any other filter in the chain), that checks SessionInformation and calls all logout handlers and then do redirect.


To log out a user in a web application you can also redirect him to the logout page. The LogoutFilter is then doing all the work for you.

The url of the logout page is set in the security configuration:

<sec:http ...>
  ...
  <sec:logout logout-url="/logout" logout-success-url="/login?logout_successful=1" />
  ...
</sec:http>

Simply do like this (the ones commented by "concern you") :

    Authentication auth = SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication(); // concern you

    User currUser = userService.getUserById(auth.getName()); // some of DAO or Service...

    SecurityContextLogoutHandler ctxLogOut = new SecurityContextLogoutHandler(); // concern you

    if( currUser == null ){
        ctxLogOut.logout(request, response, auth); // concern you
    }

Recently we had to implement logout functionality using Spring-security 3.0.5. Although this question is already answered above, I will post the complete code which would definitely help novice user like me :)

Configuration in Spring-security.xml

 <http auto-config="false" lowercase-comparisons="false" use-expressions="true">
     <custom-filter position="LOGOUT_FILTER" ref="logoutFilter" />
 </http>

<beans:bean id="logoutFilter" class="org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter">
        <beans:constructor-arg name="logoutSuccessHandler" ref="xxxLogoutSuccessHandler" />
    <beans:constructor-arg name="handlers">
        <beans:list>
            <beans:ref bean="securityContextLogoutHandler"/>
            <beans:ref bean="xxxLogoutHandler"/>
        </beans:list>
    </beans:constructor-arg>
    <beans:property name="filterProcessesUrl" value="/logout"/>
</beans:bean>
<beans:bean id="XXXLogoutSuccessHandler" class="com.tms.dis.sso.XXXLogoutSuccessHandler"/>
<beans:bean id="securityContextLogoutHandler" class="org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.SecurityContextLogoutHandler">
    <beans:property name="invalidateHttpSession" value="true"/>
</beans:bean>
<beans:bean id="XXXLogoutHandler" class="com.tms.dis.sso.XXXLogoutHandler"/>

Here i have created two custom classes

  1. XXXLogoutHandler which will implement org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutHandler and will override the logout() method.
  2. XXXLogoutSuccessHandler which will implement org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutSuccessHanlder and will override onLoguoutSuccess() method. Within the XXXLogoutSuccessHandler.onLogoutSuccess() method call the redirectStrategy.sendRedirect() method which logout the user to the particular targetURL.
  3. org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.SecurityContextLogoutHandler does the task of invalidating the user session.

Hope this would help and give the correct direction to the starter

Note: Intentionally have not posted code for custom implementation.


new SecurityContextLogoutHandler().logout(request, null, null);


Right Oledzki, I am using the following for example inside my controller to logout and redirect the user to the login page in spring security 4.2.3

SecurityContextHolder.clearContext();

if(session != null)
    session.invalidate();

return "redirect:/login";

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