Linq Sub-Select

How do I write a sub-select in LINQ.

If I have a list of customers and a list of orders I want all the customers that have no orders.

This is my pseudo code attempt:

    var  res = from c in customers 
where c.CustomerID ! in (from o in orders select o.CustomerID) 
select c


How about:

var res = from c in customers 
          where !orders.Select(o => o.CustomerID).Contains(c.CustomerID)
          select c;

Another option is to use:

var res = from c in customers
          join o in orders 
               on c.CustomerID equals o.customerID 
               into customerOrders
          where customerOrders.Count() == 0
          select c;

Are you using LINQ to SQL or something else, btw? Different flavours may have different "best" ways of doing it

If this is database-backed, try using navigation properties (if you have them defined):

var res = from c in customers
          where !c.Orders.Any()
          select c;

On Northwind, this generates the TSQL:

SELECT /* columns snipped */
FROM [dbo].[Customers] AS [t0]
    FROM [dbo].[Orders] AS [t1]
    WHERE [t1].[CustomerID] = [t0].[CustomerID]

Which does the job quite well.

            var result = (from planinfo in db.mst_pointplan_info
                                                           join entityType in db.mst_entity_type
                                                           on planinfo.entityId equals
                                                           where planinfo.entityId == entityId
                                                           && planinfo.is_deleted != true
                                                           && planinfo.system_id == systemId
                                                           && entityType.enity_enum_id == entityId
                                                           group planinfo by planinfo.package_id into gplan
                                                           select new PackagePointRangeConfigurationResult
                                                               Result = (from planinfo in gplan
                                                                         select new PackagePointRangeResult
                                                                             PackageId = planinfo.package_id,
                                                                             PointPlanInfo = (from pointPlanInfo in gplan
                                                                                              select new PointPlanInfo
                                                                                                  StartRange = planinfo.start_range,
                                                                                                  EndRange = planinfo.end_range,
                                                                                                  IsDiscountAndChargeInPer = planinfo.is_discount_and_charge_in_per,
                                                                                                  Discount =,
                                                                                                  ServiceCharge = planinfo.servicecharge,
                                                                                                  AtonMerchantShare = planinfo.aton_merchant_share,
                                                                                                  CommunityShare = planinfo.community_share

var  res = (from c in orders where c.CustomerID == null
               select c.Customers).ToList();

or Make Except()

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