Convert boolean result into number/integer

I have a variable that stores false or true, but I need 0 or 1 instead, respectively. How can I do this?

Answers


Javascript has a ternary operator you could use:

var i = result ? 1 : 0;

Use the unary + operator, which converts its operand into a number.

+ true; // 1
+ false; // 0

Note, of course, that you should still sanitise the data on the server side, because a user can send any data to your sever, no matter what the client-side code says.


Imho the best solution is:

fooBar | 0

This is used in asm.js to force integer type.


I prefer to use the Number function. It takes an object and converts it to a number. Example:

var myFalseBool = false;
var myTrueBool = true;

var myFalseInt = Number(myFalseBool);
console.log(myFalseInt == 0);

var myTrueInt = Number(myTrueBool);
console.log(myTrueInt == 1);

Or run it in jsFiddle.


I created a JSperf comparison of all suggested answers.

TL;DR - the best option for all current browsers is:

val | 0;

.

Update:

It seems like these days they are all pretty identical, except that the Number() function is the slowest, while the best being val === true ? 1 : 0;.


The typed way to do this would be:

Number(true) // 1
Number(false) // 0

I just came across this shortcut today.

~~(true)

~~(false)

People much smarter than I can explain:

http://james.padolsey.com/javascript/double-bitwise-not/


When JavaScript is expecting a number value but receives a boolean instead it converts that boolean into a number: true and false convert into 1 and 0 respectively. So you can take advantage of this;

var t = true;
var f = false;

console.log(t*1); // t*1 === 1
console.log(f*1); // f*1 === 0 

console.log(+t); // 0+t === 1 or shortened to +t === 1
console.log(+f); //0+f === 0 or shortened to +f === 0

I was just dealing with this issue in some code I was writing. My solution was to use a bitwise and.

var j = bool & 1;

A quicker way to deal with a constant problem would be to create a function. It's more readable by other people, better for understanding at the maintenance stage, and gets rid of the potential for writing something wrong.

function toInt( val ) {
    return val & 1;
}

var j = toInt(bool);

Edit - September 10th, 2014

No conversion using a ternary operator with the identical to operator is faster in Chrome for some reason. Makes no sense as to why it's faster, but I suppose it's some sort of low level optimization that makes sense somewhere along the way.

var j = boolValue === true ? 1 : 0;

Test for yourself: http://jsperf.com/boolean-int-conversion/2

In FireFox and Internet Explorer, using the version I posted is faster generally.

Edit - July 14th, 2017

Okay, I'm not going to tell you which one you should or shouldn't use. Every freaking browser has been going up and down in how fast they can do the operation with each method. Chrome at one point actually had the bitwise & version doing better than the others, but then it suddenly was much worse. I don't know what they're doing, so I'm just going to leave it at who cares. There's rarely any reason to care about how fast an operation like this is done. Even on mobile it's a nothing operation.

Also, here's a newer method for adding a 'toInt' prototype that cannot be overwritten.

Object.defineProperty(Boolean.prototype, "toInt", { value: function()
{
    return this & 1;
}});

The unary + operator will take care of this:

var test = true;
// +test === 1
test = false;
// +test === 0

You'll naturally want to sanity-check this on the server before storing it, so that might be a more sensible place to do this anyway, though.


You can also add 0, use shift operators or xor:

val + 0;
val ^ 0;
val >> 0;
val >>> 0;
val << 0;

These have similar speeds as those from the others answers.


You could do this by simply extending the boolean prototype

Boolean.prototype.intval = function(){return ~~this}

It is not too easy to understand what is going on there so an alternate version would be

Boolean.prototype.intval = function(){return (this == true)?1:0}

having done which you can do stuff like

document.write(true.intval());

When I use booleans to store conditions I often convert them to bitfields in which case I end up using an extended version of the prototype function

Boolean.prototype.intval = function(places)
{
 places = ('undefined' == typeof(places))?0:places; 
 return (~~this) << places
}

with which you can do

document.write(true.intval(2))

which produces 4 as its output.


let integerVariable = booleanVariable * 1;

I have tested all of this examples, I did a benchmark, and finally I recommend you choose the shorter one, it doesn't affect in performance.

Runned in Ubuntu server 14.04, nodejs v8.12.0 - 26/10/18

    let i = 0;
console.time("TRUE test1")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true ? 1 : 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test1")


console.time("FALSE test2")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false ? 1 : 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test2")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test1.1")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true === true ? 1 : 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test1.1")


console.time("FALSE test2.1")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false === true ? 1 : 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test2.1")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test3")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true | 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test3")

console.time("FALSE test4")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false | 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test4")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test5")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true * 1;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test5")

console.time("FALSE test6")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false * 1;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test6")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test7")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true & 1;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test7")

console.time("FALSE test8")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false & 1;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test8")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test9")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        +true;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test9")

console.time("FALSE test10")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        +false;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test10")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test9.1")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        0+true;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test9.1")

console.time("FALSE test10.1")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        0+false;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test10.1")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test9.2")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        -true*-1;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test9.2")

console.time("FALSE test10.2")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        -false*-1;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test10.2")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test9.3")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true-0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test9.3")

console.time("FALSE test10.3")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false-0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test10.3")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test11")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        Number(true);
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test11")

console.time("FALSE test12")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        Number(false);
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test12")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test13")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true + 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test13")

console.time("FALSE test14")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false + 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test14")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test15")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true ^ 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test15")

console.time("FALSE test16")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false ^ 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test16")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test17")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true ^ 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test17")

console.time("FALSE test18")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false ^ 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test18")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test19")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true >> 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test19")

console.time("FALSE test20")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false >> 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test20")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test21")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true >>> 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test21")

console.time("FALSE test22")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false >>> 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test22")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test23")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true << 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test23")

console.time("FALSE test24")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false << 0;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test24")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test25")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        ~~true;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test25")

console.time("FALSE test26")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        ~~false;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test26")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test25.1")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        ~true*-1-1;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test25.1")

console.time("FALSE test26.1")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        ~false*-1-1;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test26.1")

console.log("----------------------------")

console.time("TRUE test27")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        true/1;
    }
console.timeEnd("TRUE test27")

console.time("FALSE test28")
    i=0;
    for(;i<100000000;i=i+1){
        false/1;
    }
console.timeEnd("FALSE test28")

Result

TRUE test1: 93.301ms
FALSE test2: 102.854ms
----------------------------
TRUE test1.1: 118.979ms
FALSE test2.1: 119.061ms
----------------------------
TRUE test3: 97.265ms
FALSE test4: 108.389ms
----------------------------
TRUE test5: 85.854ms
FALSE test6: 87.449ms
----------------------------
TRUE test7: 83.126ms
FALSE test8: 84.992ms
----------------------------
TRUE test9: 99.683ms
FALSE test10: 87.080ms
----------------------------
TRUE test9.1: 85.587ms
FALSE test10.1: 86.050ms
----------------------------
TRUE test9.2: 85.883ms
FALSE test10.2: 89.066ms
----------------------------
TRUE test9.3: 86.722ms
FALSE test10.3: 85.187ms
----------------------------
TRUE test11: 86.245ms
FALSE test12: 85.808ms
----------------------------
TRUE test13: 84.192ms
FALSE test14: 84.173ms
----------------------------
TRUE test15: 81.575ms
FALSE test16: 81.699ms
----------------------------
TRUE test17: 81.979ms
FALSE test18: 81.599ms
----------------------------
TRUE test19: 81.578ms
FALSE test20: 81.452ms
----------------------------
TRUE test21: 115.886ms
FALSE test22: 88.935ms
----------------------------
TRUE test23: 82.077ms
FALSE test24: 81.822ms
----------------------------
TRUE test25: 81.904ms
FALSE test26: 82.371ms
----------------------------
TRUE test25.1: 82.319ms
FALSE test26.1: 96.648ms
----------------------------
TRUE test27: 89.943ms
FALSE test28: 83.646ms

try

val*1

let t=true;
let f=false;

console.log(t*1);
console.log(f*1)

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