The usage of boost::mpl::bind

When I try the mpl::bind function with following test code, I failed to pass compiler in gcc, could someone help me to track out the problems, many thanks.

#include <iostream>
#include <typeinfo>
#include <string>
#include <boost/mpl/apply.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/char.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/int.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/arg.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/plus.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/placeholders.hpp>
#include <boost/static_assert.hpp>
#include <boost/type_traits/add_pointer.hpp>
#include <boost/type_traits/is_same.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/quote.hpp>

using namespace std;

using namespace boost::mpl;

template< typename T1,typename T2 >
struct int_plus:boost::mpl::int_< (T1::value+T2::value) >
{
};

int main()
{
    typedef boost::mpl::lambda< int_plus<_1, _2 > >::type test1;        //-fine

    // test2 define is causeing error
    typedef boost::mpl::bind  < int_plus<_1, _2 > > test2;              //-error?

    typedef boost::mpl::lambda< quote2<int_plus>, _2, _1 >::type test3; //-fine
    typedef boost::mpl::bind< quote2<int_plus>, _2, _1 > test4;         //-fine
    typedef test1::apply<int_<42>, int_<23>>::type test5;               //-fine
    typedef test2::apply<int_<42>, int_<23>>::type test6;               //-error
    typedef test3::apply<int_<42>, int_<24>>::type test7;               //-fine
    typedef test4::apply<int_<42>, int_<24>>::type test8;               //-fine
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( test5::value, ==, 65 );                  //-fine
    //BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( test6::value, ==, 65 );
}

the error message:

||=== Build: Debug in jtest2 (compiler: GNU GCC Compiler) ===|

C:\boost\mpl\aux_\preprocessed\gcc\apply_wrap.hpp||In instantiation of 'struct boost::mpl::apply_wrap0, mpl_::arg<2> >, mpl_::bool_ >':|

C:\boost\mpl\aux_\preprocessed\gcc\bind.hpp|86|required from 'struct boost::mpl::bind0, mpl_::arg<2> > >::apply, mpl_::int_<23> >'| C:\ls\jtest2\main.cpp|30|required from here|

C:\boost\mpl\aux_\preprocessed\gcc\apply_wrap.hpp|20|error: no class template named 'apply' in 'struct int_plus, mpl_::arg<2> >'|

C:\boost\mpl\aux_\preprocessed\gcc\bind.hpp||In instantiation of 'struct boost::mpl::bind0, mpl_::arg<2> > >::apply, mpl_::int_<23> >':|

C:\ls\jtest2\main.cpp|30|required from here| C:\boost\mpl\aux_\preprocessed\gcc\bind.hpp|86|error: no type named 'type' in 'struct boost::mpl::apply_wrap0, mpl_::arg<2> >, mpl_::bool_ >'|

||=== Build failed: 2 error(s), 5 warning(s) (0 minute(s), 0 second(s)) ===|

Answers


After checking the defines and semantics of bind, it need a metafunction class as the first parameter , that means the metafunction could not work;

We have several methods to convert the metafunction to the matafunction class, in this example the metafunction int_plus could be covert by

1) quote2(int_plus)

2) int_plus_f

3) int_plus_f2

#include <iostream>
#include <typeinfo>
#include <string>
#include <boost/mpl/apply.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/char.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/int.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/arg.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/plus.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/placeholders.hpp>
#include <boost/static_assert.hpp>
#include <boost/type_traits/add_pointer.hpp>
#include <boost/type_traits/is_same.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/quote.hpp>

using namespace std;
using namespace boost::mpl;

template< typename T1,typename T2 >
struct int_plus:boost::mpl::int_< (T1::value+T2::value) >
{
};

struct int_plus_f  // method 1 to get metafunction class, not perfect for lambda
{
    template< typename T1,typename T2 >
    struct apply:boost::mpl::int_< (T1::value+T2::value) >
    {
    };
};

struct int_plus_f2 // method 2 to get metafunction class, perfect for lambda
{
    template< typename A1, typename A2 > struct apply
            : int_plus<A1,A2>
    {
    };
};

int main()
{
    //bind define:
    //    typedef bind<f,a1,...an> g;
    //bind parameters:
    //    F Metafunction Class An metafunction class to perform binding on.
    //    A1,... An Any type Arguments to bind.

    //lambda define:
    //    typedef lambda<x>::type f;
    //    typedef lambda<x,Tag>::type f;
    //lambda parameters
    //    X Any type An expression to transform.
    //    Tag Any type A tag determining transform semantics
    //lambda Semantics equivalent to
    //    typedef protect< bind< quoten<X> , lambda<a1>::type,... lambda<an>::type > > f;
    //quote define:
    //    typedef quoten<f> g;
    //    typedef quoten<f,tag> g;
    //quote2 Semantics Equivalent to
    //    struct g{
    //        template< typename A1,typename A2 >
    //            struct apply : f<A1,A2>{};
    //            };




    typedef boost::mpl::lambda< int_plus<_1, _2 > >::type test1;        //-fine
    typedef boost::mpl::bind  < int_plus_f,_1, _2  > test2;             //-fine
    typedef boost::mpl::bind  < int_plus_f2,_1, _2  > test3;            //-fine
    typedef boost::mpl::lambda< int_plus_f2,_1, _2  >::type test4;      //-fine
    typedef boost::mpl::lambda< quote2<int_plus>, _2, _1 >::type test5; //-fine
    typedef boost::mpl::bind< quote2<int_plus>, _2, _1 > test6;         //-fine
    typedef test1::apply<int_<42>, int_<22>>::type result1;             //-fine
    typedef test2::apply<int_<42>, int_<23>>::type result2;             //-fine
    typedef test3::apply<int_<42>, int_<24>>::type result3;             //-fine
    typedef test4::apply<int_<42>, int_<25>>::type result4;             //-fine
    typedef test5::apply<int_<42>, int_<26>>::type result5;             //-fine
    typedef test6::apply<int_<42>, int_<27>>::type result6;             //-fine
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( result1::value, ==, 64 );                //-fine
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( result2::value, ==, 65 );                //-fine
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( result3::value, ==, 66 );                //-fine
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( result4::value, ==, 67 );                //-fine
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( result5::value, ==, 68 );                //-fine
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( result6::value, ==, 69 );                //-fine


    //apply :  Invokes a Metafunction Class or a Lambda Expression F with arguments A1,... An.
    //    typedef apply<f,a1,...an>::type t;
    //apply parameters
    //    F Lambda Expression: An expression(e.g.: a metafunction) to invoke,
    //      metafunction class is fine also
    //    A1,... An Any type Invocation arguments.
    // apply  Semantics Equivalent to
    //    typedef apply_wrapn< lambda<f>::type,a1,... an>::type t;.

    typedef apply< int_plus<_1,_2>, int_<2>, int_<3> >::type r1;
    typedef apply< quote2<int_plus>, int_<2>, int_<3> >::type r2;
    typedef apply< int_plus_f, int_<2>, int_<3> >::type r3;
    typedef apply< int_plus_f2, int_<2>, int_<3> >::type r4;

    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( r1::value, ==, 5 );
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( r2::value, ==, 5 );
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( r3::value, ==, 5 );
    BOOST_MPL_ASSERT_RELATION( r4::value, ==, 5 );

}

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