update table column after insert new record using MySQL triggers

Imagine I have a MySQL table (tbl_test) with these fields: id, title, priority. id will be incremented automatically. I need to fill priority field with a value as same as id field after inserting. As I'm new in using MySQL triggers, please tell me what I have to write for it. I did something , but I think it is not true:

CREATE TRIGGER 'test' AFTER INSERT ON `tbl_test`
BEGIN
   SET new.priority = new.id;
END

Thanks for your assistance.

Answers


The way you are trying to set value to a column is an update. Because you are doing it after insert operation is completed.

You actually need a before trigger.

And to assign the same new auto incremented value of primary key column of same table, you better get it from information_schema.tables.

Example:

delimiter //
drop trigger if exists bi_table_name //

create trigger bi_table_name before insert on table_name
for each row begin
  set @auto_id := ( SELECT AUTO_INCREMENT 
                    FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES
                    WHERE TABLE_NAME='table_name'
                      AND TABLE_SCHEMA=DATABASE() ); 
  set new.priority= @auto_id;
end;
//

delimiter ;

Note: Make sure that you don't have any pre-defined trigger with the same name and/or action. If have some, then drop them before creating the new.


I don't think you can do that. An AFTER INSERT trigger cannot modify the same table, neither by issuing an UPDATE nor by something like this:

DROP TRIGGER new_tbl_test;

DELIMITER $$

CREATE TRIGGER new_tbl_test 
AFTER INSERT ON tbl_test for each row
begin
UPDATE tbl_test SET priority = new.id WHERE id = new.id;
END $$

DELIMITER ;

It gives error like

ERROR 1442 (HY000): Can't update table 'tbl_test' in stored function/trigger because it is already used by statement which invoked this stored function/trigger.

What you can do, is use a transaction:

Example : Table structure is like below

mysql> show create table tbl_test\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: tbl_test
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `tbl_test` (
  `ID` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `title` char(30) DEFAULT NULL,
  `priority` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`ID`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Transaction

START TRANSACTION ;
  INSERT INTO tbl_test (title)
    VALUES ('Dr');
  UPDATE tbl_test
    SET `priority` = id
    WHERE id = LAST_INSERT_ID();
COMMIT ;

Check data

mysql> SELECT * FROM tbl_test;
+----+-------+----------+
| ID | title | priority |
+----+-------+----------+
|  1 | Dr    |        1 |
+----+-------+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

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