Should I use `app.exec()` or `app.exec_()` in my PyQt application?
I use Python 3 and PyQt5. Here's my test PyQt5 program, focus on the last 2 lines:
from PyQt5.QtCore import * from PyQt5.QtWidgets import * import sys class window(QWidget): def __init__(self,parent=None): super().__init__(parent) self.setWindowTitle('test') self.resize(250,200) app=QApplication(sys.argv) w=window() w.show() sys.exit(app.exec()) #sys.exit(app.exec_())
I know exec is a language keyword in Python. But code on Official PyQt5 Documentation (specifically the Object Destruction on Exit part). I see that example shows use of app.exec() which confuses me.
When I tested it on my machine. I found there is no any visible difference from my end. Both with and without _ produces the same output in no time difference.
My question is:
- Is there anything wrong going when I use app.exec()? like clashing with Python's internal exec? I suspect because both exec's are executing something.
- If not, can I use both interchangeably?
That's because until Python 3, exec was a reserved keyword, so the PyQt devs added underscore to it. From Python 3 onwards, exec is no longer a reserved keyword (because it is a builtin function; same situation as print), so it made sense in PyQt5 to provide a version without an underscore to be consistent with C++ docs, but keep a version with underscore for backwards compatibility. So for PyQt5 with Python 3, the two exec functions are the same. For older PyQt, only exec_() is available.
On the question of whether to prefer one over the other: using exec_ means you have one less thing to worry about if you ever decide to add support for PyQt4 and/or Python >= 2.6, and want to maintain a single code-base.