How can I make a "color map" plot in matlab?

I have some data (a function of two parameters) stored in a matlab format, and I'd like to use matlab to plot it. Once I read the data in, I use mesh() to make a plot. My mesh() plot gives me the the value of the function as a color and a surface height, like this:

What matlab plotting function should I use to make a 2D mesh plot where the dependent variable is represented as only a color? I'm looking for something like pm3d map in gnuplot.

Answers


By default mesh will color surface values based on the (default) jet colormap (i.e. hot is higher). You can additionally use surf for filled surface patches and set the 'EdgeColor' property to 'None' (so the patch edges are non-visible).

[X,Y] = meshgrid(-8:.5:8);
R = sqrt(X.^2 + Y.^2) + eps;
Z = sin(R)./R;

% surface in 3D
figure;
surf(Z,'EdgeColor','None');

2D map: You can get a 2D map by switching the view property of the figure

% 2D map using view
figure;
surf(Z,'EdgeColor','None');
view(2);    

... or treating the values in Z as a matrix, viewing it as a scaled image using imagesc and selecting an appropriate colormap.

% using imagesc to view just Z
figure;
imagesc(Z); 
colormap jet; 

The color pallet of the map is controlled by colormap(map), where map can be custom or any of the built-in colormaps provided by MATLAB:

Update/Refining the map: Several design options on the map (resolution, smoothing, axis etc.) can be controlled by the regular MATLAB options. As @Floris points out, here is a smoothed, equal-axis, no-axis labels maps, adapted to this example:

figure;
surf(X, Y, Z,'EdgeColor', 'None', 'facecolor', 'interp');
view(2);
axis equal; 
axis off;


gevang's answer is great. There's another way as well to do this directly by using pcolor. Code:

[X,Y] = meshgrid(-8:.5:8);
R = sqrt(X.^2 + Y.^2) + eps;
Z = sin(R)./R;
figure;
subplot(1,3,1);
pcolor(X,Y,Z); 
subplot(1,3,2);
pcolor(X,Y,Z); shading flat;
subplot(1,3,3);
pcolor(X,Y,Z); shading interp;

Output:

Also, pcolor is flat too, as show here (pcolor is the 2d base; the 3d figure above it is generated using mesh):


Note that both pcolor and "surf + view(2)" do not show the last row and the last column of your 2D data.

On the other hand, using imagesc, you have to be careful with the axes. The surf and the imagesc examples in gevang's answer only (almost -- apart from the last row and column) correspond to each other because the 2D sinc function is symmetric.

To illustrate these 2 points, I produced the figure below with the following code:

[x, y] = meshgrid(1:10,1:5);
z      = x.^3 + y.^3;

subplot(3,1,1)
imagesc(flipud(z)), axis equal tight, colorbar
set(gca, 'YTick', 1:5, 'YTickLabel', 5:-1:1);
title('imagesc')

subplot(3,1,2)
surf(x,y,z,'EdgeColor','None'), view(2), axis equal tight, colorbar
title('surf with view(2)')

subplot(3,1,3)
imagesc(flipud(z)), axis equal tight, colorbar
axis([0.5 9.5 1.5 5.5])
set(gca, 'YTick', 1:5, 'YTickLabel', 5:-1:1);
title('imagesc cropped')

colormap jet

As you can see the 10th row and 5th column are missing in the surf plot. (You can also see this in images in the other answers.)

Note how you can use the "set(gca, 'YTick'..." (and Xtick) command to set the x and y tick labels properly if x and y are not 1:1:N.

Also note that imagesc only makes sense if your z data correspond to xs and ys are (each) equally spaced. If not you can use surf (and possibly duplicate the last column and row and one more "(end,end)" value -- although that's a kind of a dirty approach).


I also suggest using contourf(Z). For my problem, I wanted to visualize a 3D histogram in 2D, but the contours were too smooth to represent a top view of histogram bars.

So in my case, I prefer to use jucestain's answer. The default shading faceted of pcolor() is more suitable. However, pcolor() does not use the last row and column of the plotted matrix. For this, I used the padarray() function:

pcolor(padarray(Z,[1 1],0,'post'))

Sorry if that is not really related to the original post


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