Given a type instance, how to get generic type name in C#?

Given a generic type, including

List<string>
Nullable<Int32>

how do i get a generic name for C#?

var t = typeof(Nullable<DateTime>);    
var s = t.GetGenericTypeDefinition().Name + "<" + t.GetGenericArguments()[0].Name + ">";

This yields

"Nullable`1<DateTime>"

, but i need

"Nullable<DateTime>"

.

Answers


I see you already accepted an answer, but honestly, that answer isn't going to be enough to do this reliably if you just combine what's in there with what you already wrote. It's on the right track, but your code will only work for generic types with exactly one generic parameter, and it will only work when the generic type parameter itself is not generic!

This is a function (written as an extension method) that should actually work in all cases:

public static class TypeExtensions
{
    public static string ToGenericTypeString(this Type t)
    {
        if (!t.IsGenericType)
            return t.Name;
        string genericTypeName = t.GetGenericTypeDefinition().Name;
        genericTypeName = genericTypeName.Substring(0,
            genericTypeName.IndexOf('`'));
        string genericArgs = string.Join(",",
            t.GetGenericArguments()
                .Select(ta => ToGenericTypeString(ta)).ToArray());
        return genericTypeName + "<" + genericArgs + ">";
    }
}

This function is recursive and safe. If you run it on this input:

Console.WriteLine(
    typeof(Dictionary<string, List<Func<string, bool>>>)
    .ToGenericTypeString());

You get this (correct) output:

Dictionary<String,List<Func<String,Boolean>>>

While the accepted solution is good for just the name or for a non nested full name (by replacing name to full name as in @Ose E's answer), however for nested types it will still not work, and also not for arrays of generic types.

So here is a solution that will work, (but note that this solution will only set the actual arguments, only if all arguments are set, and in other words even if the declaring type has supplied type arguemts, as long as the innermost generic type has not, it will still not show up even for the base).

    public static string ToGenericTypeString(this Type t, params Type[] arg)
    {
        if (t.IsGenericParameter || t.FullName == null) return t.Name;//Generic argument stub
        bool isGeneric = t.IsGenericType || t.FullName.IndexOf('`') >= 0;//an array of generic types is not considered a generic type although it still have the genetic notation
        bool isArray = !t.IsGenericType && t.FullName.IndexOf('`') >= 0;
        Type genericType = t;
        while (genericType.IsNested && genericType.DeclaringType.GetGenericArguments().Count()==t.GetGenericArguments().Count())//Non generic class in a generic class is also considered in Type as being generic
        {
            genericType = genericType.DeclaringType;
        }
        if (!isGeneric) return t.FullName.Replace('+', '.');

        var arguments = arg.Any() ? arg : t.GetGenericArguments();//if arg has any then we are in the recursive part, note that we always must take arguments from t, since only t (the last one) will actually have the constructed type arguments and all others will just contain the generic parameters
        string genericTypeName = genericType.FullName;
        if (genericType.IsNested)
        {
            var argumentsToPass = arguments.Take(genericType.DeclaringType.GetGenericArguments().Count()).ToArray();//Only the innermost will return the actual object and only from the GetGenericArguments directly on the type, not on the on genericDfintion, and only when all parameters including of the innermost are set
            arguments = arguments.Skip(argumentsToPass.Count()).ToArray();
            genericTypeName = genericType.DeclaringType.ToGenericTypeString(argumentsToPass) + "." + genericType.Name;//Recursive
        }
        if (isArray)
        {
            genericTypeName = t.GetElementType().ToGenericTypeString() + "[]";//this should work even for multidimensional arrays
        }
        if (genericTypeName.IndexOf('`') >= 0)
        {
            genericTypeName = genericTypeName.Substring(0, genericTypeName.IndexOf('`'));
            string genericArgs = string.Join(",", arguments.Select(a => a.ToGenericTypeString()).ToArray());
                //Recursive
            genericTypeName = genericTypeName + "<" + genericArgs + ">";
            if (isArray) genericTypeName += "[]";
        }
        if (t != genericType)
        {
            genericTypeName += t.FullName.Replace(genericType.FullName, "").Replace('+','.');
        }
        if (genericTypeName.IndexOf("[") >= 0 && genericTypeName.IndexOf("]") != genericTypeName.IndexOf("[") +1) genericTypeName = genericTypeName.Substring(0, genericTypeName.IndexOf("["));//For a non generic class nested in a generic class we will still have the type parameters at the end 
        return genericTypeName;
    }

This is my solution, it's also working for nested classes and generics:

    public static string GenericTypeString(this Type t)
    {
        if (!t.IsGenericType)
        {
            return t.GetFullNameWithoutNamespace()
                    .ReplacePlusWithDotInNestedTypeName();
        }

        return t.GetGenericTypeDefinition()
                .GetFullNameWithoutNamespace()
                .ReplacePlusWithDotInNestedTypeName()
                .ReplaceGenericParametersInGenericTypeName(t);
    }

    private static string GetFullNameWithoutNamespace(this Type type)
    {
        if (type.IsGenericParameter)
        {
            return type.Name;
        }

        const int dotLength = 1;
        return type.FullName.Substring(type.Namespace.Length + dotLength);
    }

    private static string ReplacePlusWithDotInNestedTypeName(this string typeName)
    {
        return typeName.Replace('+', '.');
    }

    private static string ReplaceGenericParametersInGenericTypeName(this string typeName, Type t)
    {
        var genericArguments = t.GetGenericArguments();

        const string regexForGenericArguments = @"`[1-9]\d*";

        var rgx = new Regex(regexForGenericArguments);

        typeName = rgx.Replace(typeName, match =>
        {
            var currentGenericArgumentNumbers = int.Parse(match.Value.Substring(1));
            var currentArguments = string.Join(",", genericArguments.Take(currentGenericArgumentNumbers).Select(GenericTypeString));
            genericArguments = genericArguments.Skip(currentGenericArgumentNumbers).ToArray();
            return string.Concat("<", currentArguments, ">");
        });

        return typeName;
    }

This will result in exactly the same code result like the cs code generator. I've improved the code of yoel halb.

/// <summary>
    ///     Gets the CS Type Code for a type
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="type">The type.</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">type</exception>
    public static string GetCSTypeName(this Type type)
    {
        if (type == typeof(string))
        {
            return "string";
        }
        else if (type == typeof(object)) { return "object"; }
        else if (type == typeof(bool)) { return "bool"; }
        else if (type == typeof(char)) { return "char"; }
        else if (type == typeof(int)) { return "int"; }
        else if (type == typeof(float)) { return "float"; }
        else if (type == typeof(double)) { return "double"; }
        else if (type == typeof(long)) { return "long"; }
        else if (type == typeof(ulong)) { return "ulong"; }
        else if (type == typeof(uint)) { return "uint"; }
        else if (type == typeof(byte)) { return "byte"; }
        else if (type == typeof(Int64)) { return "Int64"; }
        else if (type == typeof(short)) { return "short"; }
        else if (type == typeof(decimal)) { return "decimal"; }
        else if (type.IsGenericType)
        {
            return $"{ToGenericTypeString(type)}";
        }
        else if (type.IsArray)
        {
            List<string> arrayLength = new List<string>();
            for (int i = 0; i < type.GetArrayRank(); i++)
            {
                arrayLength.Add("[]");
            }
            return GetCSTypeName(type.GetElementType()) + string.Join("", arrayLength).Replace("+", ".");
        }
        else
        {
            return type.FullName.Replace("+", ".");
        }
    }

    private static string ToCSReservatedWord(this Type type, bool fullName)
    {
        if (type == typeof(string))
        {
            return "string";
        }
        else if (type == typeof(object)) { return "object"; }
        else if (type == typeof(bool)) { return "bool"; }
        else if (type == typeof(char)) { return "char"; }
        else if (type == typeof(int)) { return "int"; }
        else if (type == typeof(float)) { return "float"; }
        else if (type == typeof(double)) { return "double"; }
        else if (type == typeof(long)) { return "long"; }
        else if (type == typeof(ulong)) { return "ulong"; }
        else if (type == typeof(uint)) { return "uint"; }
        else if (type == typeof(byte)) { return "byte"; }
        else if (type == typeof(Int64)) { return "Int64"; }
        else if (type == typeof(short)) { return "short"; }
        else if (type == typeof(decimal)) { return "decimal"; }
        else
        {
            if (fullName)
            {
                return type.FullName;
            }
            else
            {
                return type.Name;
            }

        }
    }

    public static string ToGenericTypeString(this Type t, params Type[] arg)
    {
        if (t.IsGenericParameter || t.FullName == null) return t.FullName;//Generic argument stub
        bool isGeneric = t.IsGenericType || t.FullName.IndexOf('`') >= 0;//an array of generic types is not considered a generic type although it still have the genetic notation
        bool isArray = !t.IsGenericType && t.FullName.IndexOf('`') >= 0;
        Type genericType = t;
        while (genericType.IsNested && genericType.DeclaringType.GetGenericArguments().Count() == t.GetGenericArguments().Count())//Non generic class in a generic class is also considered in Type as being generic
        {
            genericType = genericType.DeclaringType;
        }
        if (!isGeneric) return ToCSReservatedWord(t, true).Replace('+', '.');

        var arguments = arg.Any() ? arg : t.GetGenericArguments();//if arg has any then we are in the recursive part, note that we always must take arguments from t, since only t (the last one) will actually have the constructed type arguments and all others will just contain the generic parameters
        string genericTypeName = genericType.ToCSReservatedWord(true);
        if (genericType.IsNested)
        {
            var argumentsToPass = arguments.Take(genericType.DeclaringType.GetGenericArguments().Count()).ToArray();//Only the innermost will return the actual object and only from the GetGenericArguments directly on the type, not on the on genericDfintion, and only when all parameters including of the innermost are set
            arguments = arguments.Skip(argumentsToPass.Count()).ToArray();
            genericTypeName = genericType.DeclaringType.ToGenericTypeString(argumentsToPass) + "." + ToCSReservatedWord(genericType, false);//Recursive
        }
        if (isArray)
        {
            genericTypeName = t.GetElementType().ToGenericTypeString() + "[]";//this should work even for multidimensional arrays
        }
        if (genericTypeName.IndexOf('`') >= 0)
        {
            genericTypeName = genericTypeName.Substring(0, genericTypeName.IndexOf('`'));
            string genericArgs = string.Join(", ", arguments.Select(a => a.ToGenericTypeString()).ToArray());
            //Recursive
            genericTypeName = genericTypeName + "<" + genericArgs + ">";
            if (isArray) genericTypeName += "[]";
        }
        if (t != genericType)
        {
            genericTypeName += t.FullName.Replace(genericType.ToCSReservatedWord(true), "").Replace('+', '.');
        }
        if (genericTypeName.IndexOf("[") >= 0 && genericTypeName.IndexOf("]") != genericTypeName.IndexOf("[") + 1) genericTypeName = genericTypeName.Substring(0, genericTypeName.IndexOf("["));//For a non generic class nested in a generic class we will still have the type parameters at the end 
        return genericTypeName;
    }

this will pass the following unit test as expected.

[TestClass]
public class GetCSName
{

    private string GetCSCompilerName(Type type)
    {
        if (type == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(type));
        }
        var compiler = new CSharpCodeProvider();
        var typeRef = new CodeTypeReference(type);
        return compiler.GetTypeOutput(typeRef);
    }

    [TestMethod]
    public void TestMethod1()
    {
        List<Type> typesToTest = new List<Type>();
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(string));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(string[]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(object[]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(bool[]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(string));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(object));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(int));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(double));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(float));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(bool));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(char));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(decimal));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(decimal?[]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(decimal?[][]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Int64));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Guid));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(int?));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(double?));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(float?));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(bool?));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(char?));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(decimal?));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Int64?));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Guid?));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(List<string>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Dictionary<string, Guid>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Dictionary<string, Guid>[]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Dictionary<string, Guid?>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Dictionary<string, Dictionary<string, Guid?>>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Dictionary<string, Dictionary<string, Guid?>>[]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Dictionary<string, Dictionary<string, Guid?>>[][]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(int[]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(int[][]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(int[][][]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(int[][][][]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(int[][][][][]));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(TestClass));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(List<TestClass>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Dictionary<TestClass, TestClass>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(Dictionary<string, TestClass>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(List<Dictionary<string, TestClass>>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(List<Dictionary<string, GenericTestClass<string>>>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(GenericTestClass<string>.SecondSubType<decimal>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(GenericTestClass<string>.SecondSubType));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(GenericTestClass<string, int>.SecondSubType));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(GenericTestClass<string, Dictionary<string,int>>.SecondSubType<string>));
        typesToTest.Add(typeof(GenericTestClass<string, Dictionary<string, int>>.SecondSubType<GenericTestClass<string, Dictionary<string, int>>>));


        foreach (var t in typesToTest)
        {
            if (GetCSCompilerName(t) != t.GetCSTypeName())
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"FullName:\r\n{t.FullName}");
                Console.WriteLine("C " + GetCSCompilerName(t));
                Console.WriteLine("R " + t.GetCSTypeName());
                Console.WriteLine("Equal: " + (GetCSCompilerName(t) == t.GetCSTypeName()));
                Console.WriteLine();

                Assert.Fail($"From CSharpCodeProvider '{GetCSCompilerName(t)}' is not equal to {t.GetCSTypeName()}");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"Passed: {t.GetCSTypeName()}");
                //ignore because of equal.
            }


        }

    }

    public class TestClass
    {

    }

    public class GenericTestClass<T>
    {
        public class SecondSubType
        {

        }

        public class SecondSubType<T2>
        {

        }
    }

    public class GenericTestClass<T1,T2>
    {
        public class SecondSubType
        {

        }

        public class SecondSubType<T2>
        {

        }
    }
}

Result will be:

Passed: string
Passed: string[]
Passed: object[]
Passed: bool[]
Passed: string
Passed: object
Passed: int
Passed: double
Passed: float
Passed: bool
Passed: char
Passed: decimal
Passed: System.Nullable<decimal>[]
Passed: System.Nullable<decimal>[][]
Passed: long
Passed: System.Guid
Passed: System.Nullable<int>
Passed: System.Nullable<double>
Passed: System.Nullable<float>
Passed: System.Nullable<bool>
Passed: System.Nullable<char>
Passed: System.Nullable<decimal>
Passed: System.Nullable<long>
Passed: System.Nullable<System.Guid>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.List<string>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Guid>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Guid>[]
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Nullable<System.Guid>>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Nullable<System.Guid>>>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Nullable<System.Guid>>>[]
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, System.Nullable<System.Guid>>>[][]
Passed: int[]
Passed: int[][]
Passed: int[][][]
Passed: int[][][][]
Passed: int[][][][][]
Passed: Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.TestClass
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.List<Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.TestClass>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.TestClass, Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.TestClass>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.TestClass>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.List<System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.TestClass>>
Passed: System.Collections.Generic.List<System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.GenericTestClass<string>>>
Passed: Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.GenericTestClass<string>.SecondSubType<decimal>
Passed: Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.GenericTestClass<string>.SecondSubType
Passed: Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.GenericTestClass<string, int>.SecondSubType
Passed: Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.GenericTestClass<string, System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, int>>.SecondSubType<string>
Passed: Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.GenericTestClass<string, System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, int>>.SecondSubType<Eneon.Common.Utils.Extensions.Tests.GetCSName.GenericTestClass<string, System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, int>>>

Minor addition to @Aaronaught

public string ToGenericTypeString(Type t)
{
    if (!t.IsGenericType)
        return t.FullName;
    string genericTypeName = t.GetGenericTypeDefinition().FullName;
    genericTypeName = genericTypeName.Substring(0,
        genericTypeName.IndexOf('`'));
    string genericArgs = string.Join(",",
        t.GetGenericArguments()
            .Select(ta => ToGenericTypeString(ta)).ToArray());
    return genericTypeName + "<" + genericArgs + ">";
}

Need Your Help

batch file to check 64bit or 32bit OS

windows command-line

Can I check to see if current machine is running 64bit OS or 32bit OS inside a batch file?