PHP - cannot use a scalar as an array warning

I have the following code:

 $final = array();
    foreach ($words as $word) {
        $query = "SELECT Something";
        $result = $this->_db->fetchAll($query, "%".$word."%");
        foreach ($result as $row)
        {
            $id = $row['page_id'];
            if (!empty($final[$id][0]))
            {
                $final[$id][0] = $final[$id][0]+3;
            }
            else
            {
                $final[$id][0] = 3;
                $final[$id]['link'] = "/".$row['permalink'];
                $final[$id]['title'] = $row['title'];
            }
        } 
    }

The code SEEMS to work fine, but I get this warning:

Warning: Cannot use a scalar value as an array in line X, Y, Z (the line with: $final[$id][0] = 3, and the next 2).

Can anyone tell me how to fix this?

Answers


You need to set$final[$id] to an array before adding elements to it. Intiialize it with either

$final[$id] = array();
$final[$id][0] = 3;
$final[$id]['link'] = "/".$row['permalink'];
$final[$id]['title'] = $row['title'];

or

$final[$id] = array(0 => 3);
$final[$id]['link'] = "/".$row['permalink'];
$final[$id]['title'] = $row['title'];

A bit late, but to anyone who is wondering why they are getting the "Warning: Cannot use a scalar value as an array" message;

the reason is because somewhere you have first declared your variable with a normal integer or string and then later you are trying to turn it into an array.

hope that helps


The Other Issue I have seen on this is when nesting arrays this tends to throw the warning, consider the following:

$data = [
"rs" => null
]

this above will work absolutely fine when used like:

$data["rs"] =  5;

But the below will throw a warning ::

$data = [
    "rs" => [
       "rs1" => null;
       ]
    ]
..

$data[rs][rs1] = 2; // this will throw the warning unless assigned to an array

Also make sure that you don't declare it an array and then try to assign something else to the array like a string, float, integer. I had that problem. If you do some echos of output I was seeing what I wanted the first time, but not after another pass of the same code.


Make sure that you don't declare it as a integer, float, string or boolean before. http://php.net/manual/en/function.is-scalar.php


Need Your Help

How to connect from windows command prompt to mysql command line

mysql windows command-prompt

I'm trying to connect to mysql server command line from my windows prompt

Read utf-8 text file in vbscript

utf-8 character-encoding vbscript

I have a text file saved as UTF-8 and when I try to read the file it gives me weird characters and not the correct characters (it contains Chinese characters). How can I make it give me the correct