if condition in sql server update query

I have a SQL server table in which there are 2 columns that I want to update either of their values according to a flag sent to the stored procedure along with the new value, something like:

UPDATE
    table_Name

SET
    CASE
        WHEN @flag = '1' THEN column_A += @new_value
        WHEN @flag = '0' THEN column_B += @new_value
    END AS Total

WHERE
    ID = @ID

What is the correct SQL server code to do so??

Answers


The current answers are fine and should work ok, but what's wrong with the more simple, more obvious, and more maintainable:

IF @flag = 1
    UPDATE table_name SET column_A = column_A + @new_value WHERE ID = @ID;
ELSE
    UPDATE table_name SET column_B = column_B + @new_value WHERE ID = @ID;

This is much easier to read albeit this is a very simple query.

Here's a working example courtesy of @snyder: SqlFiddle.


Something like this should work:

UPDATE
    table_Name
SET 
  column_A = CASE WHEN @flag = '1' THEN column_A + @new_value ELSE column_A END,
  column_B = CASE WHEN @flag = '0' THEN column_B + @new_value ELSE column_B END
WHERE
    ID = @ID

Since you're using SQL 2008:

UPDATE
    table_Name

SET
    column_A  
     = CASE
        WHEN @flag = '1' THEN @new_value
        ELSE 0
    END + column_A,

    column_B  
     = CASE
        WHEN @flag = '0' THEN @new_value
        ELSE 0
    END + column_B 
WHERE
    ID = @ID

If you were using SQL 2012:

UPDATE
    table_Name
SET
    column_A  = column_A + IIF(@flag = '1', @new_value, 0),
    column_B  = column_B + IIF(@flag = '0', @new_value, 0)
WHERE
    ID = @ID

this worked great:

UPDATE
    table_Name
SET 
  column_A = CASE WHEN @flag = '1' THEN column_A + @new_value ELSE column_A END,
  column_B = CASE WHEN @flag = '0' THEN column_B + @new_value ELSE column_B END
WHERE
    ID = @ID

DECLARE @JCnt int=null
SEt @JCnt=(SELECT COUNT( ISNUll(EmpCode,0)) FROM tbl_Employees WHERE EmpCode=1  )

UPDATE #TempCode
SET janCA= CASE WHEN @JCnt>0 THEN (SELECT SUM (ISNUll(Amount,0)) FROM tbl_Salary WHERE Code=1 )ELSE 0 END
WHERE code=1

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