Force Java timezone as GMT/UTC

I need to force any time related operations to GMT/UTC, regardless the timezone set on the machine. Any convenient way to so in code?

To clarify, I'm using the DB server time for all operations, but it comes out formatted according to local timezone.

Thanks!

Answers


The OP answered this question to change the default timezone for a single instance of a running JVM, set the user.timezone system property:

java -Duser.timezone=GMT ... <main-class>

If you need to set specific time zones when retrieving Date/Time/Timestamp objects from a database ResultSet, use the second form of the getXXX methods that takes a Calendar object:

Calendar tzCal = Calendar.getInstance(TimeZone.getTimeZone("GMT"));
ResultSet rs = ...;
while (rs.next()) {
    Date dateValue = rs.getDate("DateColumn", tzCal);
    // Other fields and calculations
}

Or, setting the date in a PreparedStatement:

Calendar tzCal = Calendar.getInstance(TimeZone.getTimeZone("GMT"));
PreparedStatement ps = conn.createPreparedStatement("update ...");
ps.setDate("DateColumn", dateValue, tzCal);
// Other assignments
ps.executeUpdate();

These will ensure that the value stored in the database is consistent when the database column does not keep timezone information.

The java.util.Date and java.sql.Date classes store the actual time (milliseconds) in UTC. To format these on output to another timezone, use SimpleDateFormat. You can also associate a timezone with the value using a Calendar object:

TimeZone tz = TimeZone.getTimeZone("<local-time-zone>");
//...
Date dateValue = rs.getDate("DateColumn");
Calendar calValue = Calendar.getInstance(tz);
calValue.setTime(dateValue);

Usefull Reference

https://docs.oracle.com/javase/9/troubleshoot/time-zone-settings-jre.htm#JSTGD377

https://confluence.atlassian.com/kb/setting-the-timezone-for-the-java-environment-841187402.html


Also if you can set JVM timezone this way

System.setProperty("user.timezone", "EST");

or -Duser.timezone=GMT in the JVM args.


I had to set the JVM timezone for Windows 2003 Server because it always returned GMT for new Date();

-Duser.timezone=America/Los_Angeles

Or your appropriate time zone. Finding a list of time zones proved to be a bit challenging also...

Here are two list;

http://wrapper.tanukisoftware.com/doc/english/prop-timezone.html

http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/iseries/v5r3/index.jsp?topic=%2Frzatz%2F51%2Fadmin%2Freftz.htm


for me, just quick SimpleDateFormat,

  private static final SimpleDateFormat GMT = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
  private static final SimpleDateFormat SYD = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
  static {
      GMT.setTimeZone(TimeZone.getTimeZone("GMT"));
    SYD.setTimeZone(TimeZone.getTimeZone("Australia/Sydney"));
  }

then format the date with different timezone.


I would retrieve the time from the DB in a raw form (long timestamp or java's Date), and then use SimpleDateFormat to format it, or Calendar to manipulate it. In both cases you should set the timezone of the objects before using it.

See SimpleDateFormat.setTimeZone(..) and Calendar.setTimeZone(..) for details


You could change the timezone using TimeZone.setDefault():

TimeZone.setDefault(TimeZone.getTimeZone("GMT"))

create a pair of client / server, so that after the execution, client server sends the correct time and date. Then, the client asks the server pm GMT and the server sends back the answer right.


Wow. I know this is an ancient thread but all I can say is do not call TimeZone.setDefault() in any user-level code. This always sets the Timezone for the whole JVM and is nearly always a very bad idea. Learn to use the joda.time library or the new DateTime class in Java 8 which is very similar to the joda.time library.


Use system property:

-Duser.timezone=UTC

If you would like to get GMT time only with intiger: var currentTime = new Date(); var currentYear ='2010' var currentMonth = 10; var currentDay ='30' var currentHours ='20' var currentMinutes ='20' var currentSeconds ='00' var currentMilliseconds ='00'

currentTime.setFullYear(currentYear);
currentTime.setMonth((currentMonth-1)); //0is January
currentTime.setDate(currentDay);  
currentTime.setHours(currentHours);
currentTime.setMinutes(currentMinutes);
currentTime.setSeconds(currentSeconds);
currentTime.setMilliseconds(currentMilliseconds);

var currentTimezone = currentTime.getTimezoneOffset();
currentTimezone = (currentTimezone/60) * -1;
var gmt ="";
if (currentTimezone !== 0) {
  gmt += currentTimezone > 0 ? ' +' : ' ';
  gmt += currentTimezone;
}
alert(gmt)

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