Detect a file is closed

Is there a simple way to detect when a file for writing is closed? I have a process that kicks out a new file every 5 seconds. I can not change the code for that process. I am writing another process to analyze the contents of each file immediately when it is created. Is there a simple way to watch a certain directory to see when a file is no longer opened for writing? I'm hoping for some sort of Linux command.

Answers


you can put something on top of strace to raise your events.

try:

strace ls 2>&1 | grep "close\|open"

Using inotify is also a good idea, but will probably require more coding to get what you need.


If you know there is some particular text (line) in the file that indicates completion of writing you could easily watch for that using commands like grep

Also, you can use fuser command to find out if a file is in use.


As you are using linux as your platform you might want to have a look at the inotify syscalls. When monitoring the directory were the output files are written you will get open/close events for the files created there.

If you want to integrate this into a shell script have a look at inotifywait which is part of the inotify-tools.


You could lock the contents of your file until you're done using it.


If you know the process ID of the process that is writing the files, you can watch /proc/<pid>/fd/ to see which files it has open.


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