WCF charset=utf-8 of the response message does not match the content type of the binding (application/soap+xml; charset=utf-8)

I'm hosting a WCF service in IIS 7.5 using .NET 4.0. I also have a WPF application that I am using as my client that was built with Visual Studio 2010 and .NET 4.0. I added my service reference and when I attempt to call a function, I get the following exception

The content type application/xml; charset=utf-8 of the response message does not match the content type of the binding (application/soap+xml; charset=utf-8)

I am able to navigate to the service in a web browser and my bindings appear to be the same between the client and service (WsHttp bindings).

I know there are alot of google results about this error but none of them seemed to be relevant/help my specific problem. I tried installing Non-HTTP Activation features as well as a wide variety of other small tricks. Anybody be able to help? Thanks

edit, here are my configs (they are quite lengthy)

Client

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<configuration>
   <system.serviceModel>
      <bindings>
         <basicHttpBinding>
             <binding name="ContentSoap" 
                 closeTimeout="00:01:00" openTimeout="00:01:00"
                 receiveTimeout="00:10:00" sendTimeout="00:01:00" allowCookies="false"
                 bypassProxyOnLocal="false" hostNameComparisonMode="StrongWildcard" 
                 maxBufferSize="2147483647" maxBufferPoolSize="2147483647" 
                 maxReceivedMessageSize="2147483647"
                 messageEncoding="Text" textEncoding="utf-8" transferMode="Buffered"
                 useDefaultWebProxy="true">
                <readerQuotas maxDepth="32" maxStringContentLength="8192" 
                              maxArrayLength="2147483647"
                              maxBytesPerRead="4096" maxNameTableCharCount="16384" />
                <security mode="None">
                    <transport clientCredentialType="None" proxyCredentialType="None"
                               realm="" />
                    <message clientCredentialType="UserName" algorithmSuite="Default" />
                </security>
             </binding>
             <binding name="OrderSoap" 
                 closeTimeout="00:01:00" openTimeout="00:01:00"
                 receiveTimeout="00:10:00" sendTimeout="00:01:00" allowCookies="false"
                 bypassProxyOnLocal="false" hostNameComparisonMode="StrongWildcard"
                 maxBufferSize="65536" maxBufferPoolSize="524288" 
                 maxReceivedMessageSize="65536"
                 messageEncoding="Text" textEncoding="utf-8" transferMode="Buffered"
                 useDefaultWebProxy="true">
               <readerQuotas maxDepth="32" maxStringContentLength="8192" 
                             maxArrayLength="16384" maxBytesPerRead="4096" 
                             maxNameTableCharCount="16384" />
               <security mode="None">
                    <transport clientCredentialType="None" proxyCredentialType="None"
                               realm="" />
                    <message clientCredentialType="UserName" algorithmSuite="Default" />
               </security>
           </binding>
        </basicHttpBinding>
        <netTcpBinding>
           <binding name="NetTcpBindingEndpoint" closeTimeout="00:01:00"
               openTimeout="00:01:00" receiveTimeout="00:10:00" sendTimeout="00:01:00"
               transactionFlow="false" transferMode="Buffered"  
               transactionProtocol="OleTransactions"
               hostNameComparisonMode="StrongWildcard" listenBacklog="10"  
               maxBufferPoolSize="2147000000" maxBufferSize="65536" maxConnections="10" 
               maxReceivedMessageSize="2147000000">
              <readerQuotas maxDepth="32" maxStringContentLength="8192"  
                   maxArrayLength="2147000000" maxBytesPerRead="4096" 
                   maxNameTableCharCount="16384" />
              <reliableSession ordered="true" inactivityTimeout="00:01:00"
                               enabled="true" />
              <security mode="None">
                 <transport clientCredentialType="Windows" 
                            protectionLevel="EncryptAndSign" />
                 <message clientCredentialType="Windows" />
              </security>
           </binding>
       </netTcpBinding>
       <wsHttpBinding>
            <binding name="WSHttpBinding_IInmateCanteenServiceWeb" 
                 closeTimeout="00:01:00" openTimeout="00:01:00" 
                 receiveTimeout="00:10:00" sendTimeout="00:01:00"
                 bypassProxyOnLocal="false" transactionFlow="false"  
                 hostNameComparisonMode="StrongWildcard"
                 maxBufferPoolSize="2147483647" maxReceivedMessageSize="2147483647" 
                 messageEncoding="Text" textEncoding="utf-8" useDefaultWebProxy="true" 
                 allowCookies="false">
              <readerQuotas maxDepth="32" maxStringContentLength="8192" 
                   maxArrayLength="16384" maxBytesPerRead="4096" 
                   maxNameTableCharCount="16384" />
              <reliableSession ordered="true" inactivityTimeout="00:10:00"
                   enabled="false" />
              <security mode="Transport">
                  <transport clientCredentialType="None" proxyCredentialType="None"
                             realm="" />
              </security>
          </binding>
      </wsHttpBinding>
   </bindings>
   <client>
       <endpoint name="ContentSoap"
           address="http://media.team.twvending.net/storeservices/content.asmx"
           binding="basicHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="ContentSoap"
           contract="MediaPortContent.ContentSoap"  />
       <endpoint name="OrderSoap"
           address="http://media.team.twvending.net/storeservices/order.asmx"
           binding="basicHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="OrderSoap"
           contract="MediaPortOrder.OrderSoap"  />
       <endpoint name="NetTcpBindingEndpoint" 
           address="..."
           binding="netTcpBinding" bindingConfiguration="NetTcpBindingEndpoint"
           contract="WebCallBack.ICallbackService" />
       <endpoint name="WSHttpBinding_IInmateCanteenServiceWeb" 
           address="..."
           binding="wsHttpBinding"  
           bindingConfiguration="WSHttpBinding_IInmateCanteenServiceWeb"
           contract="InmateCanteenWeb.IInmateCanteenServiceWeb" />
       <endpoint name="WSHttpBinding_ICommAccountingBinding" 
           address="..."
           binding="wsHttpBinding" 
           bindingConfiguration="WSHttpBinding_IInmateCanteenServiceWeb"
           contract="CommAccountingWeb.ICommAccountingWeb" />
   </client>
</system.serviceModel>

and Server

<system.serviceModel>
    <behaviors>
        <endpointBehaviors>
            <behavior name="httpBehavior">
                <!--<webHttp />-->
            </behavior>
        </endpointBehaviors>
        <serviceBehaviors>
           <behavior name="ServiceBehavior">
              <serviceCredentials>
                  <clientCertificate>
                     <authentication revocationMode="NoCheck" />
                  </clientCertificate>
                  <serviceCertificate findValue="CN=secure.inmatecanteen.com" />
              </serviceCredentials>
              <serviceMetadata httpsGetEnabled="true" />
              <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="true" />
           </behavior>
           <behavior name="MexBehavior">
               <serviceMetadata httpsGetEnabled="true" />
               <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="true" />
           </behavior>
           <behavior name="HttpMexBehavior">
                <serviceMetadata httpsGetEnabled="true" />
                <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="true" />
           </behavior>
           <behavior name="BasicHttpMexBehavior">
              <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" />
              <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="true" />
           </behavior>
           <behavior name="">
                <serviceMetadata httpsGetEnabled="true" />
                <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="true" />
           </behavior>
        </serviceBehaviors>
      </behaviors>
      <serviceHostingEnvironment aspNetCompatibilityEnabled="false" 
                                 multipleSiteBindingsEnabled="true" />
      <bindings>
         <wsHttpBinding>
            <binding name="myWsHttpBinding" maxBufferPoolSize="2147483647" 
                maxReceivedMessageSize="2147483647" messageEncoding="Text">
                <readerQuotas maxDepth="32" maxStringContentLength="2147483647" 
                       maxArrayLength="2147483647" maxBytesPerRead="2147483647" 
                       maxNameTableCharCount="2147483647" />
                <security mode="Transport">
                    <transport clientCredentialType="None" />
                </security>
            </binding>
         </wsHttpBinding>
         <webHttpBinding>
             <binding name="myWebHttpBinding">
                <security mode="Transport">
                   <transport clientCredentialType="None" proxyCredentialType="None" 
                             realm=""  />
                </security>
            </binding>
         </webHttpBinding>
         <basicHttpBinding>
             <binding name="myBasicHttpBinding" maxBufferPoolSize="2147483647" 
                 maxReceivedMessageSize="2147483647">
                 <readerQuotas maxDepth="32" maxStringContentLength="2147483647" 
                        maxArrayLength="2147483647" maxBytesPerRead="2147483647" 
                        maxNameTableCharCount="2147483647" />
             </binding>
        </basicHttpBinding>
     </bindings>
     <services>
         <service name="CommAccountingWeb.CommAccountingWeb"  
                  behaviorConfiguration="HttpMexBehavior">
             <endpoint 
                 address="" 
                 behaviorConfiguration="httpBehavior" 
                 binding="webHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="myWebHttpBinding" 
                 contract="CommAccountingWeb.ICommAccountingWeb" />
             <endpoint 
                 address="mex"
                 binding="mexHttpsBinding" 
                 contract="IMetadataExchange"  />
             <host>
                <baseAddresses>
                    <add baseAddress="..."></add>
                </baseAddresses>
             </host>
         </service>
         <service name="CommAccountingWeb.CommAccountingBasic" 
                  behaviorConfiguration="BasicHttpMexBehavior">
            <endpoint 
                address="" 
                binding="basicHttpBinding" 
                bindingConfiguration="myBasicHttpBinding" 
                contract="CommAccountingWeb.ICommAccountingBasic" />
            <endpoint 
                address="mex"
                binding="mexHttpBinding"  
                contract="IMetadataExchange" />
            <host>
              <baseAddresses>
                  <add baseAddress="..." />
              </baseAddresses>
           </host>
        </service>
    </services>
</system.serviceModel>

Answers


As I suspected - your client-side config looks like this:

  <endpoint name="WSHttpBinding_ICommAccountingBinding" 
       address="https://secure.inmatecanteen.com/CommAccountingService/CommAccountingWeb.svc"
       binding="wsHttpBinding" 
       bindingConfiguration="WSHttpBinding_IInmateCanteenServiceWeb"
       contract="CommAccountingWeb.ICommAccountingWeb" />

It expects wsHttpBinding - but the server-side address it's connecting to is:

 <service name="CommAccountingWeb.CommAccountingWeb"  
          behaviorConfiguration="HttpMexBehavior">
     <endpoint 
         address="" 
         behaviorConfiguration="httpBehavior" 
         binding="webHttpBinding" bindingConfiguration="myWebHttpBinding" 
         contract="CommAccountingWeb.ICommAccountingWeb" />
     <host>
        <baseAddresses>
           <add baseAddress="https://secure.inmatecanteen.com/CommAccountingService/CommAccountingWeb.svc"></add>
        </baseAddresses>
     </host>
 </service>

and this server endpoint uses webHttpBinding.

So while the client expects a SOAP XML message (content type: application/soap+xml; charset=utf-8), the server-side endpoint is a REST endpoint which returns plain XML (content type: application/xml; charset=utf-8)

Solution: you need to make sure both the client and the server endpoint used are in sync with regards to bindings and configuration!


As one of the comments says in this question, Add ?wsdl to your client's endpoint address, and you should have more luck with the service. ?wsdl is important - it means the browser is just getting "Web Services Description Language" for the service, and not calling the service.

I had the same issue and adding ?wsdl solved my headache.


I came across a similar error while creating a client service to one of the existing server side WebService. I could rectify it using SOAP 1.1 transport protocol on the client. Somehow soap 1.2 is giving/expecting a different format. This trace back to the difference between BasicHttpBinding vs WebHttpBinding vs WsHttpBinding.


I got this problem after I added a method that returned a collection of instances of a base class that didn't have a [KnownType] attribute that would resolve to a concrete instance. With the [KnownType] attribute in place the problem disappeared.

[ServiceContract]
public interface IService {
    [OperationContract]
    IEnumerable<ItemBase> GetItems();
}

[DataContract]
// [KnownType(typeof(RealItemA))] <--- without these attributes you will get a problem
// [KnownType(typeof(RealItemB))]
public class ItemBase {
}

[DataContract]
public class RealItemA : ItemBase {
}

[DataContract]
public class RealItemB : ITemBase {
}

in my case same error was caused by missing

[datacontract] 
[datamember]

attributes in returned data type.

Error message was really misleading.


Make sure , you have not made changes in bindings, contract and endpoints generated in app.config on addition of service reference.

Add MessageEncoding as Mtom in .NET code and then check if you still get the message.

I have tried explaining creating a consumption of wcf service using soap protocol for both wshttpbinding and basichttpbinding and issues faced here : http://www.writeulearn.com/consume-wcf-soap-service-csharp/ Please go through it.


I have this error due to Different version of Syste.Web.MVC DLL. You can refer answer Here in another stack overflow question.


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