Best practice for detecting AJAX/XmlHttpRequestSupport

I am trying to update an old JavaScript function used to detect support for AJAX (i.e. the XmlHttpRequest object). I've looked online (including SO) and found various solutions but I'm not sure which is the most efficient for simply detecting support.

The current function is:

    function IsSyncAJAXSupported()
    {
        var isSyncAJAXSupported = true;

        var xmlHttp = null;
        var clsids = ["Msxml2.XMLHTTP.4.0", "MSXML2.XMLHTTP", "Microsoft.XMLHTTP"];
        for(var i=0; i<clsids.length && xmlHttp == null; i++) {
            try {
                    xmlHttp = new ActiveXObject(clsids[i]);
            } catch(e){}
        }

        if(xmlHttp == null && MS.Browser.isIE)
        {
            isSyncAJAXSupported = false;
        }
        return isSyncAJAXSupported;
    }

In Firefox 3, the above gives errors because MS is undefined.

I realise that using a library would be better but that's not an option for the short term. We are only supporting IE6 and above + recent versions of Firefox, Safari/WebKit and Opera.

What's the best way of getting a true/false for XmlHttpRequest support?

Answers


Don't!

Or rather, don't waste time doing what many other people have done better.

Try grabbing the source of jQuery or somesuch and "borrow" their methods; they've already invested the time to supporting as many browsers as possible (especially true in jQuery's case) so save yourself the time.

HTH


My preferred code for this is:

function CreateXMLHttpRequest()
{
  // Firefox and others
  try { return new XMLHttpRequest(); } catch (e) {}
  // Internet Explorer
  try { return new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP"); } catch (e) {}
  try { return new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP"); } catch (e) {}
  //alert("XMLHttpRequest not supported");
  // No luck!
  return null;
}

You can easily add tests for variants of Microsoft objects...


I've come up with this:

var xhr = null;
try { xhr = new XMLHttpRequest(); } catch (e) {}
try { xhr = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP"); } catch (e) {}
try { xhr = new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP"); } catch (e) {}
return (xhr!=null);

It seems to work so thought I'd share it.


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