Get url parameter jquery Or How to Get Query String Values In js

I have seen lots of jQuery examples where parameter size and name are unknown. My url is only going to ever have 1 string:

http://example.com?sent=yes

I just want to detect:

  1. Does sent exist?
  2. Is it equal to "yes"?

Answers


Best solution here.

var getUrlParameter = function getUrlParameter(sParam) {
    var sPageURL = window.location.search.substring(1),
        sURLVariables = sPageURL.split('&'),
        sParameterName,
        i;

    for (i = 0; i < sURLVariables.length; i++) {
        sParameterName = sURLVariables[i].split('=');

        if (sParameterName[0] === sParam) {
            return sParameterName[1] === undefined ? true : decodeURIComponent(sParameterName[1]);
        }
    }
};

And this is how you can use this function assuming the URL is, http://dummy.com/?technology=jquery&blog=jquerybyexample.

var tech = getUrlParameter('technology');
var blog = getUrlParameter('blog');

jQuery code snippet to get the dynamic variables stored in the url as parameters and store them as JavaScript variables ready for use with your scripts:

$.urlParam = function(name){
    var results = new RegExp('[\?&]' + name + '=([^&#]*)').exec(window.location.href);
    if (results==null) {
       return null;
    }
    return decodeURI(results[1]) || 0;
}

example.com?param1=name&param2=&id=6

$.urlParam('param1'); // name
$.urlParam('id');        // 6
$.urlParam('param2');   // null

example params with spaces

http://www.jquery4u.com?city=Gold Coast
console.log($.urlParam('city'));  
//output: Gold%20Coast



console.log(decodeURIComponent($.urlParam('city'))); 
//output: Gold Coast

Solution from 2019

We have: http://example.com?sent=yes

let searchParams = new URLSearchParams(window.location.search)

Does sent exist?

searchParams.has('sent') // true

Is it equal to "yes"?

let param = searchParams.get('sent')

and then just compare it.


I always stick this as one line. Now params has the vars:

params={};location.search.replace(/[?&]+([^=&]+)=([^&]*)/gi,function(s,k,v){params[k]=v})

multi-lined:

var params={};
window.location.search
  .replace(/[?&]+([^=&]+)=([^&]*)/gi, function(str,key,value) {
    params[key] = value;
  }
);

as a function

function getSearchParams(k){
 var p={};
 location.search.replace(/[?&]+([^=&]+)=([^&]*)/gi,function(s,k,v){p[k]=v})
 return k?p[k]:p;
}

which you could use as:

getSearchParams()  //returns {key1:val1, key2:val2}

or

getSearchParams("key1")  //returns val1

May be its too late. But this method is very easy and simple

<script type="text/javascript" src="jquery.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="jquery.url.js"></script>

<!-- URL:  www.example.com/correct/?message=done&year=1990 -->

<script type="text/javascript">
$(function(){
    $.url.attr('protocol')  // --> Protocol: "http"
    $.url.attr('path')      // --> host: "www.example.com"
    $.url.attr('query')         // --> path: "/correct/"
    $.url.attr('message')       // --> query: "done"
    $.url.attr('year')      // --> query: "1990"
});

UPDATE Requires the url plugin : plugins.jquery.com/url Thanks -Ripounet


Yet another alternative function...

function param(name) {
    return (location.search.split(name + '=')[1] || '').split('&')[0];
}

Or you can use this neat little function, because why overcomplicated solutions?

function getQueryParam(param) {
    location.search.substr(1)
        .split("&")
        .some(function(item) { // returns first occurence and stops
            return item.split("=")[0] == param && (param = item.split("=")[1])
        })
    return param
}

which looks even better when simplified and onelined:

tl;dr one-line solution

var queryDict = {};
location.search.substr(1).split("&").forEach(function(item) {queryDict[item.split("=")[0]] = item.split("=")[1]})
result:
queryDict['sent'] // undefined or 'value'
But what if you have got encoded characters or multivalued keys?

You better see this answer: How can I get query string values in JavaScript?

Sneak peak

"?a=1&b=2&c=3&d&e&a=5&a=t%20e%20x%20t&e=http%3A%2F%2Fw3schools.com%2Fmy%20test.asp%3Fname%3Dståle%26car%3Dsaab"
> queryDict
a: ["1", "5", "t e x t"]
b: ["2"]
c: ["3"]
d: [undefined]
e: [undefined, "http://w3schools.com/my test.asp?name=ståle&car=saab"]

> queryDict["a"][1] // "5"
> queryDict.a[1] // "5"

Using URLSearchParams:

var params = new window.URLSearchParams(window.location.search);
console.log(params.get('name'));

Be careful about the compatibility (Mostly it's fine, but IE and Edge, may be different story, check this for compatible reference: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/URLSearchParams)


Perhaps you might want to give Dentist JS a look? (disclaimer: I wrote the code)

code:

document.URL == "http://helloworld.com/quotes?id=1337&author=kelvin&message=hello"
var currentURL = document.URL;
var params = currentURL.extract();
console.log(params.id); // 1337
console.log(params.author) // "kelvin"
console.log(params.message) // "hello"

with Dentist JS, you can basically call the extract() function on all strings (e.g., document.URL.extract() ) and you get back a HashMap of all parameters found. It's also customizable to deal with delimiters and all.

Minified version < 1kb


This one is simple and worked for me

$.urlParam = function(name){
    var results = new RegExp('[\?&]' + name + '=([^&#]*)').exec(window.location.href);
    return results[1] || 0;
}

so if your url is http://www.yoursite.com?city=4

try this

console.log($.urlParam('city'));

function GetRequestParam(param)
{
	var res = null;
	try{
		var qs = decodeURIComponent(window.location.search.substring(1));//get everything after then '?' in URI
		var ar = qs.split('&');
		$.each(ar, function(a, b){
			var kv = b.split('=');
			if(param === kv[0]){
				res = kv[1];
				return false;//break loop
			}
		});
	}catch(e){}
	return res;
}

I hope this will help.

 <script type="text/javascript">
   function getParameters() {
     var searchString = window.location.search.substring(1),
       params = searchString.split("&"),
       hash = {};

     if (searchString == "") return {};
     for (var i = 0; i < params.length; i++) {
       var val = params[i].split("=");
       hash[unescape(val[0])] = unescape(val[1]);
     }

     return hash;
   }

    $(window).load(function() {
      var param = getParameters();
      if (typeof param.sent !== "undefined") {
        // Do something.
      }
    });
</script>

There's this great library: https://github.com/allmarkedup/purl

which allows you to do simply

url = 'http://example.com?sent=yes';
sent = $.url(url).param('sent');
if (typeof sent != 'undefined') { // sent exists
   if (sent == 'yes') { // sent is equal to yes
     // ...
   }
}

The example is assuming you're using jQuery. You could also use it just as plain javascript, the syntax would then be a little different.


This might be overkill, but there is a pretty popular library now available for parsing URIs, called URI.js.

Example

var uri = "http://example.org/foo.html?technology=jquery&technology=css&blog=stackoverflow";
var components = URI.parse(uri);
var query = URI.parseQuery(components['query']);
document.getElementById("result").innerHTML = "URI = " + uri;
document.getElementById("result").innerHTML += "<br>technology = " + query['technology'];

// If you look in your console, you will see that this library generates a JS array for multi-valued queries!
console.log(query['technology']);
console.log(query['blog']);
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/URI.js/1.17.0/URI.min.js"></script>

<span id="result"></span>

So simple you can use any url and get value

function getParameterByName(name, url) {
    if (!url) url = window.location.href;
    name = name.replace(/[\[\]]/g, "\\$&");
    var regex = new RegExp("[?&]" + name + "(=([^&#]*)|&|#|$)"),
    results = regex.exec(url);
    if (!results) return null;
    if (!results[2]) return '';
    return decodeURIComponent(results[2].replace(/\+/g, " "));
}

Usage Example

// query string: ?first=value1&second=&value2
var foo = getParameterByName('first'); // "value1"
var bar = getParameterByName('second'); // "value2" 

Note: If a parameter is present several times (?first=value1&second=value2), you will get the first value (value1) and second value as (value2).


Try this working demo http://jsfiddle.net/xy7cX/

API:

This should help :)

code

var url = "http://myurl.com?sent=yes"

var pieces = url.split("?");
alert(pieces[1] + " ===== " + $.inArray("sent=yes", pieces));

This will give you a nice object to work with

    function queryParameters () {
        var result = {};

        var params = window.location.search.split(/\?|\&/);

        params.forEach( function(it) {
            if (it) {
                var param = it.split("=");
                result[param[0]] = param[1];
            }
        });

        return result;
    }

And then;

    if (queryParameters().sent === 'yes') { .....

This is based on Gazoris's answer, but URL decodes the parameters so they can be used when they contain data other than numbers and letters:

function urlParam(name){
    var results = new RegExp('[\?&]' + name + '=([^&#]*)').exec(window.location.href);
    // Need to decode the URL parameters, including putting in a fix for the plus sign
    // https://stackoverflow.com/a/24417399
    return results ? decodeURIComponent(results[1].replace(/\+/g, '%20')) : null;
}

There is another example with using URI.js library.

Example answers the questions exactly as asked.

var url = 'http://example.com?sent=yes';
var urlParams = new URI(url).search(true);
// 1. Does sent exist?
var sendExists = urlParams.sent !== undefined;
// 2. Is it equal to "yes"?
var sendIsEqualtToYes = urlParams.sent == 'yes';

// output results in readable form
// not required for production
if (sendExists) {
  console.log('Url has "sent" param, its value is "' + urlParams.sent + '"');
  if (urlParams.sent == 'yes') {
    console.log('"Sent" param is equal to "yes"');
  } else {
    console.log('"Sent" param is not equal to "yes"');
  }
} else {
  console.log('Url hasn\'t "sent" param');
}
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/URI.js/1.18.2/URI.min.js"></script>

http://example.com?sent=yes

Best solution here.

function getUrlParameter(name) {
    name = name.replace(/[\[]/, '\\[').replace(/[\]]/, '\\]');
    var regex = new RegExp('[\\?&]' + name + '=([^&#]*)');
    var results = regex.exec(location.href);
    return results === null ? '' : decodeURIComponent(results[1].replace(/\+/g, '    '));
};

With the function above, you can get individual parameter values:

getUrlParameter('sent');

Coffeescript version of Sameer's answer

getUrlParameter = (sParam) ->
  sPageURL = window.location.search.substring(1)
  sURLVariables = sPageURL.split('&')
  i = 0
  while i < sURLVariables.length
    sParameterName = sURLVariables[i].split('=')
    if sParameterName[0] == sParam
      return sParameterName[1]
    i++

A slight improvement to Sameer's answer, cache params into closure to avoid parsing and looping through all parameters each time calling

var getURLParam = (function() {
    var paramStr = decodeURIComponent(window.location.search).substring(1);
    var paramSegs = paramStr.split('&');
    var params = [];
    for(var i = 0; i < paramSegs.length; i++) {
        var paramSeg = paramSegs[i].split('=');
        params[paramSeg[0]] = paramSeg[1];
    }
    console.log(params);
    return function(key) {
        return params[key];
    }
})();

I use this and it works. http://codesheet.org/codesheet/NF246Tzs

function getUrlVars() {
    var vars = {};
    var parts = window.location.href.replace(/[?&]+([^=&]+)=([^&]*)/gi, function(m,key,value) {
    vars[key] = value;
    });
return vars;
}


var first = getUrlVars()["id"];

With vanilla JavaScript, you could easily take the params (location.search), get the substring (without the ?) and turn it into an array, by splitting it by '&'.

As you iterate through urlParams, you could then split the string again with '=' and add it to the 'params' object as object[elmement[0]] = element[1]. Super simple and easy to access.

http://www.website.com/?error=userError&type=handwritten

            var urlParams = location.search.substring(1).split('&'),
                params = {};

            urlParams.forEach(function(el){
                var tmpArr = el.split('=');
                params[tmpArr[0]] = tmpArr[1];
            });


            var error = params['error'];
            var type = params['type'];

What if there is & in URL parameter like filename="p&g.html"&uid=66

In this case the 1st function will not work properly. So I modified the code

function getUrlParameter(sParam) {
    var sURLVariables = window.location.search.substring(1).split('&'), sParameterName, i;

    for (i = 0; i < sURLVariables.length; i++) {
        sParameterName = sURLVariables[i].split('=');

        if (sParameterName[0] === sParam) {
            return sParameterName[1] === undefined ? true : decodeURIComponent(sParameterName[1]);
        }
    }
}

Admittedly I'm adding my answer to an over-answered question, but this has the advantages of:

-- Not depending on any outside libraries, including jQuery

-- Not polluting global function namespace, by extending 'String'

-- Not creating any global data and doing unnecessary processing after match found

-- Handling encoding issues, and accepting (assuming) non-encoded parameter name

-- Avoiding explicit for loops

String.prototype.urlParamValue = function() {
    var desiredVal = null;
    var paramName = this.valueOf();
    window.location.search.substring(1).split('&').some(function(currentValue, _, _) {
        var nameVal = currentValue.split('=');
        if ( decodeURIComponent(nameVal[0]) === paramName ) {
            desiredVal = decodeURIComponent(nameVal[1]);
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    });
    return desiredVal;
};

Then you'd use it as:

var paramVal = "paramName".urlParamValue() // null if no match

If you want to find a specific parameter from a specific url:

function findParam(url, param){
  var check = "" + param;
  if(url.search(check )>=0){
      return url.substring(url.search(check )).split('&')[0].split('=')[1];
  }
}  

var url = "http://www.yourdomain.com/example?id=1&order_no=114&invoice_no=254";  
alert(findParam(url,"order_no"));

Another solution that uses jQuery and JSON, so you can access the parameter values through an object.

var loc = window.location.href;
var param = {};
if(loc.indexOf('?') > -1)
{
    var params = loc.substr(loc.indexOf('?')+1, loc.length).split("&");

    var stringJson = "{";
    for(var i=0;i<params.length;i++)
    {
        var propVal = params[i].split("=");
        var paramName = propVal[0];
        var value = propVal[1];
        stringJson += "\""+paramName+"\": \""+value+"\"";
        if(i != params.length-1) stringJson += ",";
    }
    stringJson += "}";
    // parse string with jQuery parseJSON
    param = $.parseJSON(stringJson);
}

Assuming your URL is http://example.com/?search=hello+world&language=en&page=3

After that it's only a matter of using the parameters like this:

param.language

to return

en

The most useful usage of this is to run it at page load and make use of a global variable to use the parameters anywhere you might need them.

If your parameter contains numeric values then just parse the value.

parseInt(param.page)

If there are no parameters param will just be an empty object.


$.urlParam = function(name) {
  var results = new RegExp('[\?&amp;]' + name + '=([^&amp;#]*)').exec(window.location.href);
  return results[1] || 0;
}

use this

$.urlParam = function(name) {
  var results = new RegExp('[\?&amp;]' + name + '=([^&amp;#]*)').exec(window.location.href);
  return results[1] || 0;
}

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