asyncio python with serial device takes 100% CPU

When I run this little main from rfxcom python library :

from asyncio import get_event_loop
from rfxcom.transport import AsyncioTransport

dev_name = '/dev/serial/by-id/usb-RFXCOM_RFXtrx433_A1XZI13O-if00-port0'
loop = get_event_loop()

def handler(packet):
    print(packet.data)

try:
    rfxcom = AsyncioTransport(dev_name, loop, callback=handler)
    loop.run_forever()
finally:
    loop.close()

I see that CPU usage is getting very hight (around 100%). I can't understand why : there is very few messages (~ 1 message every 5 seconds) received by the module, and I thought that when epoll_wait was called then the CPU should be idled, waiting for the next event.

I launched the main with python cProfile, and it shows this :

In [4]: s.sort_stats('time', 'module').print_stats(50)
Mon Jul 20 22:20:55 2015    rfxcom_profile.log

     263629453 function calls (263628703 primitive calls) in 145.437 seconds

   Ordered by: internal time, file name
   List reduced from 857 to 50 due to restriction <50>

   ncalls  tottime  percall  cumtime  percall filename:lineno(function)
 13178675   37.280    0.000  141.337    0.000 /usr/local/lib/python3.4/asyncio/base_events.py:1076(_run_once)
 13178675   31.114    0.000   53.230    0.000 /usr/local/lib/python3.4/selectors.py:415(select)
 13178674   15.115    0.000   32.253    0.000 /usr/local/lib/python3.4/asyncio/selector_events.py:479(_process_events)
 13178675   12.582    0.000   12.582    0.000 {method 'poll' of 'select.epoll' objects}
 13178699   11.462    0.000   17.138    0.000 /usr/local/lib/python3.4/asyncio/base_events.py:1058(_add_callback)
 13178732    6.397    0.000   11.397    0.000 /usr/local/lib/python3.4/asyncio/events.py:118(_run)
 26359349    4.872    0.000    4.872    0.000 {built-in method isinstance}
        1    4.029    4.029  145.365  145.365 /usr/local/lib/python3.4/asyncio/base_events.py:267(run_forever)
 13178669    4.010    0.000    4.913    0.000 /home/bruno/src/DomoPyc/venv/lib/python3.4/site-packages/rfxcom-0.3.0-py3.4.egg/rfxcom/transport/asyncio.py:85(_writer)

So the first three function calls in term of elapsed time are python3.4/asyncio/base_events.py, python3.4/selectors.py and python3.4/asyncio/selector_events.py.

EDIT : the time command on a similar run gives :

time python -m cProfile -o rfxcom_profile.log rfxcom_profile.py
real    2m24.548s
user    2m19.892s
sys     0m4.113s

Can someone explain me why ?

EDIT2: As the the number of fonctions calls is very high, I made a strace of the process and found that there is a loop on epoll_wait with a timeout value of 2ms :

// many lines like this :
epoll_wait(4, {{EPOLLOUT, {u32=7, u64=537553536922157063}}}, 2, -1) = 1    

I saw in base_event._run_once that the timeout is calculated, but I can't figure it out. I don't know how to set this timeout higher to lower the CPU.

If someone has a clue...

Thank you for your answers.

Answers


I answer my question as it may be usefull for others.

After having set the environment variable PYTHONASYNCIODEBUG to 1, there was lines and lines like :

 DEBUG:asyncio:poll took 0.006 ms: 1 events

In the Rfxcom library there is a writer mechanism with a queue to push data to the serial device. The intention was I think "asyncio, tell me when I can write, and then I'll flush the write queue". So there was a line like this :

self.loop.call_soon(self.loop.add_writer, self.dev.fd, self._writer)

self.dev is the Serial class instance and self.dev.fd is the serial file descriptor.

As the doc says "add_writer(fd, callback, *args) : Start watching the file descriptor for write availability".

I thought that a serial device was always available for writing so I made a little script:

logger = logging.getLogger()
logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)

loop = get_event_loop()

def writer_cb():
    logger.info("writer cb called")

s = Serial('/dev/serial/by-id/usb-RFXCOM_RFXtrx433_A1XZI13O-if00-port0', 38400, timeout=1)

loop.add_writer(s.fd, writer_cb)
loop.run_forever()

And saw the lines looping endlessly, bringing CPU to 100%:

DEBUG:asyncio:poll took 0.006 ms: 1 events
INFO:root:writer cb called

So I think there is no need to put a writer callback, but simply call write on the serial device.


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