Copying files from one directory to another in Java

I want to copy files from one directory to another (subdirectory) using Java. I have a directory, dir, with text files. I iterate over the first 20 files in dir, and want to copy them to another directory in the dir directory, which I have created right before the iteration. In the code, I want to copy the review (which represents the ith text file or review) to trainingDir. How can I do this? There seems not to be such a function (or I couldn't find). Thank you.

boolean success = false;
File[] reviews = dir.listFiles();
String trainingDir = dir.getAbsolutePath() + "/trainingData";
File trDir = new File(trainingDir);
success = trDir.mkdir();
for(int i = 1; i <= 20; i++) {
    File review = reviews[i];

}

Answers


For now this should solve your problem

File source = new File("H:\\work-temp\\file");
File dest = new File("H:\\work-temp\\file2");
try {
    FileUtils.copyDirectory(source, dest);
} catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}

FileUtils class from apache commons-io library, available since version 1.2.

Using third party tools instead of writing all utilities by ourself seems to be a better idea. It can save time and other valuable resources.


There is no file copy method in the Standard API (yet). Your options are:

  • Write it yourself, using a FileInputStream, a FileOutputStream and a buffer to copy bytes from one to the other - or better yet, use FileChannel.transferTo()
  • User Apache Commons' FileUtils
  • Wait for NIO2 in Java 7

In Java 7, there is a standard method to copy files in java:

Files.copy.

It integrates with O/S native I/O for high performance.

See my A on Standard concise way to copy a file in Java? for a full description of usage.


The example below from Java Tips is rather straight forward. I have since switched to Groovy for operations dealing with the file system - much easier and elegant. But here is the Java Tips one I used in the past. It lacks the robust exception handling that is required to make it fool-proof.

 public void copyDirectory(File sourceLocation , File targetLocation)
    throws IOException {

        if (sourceLocation.isDirectory()) {
            if (!targetLocation.exists()) {
                targetLocation.mkdir();
            }

            String[] children = sourceLocation.list();
            for (int i=0; i<children.length; i++) {
                copyDirectory(new File(sourceLocation, children[i]),
                        new File(targetLocation, children[i]));
            }
        } else {

            InputStream in = new FileInputStream(sourceLocation);
            OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(targetLocation);

            // Copy the bits from instream to outstream
            byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
            int len;
            while ((len = in.read(buf)) > 0) {
                out.write(buf, 0, len);
            }
            in.close();
            out.close();
        }
    }

If you want to copy a file and not move it you can code like this.

private static void copyFile(File sourceFile, File destFile)
        throws IOException {
    if (!sourceFile.exists()) {
        return;
    }
    if (!destFile.exists()) {
        destFile.createNewFile();
    }
    FileChannel source = null;
    FileChannel destination = null;
    source = new FileInputStream(sourceFile).getChannel();
    destination = new FileOutputStream(destFile).getChannel();
    if (destination != null && source != null) {
        destination.transferFrom(source, 0, source.size());
    }
    if (source != null) {
        source.close();
    }
    if (destination != null) {
        destination.close();
    }

}

apache commons Fileutils is handy. you can do below activities.

  1. copying file from one directory to another directory.

    use copyFileToDirectory(File srcFile, File destDir)

  2. copying directory from one directory to another directory.

    use copyDirectory(File srcDir, File destDir)

  3. copying contents of one file to another

    use static void copyFile(File srcFile, File destFile)


Spring Framework has many similar util classes like Apache Commons Lang. So there is org.springframework.util.FileSystemUtils

File src = new File("/home/user/src");
File dest = new File("/home/user/dest");
FileSystemUtils.copyRecursively(src, dest);

File sourceFile = new File("C:\\Users\\Demo\\Downloads\\employee\\"+img);
File destinationFile = new File("\\images\\" + sourceFile.getName());

FileInputStream fileInputStream = new FileInputStream(sourceFile);
FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(
                destinationFile);

int bufferSize;
byte[] bufffer = new byte[512];
while ((bufferSize = fileInputStream.read(bufffer)) > 0) {
    fileOutputStream.write(bufffer, 0, bufferSize);
}
fileInputStream.close();
fileOutputStream.close();

You seem to be looking for the simple solution (a good thing). I recommend using Apache Common's FileUtils.copyDirectory:

Copies a whole directory to a new location preserving the file dates.

This method copies the specified directory and all its child directories and files to the specified destination. The destination is the new location and name of the directory.

The destination directory is created if it does not exist. If the destination directory did exist, then this method merges the source with the destination, with the source taking precedence.

Your code could like nice and simple like this:

File trgDir = new File("/tmp/myTarget/");
File srcDir = new File("/tmp/mySource/");

FileUtils.copyDirectory(srcDir, trgDir);

import static java.nio.file.StandardCopyOption.*;
...
Files.copy(source, target, REPLACE_EXISTING);

Source: https://docs.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/essential/io/copy.html


Apache commons FileUtils will be handy, if you want only to move files from the source to target directory rather than copy the whole directory, you can do:

for (File srcFile: srcDir.listFiles()) {
    if (srcFile.isDirectory()) {
        FileUtils.copyDirectoryToDirectory(srcFile, dstDir);
    } else {
        FileUtils.copyFileToDirectory(srcFile, dstDir);
    }
}

If you want to skip directories, you can do:

for (File srcFile: srcDir.listFiles()) {
    if (!srcFile.isDirectory()) {
        FileUtils.copyFileToDirectory(srcFile, dstDir);
    }
}

Below is Brian's modified code which copies files from source location to destination location.

public class CopyFiles {
 public static void copyFiles(File sourceLocation , File targetLocation)
    throws IOException {

        if (sourceLocation.isDirectory()) {
            if (!targetLocation.exists()) {
                targetLocation.mkdir();
            }
            File[] files = sourceLocation.listFiles();
            for(File file:files){
                InputStream in = new FileInputStream(file);
                OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(targetLocation+"/"+file.getName());

                // Copy the bits from input stream to output stream
                byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
                int len;
                while ((len = in.read(buf)) > 0) {
                    out.write(buf, 0, len);
                }
                in.close();
                out.close();
            }            
        }
    }

Inspired by Mohit's answer in this thread. Applicable only for Java 8.

The following can be used to copy everything recursively from one folder to another:

public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    Path source = Paths.get("/path/to/source/dir");
    Path destination = Paths.get("/path/to/dest/dir");

    List<Path> sources = Files.walk(source).collect(toList());
    List<Path> destinations = sources.stream()
            .map(source::relativize)
            .map(destination::resolve)
            .collect(toList());

    for (int i = 0; i < sources.size(); i++) {
        Files.copy(sources.get(i), destinations.get(i));
    }
}

Stream-style FTW.


You can workaround with copy the source file to a new file and delete the original.

public class MoveFileExample {

 public static void main(String[] args) {   

    InputStream inStream = null;
    OutputStream outStream = null;

    try {

        File afile = new File("C:\\folderA\\Afile.txt");
        File bfile = new File("C:\\folderB\\Afile.txt");

        inStream = new FileInputStream(afile);
        outStream = new FileOutputStream(bfile);

        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];

        int length;
        //copy the file content in bytes 
        while ((length = inStream.read(buffer)) > 0) {
            outStream.write(buffer, 0, length);
        }

        inStream.close();
        outStream.close();

        //delete the original file
        afile.delete();

        System.out.println("File is copied successful!");

    } catch(IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
 }
}

Use

org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils

It's so handy


File dir = new File("D:\\mital\\filestore");
File[] files = dir.listFiles(new File_Filter("*"+ strLine + "*.txt"));
for (File file : files){    
    System.out.println(file.getName());

    try {
        String sourceFile=dir+"\\"+file.getName();
        String destinationFile="D:\\mital\\storefile\\"+file.getName();
        FileInputStream fileInputStream = new FileInputStream(sourceFile);
        FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(
                        destinationFile);
        int bufferSize;
        byte[] bufffer = new byte[512];
        while ((bufferSize = fileInputStream.read(bufffer)) > 0) {
            fileOutputStream.write(bufffer, 0, bufferSize);
        }
        fileInputStream.close();
        fileOutputStream.close();
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

Java 8

Path sourcepath = Paths.get("C:\\data\\temp\\mydir");
        Path destinationepath = Paths.get("C:\\data\\temp\\destinationDir");        
        Files.walk(sourcepath)
             .forEach(source -> copy(source, destinationepath.resolve(sourcepath.relativize(source)))); 

Copy Method

static void copy(Path source, Path dest) {
        try {
            Files.copy(source, dest, StandardCopyOption.REPLACE_EXISTING);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
    }

The NIO classes make this pretty simple.

http://www.javalobby.org/java/forums/t17036.html


i use the following code to transfer a uploaded CommonMultipartFile to a folder and copy that file to a destination folder in webapps (i.e) web project folder,

    String resourcepath = "C:/resources/images/" + commonsMultipartFile.getOriginalFilename();

    File file = new File(resourcepath);
    commonsMultipartFile.transferTo(file);

    //Copy File to a Destination folder
    File destinationDir = new File("C:/Tomcat/webapps/myProject/resources/images/");
    FileUtils.copyFileToDirectory(file, destinationDir);

Copy file from one directory to another directory...

FileChannel source=new FileInputStream(new File("source file path")).getChannel();
FileChannel desti=new FileOutputStream(new File("destination file path")).getChannel();
desti.transferFrom(source, 0, source.size());
source.close();
desti.close();

here is simply a java code to copy data from one folder to another, you have to just give the input of the source and destination.

import java.io.*;

public class CopyData {
static String source;
static String des;

static void dr(File fl,boolean first) throws IOException
{
    if(fl.isDirectory())
    {
        createDir(fl.getPath(),first);
        File flist[]=fl.listFiles();
        for(int i=0;i<flist.length;i++)
        {

            if(flist[i].isDirectory())
            {
                dr(flist[i],false);
            }

            else
            {

                copyData(flist[i].getPath());
            }
        }
    }

    else
    {
        copyData(fl.getPath());
    }
}

private static void copyData(String name) throws IOException {

        int i;
        String str=des;
        for(i=source.length();i<name.length();i++)
        {
            str=str+name.charAt(i);
        }
        System.out.println(str);
        FileInputStream fis=new FileInputStream(name);
        FileOutputStream fos=new FileOutputStream(str);
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int noOfBytes = 0;
         while ((noOfBytes = fis.read(buffer)) != -1) {
             fos.write(buffer, 0, noOfBytes);
         }


}

private static void createDir(String name, boolean first) {

    int i;

    if(first==true)
    {
        for(i=name.length()-1;i>0;i--)
        {
            if(name.charAt(i)==92)
            {
                break;
            }
        }

        for(;i<name.length();i++)
        {
            des=des+name.charAt(i);
        }
    }
    else
    {
        String str=des;
        for(i=source.length();i<name.length();i++)
        {
            str=str+name.charAt(i);
        }
        (new File(str)).mkdirs();
    }

}

public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
{
    BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
    System.out.println("program to copy data from source to destination \n");
    System.out.print("enter source path : ");
    source=br.readLine();
    System.out.print("enter destination path : ");
    des=br.readLine();
    long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
    dr(new File(source),true);
    long endTime   = System.currentTimeMillis();
    long time=endTime-startTime;
    System.out.println("\n\n Time taken = "+time+" mili sec");
}

}

this a working code for what you want..let me know if it helped


You can use the following code to copy files from one directory to another

// parent folders of dest must exist before calling this function
public static void copyTo( File src, File dest ) throws IOException {
     // recursively copy all the files of src folder if src is a directory
     if( src.isDirectory() ) {
         // creating parent folders where source files is to be copied
         dest.mkdirs();
         for( File sourceChild : src.listFiles() ) {
             File destChild = new File( dest, sourceChild.getName() );
             copyTo( sourceChild, destChild );
         }
     } 
     // copy the source file
     else {
         InputStream in = new FileInputStream( src );
         OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream( dest );
         writeThrough( in, out );
         in.close();
         out.close();
     }
 }

    File file = fileChooser.getSelectedFile();
    String selected = fc.getSelectedFile().getAbsolutePath();
     File srcDir = new File(selected);
     FileInputStream fii;
     FileOutputStream fio;
    try {
         fii = new FileInputStream(srcDir);
         fio = new FileOutputStream("C:\\LOvE.txt");
         byte [] b=new byte[1024];
         int i=0;
        try {
            while ((fii.read(b)) > 0)
            {

              System.out.println(b);
              fio.write(b);
            }
            fii.close();
            fio.close();

following code to copy files from one directory to another

File destFile = new File(targetDir.getAbsolutePath() + File.separator
    + file.getName());
try {
  showMessage("Copying " + file.getName());
  in = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(file));
  out = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(destFile));
  int n;
  while ((n = in.read()) != -1) {
    out.write(n);
  }
  showMessage("Copied " + file.getName());
} catch (Exception e) {
  showMessage("Cannot copy file " + file.getAbsolutePath());
} finally {
  if (in != null)
    try {
      in.close();
    } catch (Exception e) {
    }
  if (out != null)
    try {
      out.close();
    } catch (Exception e) {
    }
}

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

public class CopyFiles {
    private File targetFolder;
    private int noOfFiles;
    public void copyDirectory(File sourceLocation, String destLocation)
            throws IOException {
        targetFolder = new File(destLocation);
        if (sourceLocation.isDirectory()) {
            if (!targetFolder.exists()) {
                targetFolder.mkdir();
            }

            String[] children = sourceLocation.list();
            for (int i = 0; i < children.length; i++) {
                copyDirectory(new File(sourceLocation, children[i]),
                        destLocation);

            }
        } else {

            InputStream in = new FileInputStream(sourceLocation);
            OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(targetFolder + "\\"+ sourceLocation.getName(), true);
            System.out.println("Destination Path ::"+targetFolder + "\\"+ sourceLocation.getName());            
            // Copy the bits from instream to outstream
            byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
            int len;
            while ((len = in.read(buf)) > 0) {
                out.write(buf, 0, len);
            }
            in.close();
            out.close();
            noOfFiles++;
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        File srcFolder = new File("C:\\sourceLocation\\");
        String destFolder = new String("C:\\targetLocation\\");
        CopyFiles cf = new CopyFiles();
        cf.copyDirectory(srcFolder, destFolder);
        System.out.println("No Of Files got Retrieved from Source ::"+cf.noOfFiles);
        System.out.println("Successfully Retrieved");
    }
}

Not even that complicated and no imports required in Java 7:

The renameTo( ) method changes the name of a file:

public boolean renameTo( File destination)

For example, to change the name of the file src.txt in the current working directory to dst.txt, you would write:

File src = new File(" src.txt"); File dst = new File(" dst.txt"); src.renameTo( dst); 

That's it.

Reference:

Harold, Elliotte Rusty (2006-05-16). Java I/O (p. 393). O'Reilly Media. Kindle Edition.


You can use the following code to copy files from one directory to another

public static void copyFile(File sourceFile, File destFile) throws IOException {
        InputStream in = null;
        OutputStream out = null;
        try {
            in = new FileInputStream(sourceFile);
            out = new FileOutputStream(destFile);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
            int length;
            while ((length = in.read(buffer)) > 0) {
                out.write(buffer, 0, length);
            }
        } catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        finally {
            in.close();
            out.close();
        }
    }

Following recursive function I have written, if it helps anyone. It will copy all the files inside sourcedirectory to destinationDirectory.

example:

rfunction("D:/MyDirectory", "D:/MyDirectoryNew", "D:/MyDirectory");

public static void rfunction(String sourcePath, String destinationPath, String currentPath) {
    File file = new File(currentPath);
    FileInputStream fi = null;
    FileOutputStream fo = null;

    if (file.isDirectory()) {
        String[] fileFolderNamesArray = file.list();
        File folderDes = new File(destinationPath);
        if (!folderDes.exists()) {
            folderDes.mkdirs();
        }

        for (String fileFolderName : fileFolderNamesArray) {
            rfunction(sourcePath, destinationPath + "/" + fileFolderName, currentPath + "/" + fileFolderName);
        }
    } else {
        try {
            File destinationFile = new File(destinationPath);

            fi = new FileInputStream(file);
            fo = new FileOutputStream(destinationPath);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
            int ind = 0;
            while ((ind = fi.read(buffer))>0) {
                fo.write(buffer, 0, ind);
            }
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        finally {
            if (null != fi) {
                try {
                    fi.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (null != fo) {
                try {
                    fo.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

If you don't want to use external libraries and you want to use the java.io instead of java.nio classes, you can use this concise method to copy a folder and all its content:

/**
 * Copies a folder and all its content to another folder. Do not include file separator at the end path of the folder destination.
 * @param folderToCopy The folder and it's content that will be copied
 * @param folderDestination The folder destination
 */
public static void copyFolder(File folderToCopy, File folderDestination) {
    if(!folderDestination.isDirectory() || !folderToCopy.isDirectory())
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("The folderToCopy and folderDestination must be directories");

    folderDestination.mkdirs();

    for(File fileToCopy : folderToCopy.listFiles()) {
        File copiedFile = new File(folderDestination + File.separator + fileToCopy.getName());

        try (FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(fileToCopy);
             FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(copiedFile)) {

            int read;
            byte[] buffer = new byte[512];

            while ((read = fis.read(buffer)) != -1) {
                fos.write(buffer, 0, read);
            }
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }


    }
}

Best way as per my knowledge is as follows:

    public static void main(String[] args) {

    String sourceFolder = "E:\\Source";
    String targetFolder = "E:\\Target";
    File sFile = new File(sourceFolder);
    File[] sourceFiles = sFile.listFiles();
    for (File fSource : sourceFiles) {
        File fTarget = new File(new File(targetFolder), fSource.getName());
        copyFileUsingStream(fSource, fTarget);
        deleteFiles(fSource);
    }
}

    private static void deleteFiles(File fSource) {
        if(fSource.exists()) {
            try {
                FileUtils.forceDelete(fSource);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    private static void copyFileUsingStream(File source, File dest) {
        InputStream is = null;
        OutputStream os = null;
        try {
            is = new FileInputStream(source);
            os = new FileOutputStream(dest);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
            int length;
            while ((length = is.read(buffer)) > 0) {
                os.write(buffer, 0, length);
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            System.out.println("Unable to copy file:" + ex.getMessage());
        } finally {
            try {
                is.close();
                os.close();
            } catch (Exception ex) {
            }
        }
    }

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