inspect.getmembers in order?

inspect.getmembers(object[, predicate])

Return all the members of an object in a list of (name, value) pairs sorted by name.

I want to use this method, but I don't want the members to be sorted. I want them returned in the same order they were defined. Is there an alternative to this method?


Use case:

Creating a form like so:

class RegisterForm(Form):
    username = Field(model_field='username', filters=validators.minlength(3))
    password1 = Field(model_field='password', widget=widgets.PasswordInput)
    password2 = Field(widget=widgets.PasswordInput)
    first_name = Field(model_field='first_name')
    last_name = Field(model_field='last_name')
    address = SubForm(form=AddressForm, model_field='address')

I want the fields to be rendered in the same order they are defined.

Answers


You can dig around to find the line number for methods, not sure about other members:

import inspect

class A:
    def one(self):
        pass

    def two(self):
        pass

    def three(self):
        pass

    def four(self):
        pass

def linenumber_of_member(m):
    try:
        return m[1].im_func.func_code.co_firstlineno
    except AttributeError:
        return -1

a = A()
l = inspect.getmembers(a)
print l
l.sort(key=linenumber_of_member)
print l

prints:

[('__doc__', None), ('__module__', '__main__'), ('four', <bound method A.four of <__main__.A instance at 0x0179F738>>), ('one', <bound method A.one of <__main__.A instance at 0x0179F738>>), ('three', <bound method A.three of <__main__.A instance at 0x0179F738>>), ('two', <bound method A.two of <__main__.A instance at 0x0179F738>>)]
[('__doc__', None), ('__module__', '__main__'), ('one', <bound method A.one of <__main__.A instance at 0x0179F738>>), ('two', <bound method A.two of <__main__.A instance at 0x0179F738>>), ('three', <bound method A.three of <__main__.A instance at 0x0179F738>>), ('four', <bound method A.four of <__main__.A instance at 0x0179F738>>)]

The attributes (methods and other members) of an object is usually looked up through an object's special __dict__ attribute which is a standard Python dictionary. It doesn't guarantee any specific ordering.

If an attribute is not found in the object's __dict__ the class's is searched instead (where methods usually reside) and so on until the whole inheritance chain has been traversed.

Here is some custom inspection done in the interactive prompt to illustrate this (Python 3.1):

>>> class Klass():
...     def test(self):
...             pass
...
>>> k = Klass()
>>> k.__dict__
{}
>>> k.__class__.__dict__.items()
[('test', <function test at 0x00000000024113C8>), ('__dict__', <attribute '__dic
t__' of 'Klass' objects>), ('__module__', '__main__'), ('__weakref__', <attribut
e '__weakref__' of 'Klass' objects>), ('__doc__', None)]

Would I have put a constructor (__init__) in Klass and set an attribute through self it would've shown up in k.__dict__.

You can circumvent this by using a custom metaclass. The documentation contains an example which does exactly what you want.

See the bottom of this page for the OrderedClass example.

Don't know what version of Python you have so I assumed latest.


I don't think Python 2.6 has a __prepare__ method, so I can't swap out the default dict for an ordered one. I can, however, replace it using a metaclass and the __new__ method. Instead of inspecting line numbers, I think its easier and more efficient to just use a creation counter.

class MetaForm(type):
    def __new__(cls, name, bases, attrs):
        attrs['fields'] = OrderedDict(
            sorted(
                [(name, attrs.pop(name)) for name, field in attrs.items() if isinstance(field, Field)],
                key=lambda t: t[1].counter
            )
        )
        return type.__new__(cls, name, bases, attrs)

class Form(object):
    __metaclass__ = MetaForm

class Field(object):
    counter = 0
    def __init__(self):
        self.counter = Field.counter
        Field.counter += 1

In reference to Ned Batchelder's answer above, in Python 3 line numbers of a method m can be gotten with m.__func__.__code__.co_firstlineno

https://docs.python.org/3/library/inspect.html


members = []
for name, obj in inspect.getmembers(module):
    source, start_line = inspect.getsourcelines(obj)
    members.append([name, obj, start_line])

def _line_order(value):
    return value[2]

members.sort(key = _line_order)

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