How to check for back slash in input?

I have to check for character sequences like \chapter{Introduction} from the strings read from a file. To do this I have to first check for the occurence of backslash.

This is what I did

 final char[] chars = strLine.toCharArray();
         char c;
         for(int i = 0; i<chars.length; i++ ){
            c = chars[i];
            if(c ==  '\' ) {

            }
         }

But the backslash is treated as an escape sequence rather than a character.

Any help on how to this would be much appreciated.

Answers


The backward slash is an escape character. If you want to represent a real backslach, you have to use two backslashes (it's then escaping itself). Further, you also need to denote characters by singlequotes, not by doublequotes. So, this should work:

if (c == '\\')
See also:

You might also consider using the contains() and/or indexOf() methods for String. They will save you the trouble of iterating over each character in any given line.

Here's an example:

public class Test {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        if(args.length < 1) {
            System.out.println("java Test string1 string2 ...");
            System.exit(1);
        }

        for (String inputStr : args) {
            if(inputStr.contains("\\")) {
                System.out.println("Found at: " + inputStr.indexOf("\\"));
            }
        }
    }

}

A backslash character can be represented in Java source code as '\\'.

final char[] chars = strLine.toCharArray();
for (int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++) {
    if (chars[i] == '\\') {
        // is a backslash
    }
}

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