# How to train a neural network to supervised data set using pybrain black-box optimization?

I have played around a bit with pybrain and understand how to generate neural networks with custom architectures and train them to supervised data sets using backpropagation algorithm.

However I am confused by the optimization algorithms and the concepts of tasks, learning agents and environments.

For example: How would I implement a neural network such as (1) to classify the XOR dataset using pybrain genetic algorithm (2)?

(1) pybrain.tools.shortcuts.buildNetwork(2, 3, 1)

(2) pybrain.optimization.GA()

## Answers

I finally worked it out!! Its always easy once you know how!

Essentially the first arg to the GA is the fitness function (called evaluator in docs) which must take the second argument (an individual, called evaluable in docs) as its only arg.

In this example will train to XOR

from pybrain.datasets.classification import ClassificationDataSet # below line can be replaced with the algorithm of choice e.g. # from pybrain.optimization.hillclimber import HillClimber from pybrain.optimization.populationbased.ga import GA from pybrain.tools.shortcuts import buildNetwork # create XOR dataset d = ClassificationDataSet(2) d.addSample([0., 0.], [0.]) d.addSample([0., 1.], [1.]) d.addSample([1., 0.], [1.]) d.addSample([1., 1.], [0.]) d.setField('class', [ [0.],[1.],[1.],[0.]]) nn = buildNetwork(2, 3, 1) # d.evaluateModuleMSE takes nn as its first and only argument ga = GA(d.evaluateModuleMSE, nn, minimize=True) for i in range(100): nn = ga.learn(0)[0]

Test results after the above script:

In [68]: nn.activate([0,0]) Out[68]: array([-0.07944574]) In [69]: nn.activate([1,0]) Out[69]: array([ 0.97635635]) In [70]: nn.activate([0,1]) Out[70]: array([ 1.0216745]) In [71]: nn.activate([1,1]) Out[71]: array([ 0.03604205])