PHP DOMDocument errors/warnings on html5-tags

I've been attempting to parse HTML5-code so I can set attributes/values within the code, but it seems DOMDocument(PHP5.3) doesn't support tags like <nav> and <section>.

Is there any way to parse this as HTML in PHP and manipulate the code?


Code to reproduce:

<?php
$dom = new DOMDocument();
$dom->loadHTML("<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html><head><title>test</title></head>
<body>
<nav>
  <ul>
    <li>first
    <li>second
  </ul>
</nav>
<section>
  ...
</section>
</body>
</html>");

Error

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag nav invalid in Entity, line: 4 in /home/wbkrnl/public_html/new-mvc/1.php on line 17

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag section invalid in Entity, line: 10 in /home/wbkrnl/public_html/new-mvc/1.php on line 17

Answers


No, there is no way of specifying a particular doctype to use, or to modify the requirements of the existing one.

Your best workable solution is going to be to disable error reporting with libxml_use_internal_errors:

$dom = new DOMDocument;
libxml_use_internal_errors(true);
$dom->loadHTML('...');
libxml_clear_errors();

You could also do

@$dom->loadHTML($htmlString);

You can filter the errors you get from the parser. As per other answers here, turn off error reporting to the screen, and then iterate through the errors and only show the ones you want:

libxml_use_internal_errors(TRUE);
// Do your load here
$errors = libxml_get_errors();

foreach ($errors as $error)
{
    /* @var $error LibXMLError */
}

Here is a print_r() of a single error:

LibXMLError Object
(
    [level] => 2
    [code] => 801
    [column] => 17
    [message] => Tag section invalid

    [file] => 
    [line] => 39
)

By matching on the message and/or the code, these can be filtered out quite easily.


This worked for me:

$html = file_get_contents($url);

$search = array("<header>", "</header>", "<nav>", "</nav>", "<section>", "</section>");
$replace = array("<div>", "</div>","<div>", "</div>", "<div>", "</div>");
$html = str_replace($search, $replace, $html);

$dom = new DOMDocument();
$dom->loadHTML($html);

If you need the header tag, change the header with a div tag and use an id. For instance:

$search = array("<header>", "</header>");
$replace = array("<div id='header1'>", "</div>");

It's not the best solution but depending on the situation it can be useful.

Good luck.


There doesn't seem to be a way to kill warnings but not errors. PHP has constants that are supposed to do this, but they don't seem to work. Here is what is SHOULD work, but doesn't because (bug?)....

 $doc=new DOMDocument();
 $doc->loadHTML("<tagthatdoesnotexist><h1>Hi</h1></tagthatdoesnotexist>", LIBXML_NOWARNING );
 echo $doc->saveHTML();

http://php.net/manual/en/libxml.constants.php


HTML5 tags almost always use attributes such as id, class and so on. So the code for replacing will be:

$html = file_get_contents($url);
$search = array(
    "<header", "</header>", 
    "<nav", "</nav>", 
    "<section", "</section>",
    "<article", "</article>",
    "<footer", "</footer>",
    "<aside", "</aside>",
    "<noindex", "</noindex>",
);
$replace = array(
    "<div", "</div>",
    "<div", "</div>", 
    "<div", "</div>",
    "<div", "</div>",
    "<div", "</div>",
    "<div", "</div>",
    "<div", "</div>",
);
$html = str_replace($search, $replace, $html);
$dom = new DOMDocument();
$dom->loadHTML($html);

Need Your Help

Adding a module (Specifically pymorph) to Spyder (Python IDE)

python import module easy-install spyder

I have managed to get spyder installed and functioning on my mac but I want to add in a few modules that it doesn't include by default (mahotas and pymorph).

How to write java program in Sikuli?

java user-interface automation sikuli

I have recorded the GUI desktop application using SIKULI as below: