Unable to create call adapter for class example.Simple

I am using retrofit 2.0.0-beta1 with SimpleXml. I want the retrieve a Simple (XML) resource from a REST service. Marshalling/Unmarshalling the Simple object with SimpleXML works fine.

When using this code (converted form pre 2.0.0 code):

final Retrofit rest = new Retrofit.Builder()
    .addConverterFactory(SimpleXmlConverterFactory.create())
    .baseUrl(endpoint)
    .build();
SimpleService service = rest.create(SimpleService.class);
LOG.info(service.getSimple("572642"));

Service:

public interface SimpleService {

    @GET("/simple/{id}")
    Simple getSimple(@Path("id") String id);

}

I get this exception:

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Unable to create call adapter for class example.Simple
    for method SimpleService.getSimple
    at retrofit.Utils.methodError(Utils.java:201)
    at retrofit.MethodHandler.createCallAdapter(MethodHandler.java:51)
    at retrofit.MethodHandler.create(MethodHandler.java:30)
    at retrofit.Retrofit.loadMethodHandler(Retrofit.java:138)
    at retrofit.Retrofit$1.invoke(Retrofit.java:127)
    at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy0.getSimple(Unknown Source)

What am i missing? I know that wrapping the return type by a Call works. But I want the service to return business objects as type (and working in sync mode).

UPDATE

After added the extra dependancies and .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJavaCallAdapterFactory.create()) as suggested by different answers, I still get this error:

Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Could not locate call adapter for class simple.Simple. Tried:
 * retrofit.RxJavaCallAdapterFactory
 * retrofit.DefaultCallAdapter$1

Answers


Short answer: return Call<Simple> in your service interface.

It looks like Retrofit 2.0 is trying to find a way of creating the proxy object for your service interface. It expects you to write this:

public interface SimpleService {
    @GET("/simple/{id}")
    Call<Simple> getSimple(@Path("id") String id);
}

However, it still wants to play nice and be flexible when you don't want to return a Call. To support this, it has the concept of a CallAdapter, which is supposed to know how to adapt a Call<Simple> into a Simple.

The use of RxJavaCallAdapterFactory is only useful if you are trying to return rx.Observable<Simple>.

The simplest solution is to return a Call as Retrofit expects. You could also write a CallAdapter.Factory if you really need it.


add dependencies:

compile 'com.squareup.retrofit:retrofit:2.0.0-beta1'
compile 'com.squareup.retrofit:adapter-rxjava:2.0.0-beta1'
compile 'com.squareup.retrofit:converter-gson:2.0.0-beta1'

create your adapter this way:

Retrofit rest = new Retrofit.Builder()
    .baseUrl(endpoint)
    .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJavaCallAdapterFactory.create())
    .addConverterFactory(SimpleXmlConverterFactory.create())
    .build();

addCallAdapterFactory () and addConverterFactory () both need to be called.

Service:

public interface SimpleService {

    @GET("/simple/{id}")
    Call<Simple> getSimple(@Path("id") String id);

}

Modify Simple to Call<Simple>.


With the new Retrofit(2.+) you need to add addCallAdapterFactory which can be a normal one or a RxJavaCallAdapterFactory(for Observables). I think you can add more than both too. It automatically checks which one to use. See a working example below. You can also check this link for more details.

 Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder().baseUrl(ApiConfig.BASE_URL)
        .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
        .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJavaCallAdapterFactory.create())
        .build()

If you want use retrofit2 and you don't want always return retrofit2.Call<T>, you have to create your own CallAdapter.Factory which return simple type as you expected. The simple code can look like this:

import retrofit2.Call;
import retrofit2.CallAdapter;
import retrofit2.Retrofit;

import java.lang.annotation.Annotation;
import java.lang.reflect.Type;

public class SynchronousCallAdapterFactory extends CallAdapter.Factory {
    public static CallAdapter.Factory create() {
        return new SynchronousCallAdapterFactory();
    }

    @Override
    public CallAdapter<Object, Object> get(final Type returnType, Annotation[] annotations, Retrofit retrofit) {
        // if returnType is retrofit2.Call, do nothing
        if (returnType.toString().contains("retrofit2.Call")) {
            return null;
        }

        return new CallAdapter<Object, Object>() {
            @Override
            public Type responseType() {
                return returnType;
            }

            @Override
            public Object adapt(Call<Object> call) {
                try {
                    return call.execute().body();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    throw new RuntimeException(e); // do something better
                }
            }
        };
    }
}

Then simple register the SynchronousCallAdapterFactory in Retrofit should solved your problem.

Retrofit rest = new Retrofit.Builder()
        .baseUrl(endpoint)
        .addConverterFactory(SimpleXmlConverterFactory.create())
        .addCallAdapterFactory(SynchronousCallAdapterFactory.create())
        .build();

After that you can return simple type without retrofit2.Call.

public interface SimpleService {
    @GET("/simple/{id}")
    Simple getSimple(@Path("id") String id);
}

Add the following dependencies for retrofit 2

 compile 'com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:2.1.0'

for GSON

 compile 'com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-gson:2.1.0'

for observables

compile 'com.squareup.retrofit2:adapter-rxjava:2.1.0'

In your case for XML , you would have to include the following dependencies

 compile 'com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-simplexml:2.1.0'

Update the service call as below

final Retrofit rest = new Retrofit.Builder()
    .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJavaCallAdapterFactory.create())
    .addConverterFactory(SimpleXmlConverterFactory.create())
    .baseUrl(endpoint)
    .build();
SimpleService service = rest.create(SimpleService.class);

in my case using this

compile 'com.jakewharton.retrofit:retrofit2-rxjava2-adapter:1.0.0'

with this

new Retrofit.Builder().addCallAdapterFactory(RxJava2CallAdapterFactory.create())...

solved the problem when nothing else worked


Just to make the Call examples clearer for people who are migrating, not using Rx, or who want synchronous calls - Call essentially replaces (wraps) Response, meaning:

Response<MyObject> createRecord(...);

becomes

Call<MyObject> createRecord(...);

and not

Call<Response<MyObject>> createRecord(...);

(which will still require an adapter)


The Call will then allow you to still use isSuccessful as it actually returns a Response. So you can do something like:

myApi.createRecord(...).execute().isSuccessful()

Or access your Type (MyObject) like:

MyObject myObj = myApi.createRecord(...).execute().body();

If you are not using RxJava it properly makes no sense to add RxJava just for retrofit. 2.5.0 has support for CompletableFuture built in which you can use without adding any other library or adapter.

build.gradle.kts

implementation("com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:2.5.0")
implementation("com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit-converters:2.5.0")

Api.kt

interface Api {
    @GET("/resource")
    fun listCompanies(): CompletableFuture<ResourceDto>
}

Usage:

Retrofit.Builder()
   .addConverterFactory(SimpleXmlConverterFactory.create())
   .baseUrl("https://api.example.com")
   .build()
   .create(Api::class.java)

You can implement a Callback, get the Simple from onResponse function.

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements Callback<Simple> {

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        final Retrofit rest = new Retrofit.Builder()
                    .addConverterFactory(SimpleXmlConverterFactory.create())
                    .baseUrl(endpoint)
                    .build();
        SimpleService service = rest.create(SimpleService.class);
        Call<Simple> call = service.getSimple("572642");
        //asynchronous call
        call.enqueue(this);

        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public void onResponse(Response<Simple> response, Retrofit retrofit) {
       // response.body() has the return object(s)
    }

    @Override
    public void onFailure(Throwable t) {
        // do something
    }

}

public interface SimpleService {

  @GET("/simple/{id}")
  Simple getSimple(@Path("id") String id);

}

Communication with the network is done with the separate thread so you should change your Simple with that.

public interface SimpleService {

  @GET("/simple/{id}")
  Call<Simple> getSimple(@Path("id") String id);

}

In my case I used

com.squareup.retrofit2:adapter-rxjava:2.5.0 //notice rxjava

instead of

com.squareup.retrofit2:adapter-rxjava2:2.5.0 //notice rxjava2

you should be using com.squareup.retrofit2:adapter-rxjava2:2.5.0 when using io.reactivex.rxjava2


The way I fixed this issue was adding this to the application gradle file, if the configuration is not set there will be conflicts, maybe this will be fixed in the stable release of the library:

configurations {
    compile.exclude group: 'stax'
    compile.exclude group: 'xpp3'
}

dependencies {
    compile 'com.squareup.retrofit:retrofit:2.0.0-beta1'
    compile 'com.squareup.retrofit:converter-simplexml:2.0.0-beta1'
}

and create your adapter this way:

  Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
            .baseUrl(endPoint)
            .addConverterFactory(SimpleXmlConverterFactory.create())
            .build();

Hope it helps!


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