How do I populate values of a static QMap in C++ Qt?

I have this in my C++ header file:

#include <QMap>
#include <QString>

class LogEvent {


    enum column_t {TIMESTAMP_COLUMN = 0, TYPE_COLUMN = 1, EVENT_COLUMN = 2,
        FILE_COLUMN = 3};
    static QMap<column_t, QString> COLUMN_NAMES;

    static QMap<column_t, QString> getColumnNames() {
        return LogEvent::COLUMN_NAMES;

    //blah blah blah other functions

This is my C++ source file:

#include "LogEvent.h"

    //constructor code

//blah blah blah other functions

I want to add values to my static QMap COLUMN_NAMES. Where and how would I do this?


You can use static function that returns initialized map:

// source file:
QMap<column_t, QString> LogEvent::initColumnNames() {
    QMap<column_t, QString> map;
    // and so on
    return map;

QMap<column_t, QString> LogEvent::COLUMN_NAMES = initColumnNames();

Also, in case you want to use strings internationalization in static variables and need to call QTextCodec::setCodecForTr first, it is a good idea to move static variable into its getter function:

class LogEvent {

// ...
    static QMap<column_t, QString> initColumnNames();

    static QMap<column_t, QString> getColumnNames() {
        static QMap<column_t, QString> COLUMN_NAMES = initColumnNames();
        return COLUMN_NAMES;

This way COLUMN_NAMES will be initialized with the first call of getColumnNames() and you can set the text codec beforehand. But this is not thread-safe.

In the meantime, Qt 5.2 added support for C++11 initializer lists in QMap:

QMap::​QMap(std::initializer_list<std::pair<Key, T> > list)

This means you can initialize your map like this:

static QMap<QString, int> my_map{{"a", 1}, {"b", 2}, {"c", 3}};

Another approach using an initializer list.

QMap<QString, QString> qmap_(std::map<QString, QString> {{ "", "" }});

This works for older Qt before Qt was fixed to work with initializer lists directly.

You can create std::map and use it to init QMap, or just replace QMap with std::map:

 static const std::pair<T1, T2> arr[] = { 
     std::pair<T1, T2>(v1, v2),
     std::pair<T1, T2>(v3, v4),

static std::map<T1, T2> my_map(arr, arr + sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]));
QMap<column_t, QString> LogEvent::COLUMN_NAMES(my_map);

Another way is init COLUMN_NAMES in constructor:

LogEvent::LogEvent() {
   if (COLUMN_NAMES.isEmpty())
     ;//init it here

but this is not thread safe, the first one method was called before main, while the second during may be called during runtime.

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