Setting environment variable in react-native?

I am using react-native to build a cross-platform app, but I do not know how to set the environment variable so that I can have different constants for different environments.

Example:

development: 
  BASE_URL: '',
  API_KEY: '',
staging: 
  BASE_URL: '',
  API_KEY: '',
production:
  BASE_URL: '',
  API_KEY: '',

Answers


Instead of hard-coding your app constants and doing a switch on the environment (I'll explain how to do that in a moment), I suggest using the twelve factor suggestion of having your build process define your BASE_URL and your API_KEY.

To answer how to expose your environment to react-native, I suggest using Babel's babel-plugin-transform-inline-environment-variables.

To get this working you need to download the plugin and then you will need to setup a .babelrc and it should look something like this:

{
  "presets": ["react-native"],
  "plugins": [
    "transform-inline-environment-variables"
  ]
}

And so if you transpile your react-native code by running API_KEY=my-app-id react-native bundle (or start, run-ios, or run-android) then all you have to do is have your code look like this:

const apiKey = process.env['API_KEY'];

And then Babel will replace that with:

const apiKey = 'my-app-id';

Hope this helps!


The simplest (not the best or ideal) solution I found was to use react-native-dotenv. You simply add the "react-native-dotenv" preset to your .babelrc file at the project root like so:

{
  "presets": ["react-native", "react-native-dotenv"]
}

Create a .env file and add properties:

echo "SOMETHING=anything" > .env

Then in your project (JS):

import { SOMETHING } from 'react-native-dotenv'
console.log(SOMETHING) // "anything"

In my opinion the best option is to use react-native-config. It supports 12 factor.

I found this package extremely useful. You can set multiple environments, e.g. development, staging, production.

In case of Android, variables are available also in Java classes, gradle, AndroidManifest.xml etc. In case of iOS, variables are available also in Obj-C classes, Info.plist.

You just create files like

  • .env.development
  • .env.staging
  • .env.production

You fill these files with key, values like

API_URL=https://myapi.com
GOOGLE_MAPS_API_KEY=abcdefgh

and then just use it:

import Config from 'react-native-config'

Config.API_URL  // 'https://myapi.com'
Config.GOOGLE_MAPS_API_KEY  // 'abcdefgh'

If you want to use different environments, you basically set ENVFILE variable like this:

ENVFILE=.env.staging react-native run-android

or for assembling app for production (android in my case):

cd android && ENVFILE=.env.production ./gradlew assembleRelease

React native does not have the concept of global variables. It enforces modular scope strictly, in order to promote component modularity and reusability.

Sometimes, though, you need components to be aware of their environment. In this case it's very simple to define an Environment module which components can then call to get environment variables, for example:

environment.js

var _Environments = {
    production:  {BASE_URL: '', API_KEY: ''},
    staging:     {BASE_URL: '', API_KEY: ''},
    development: {BASE_URL: '', API_KEY: ''},
}

function getEnvironment() {
    // Insert logic here to get the current platform (e.g. staging, production, etc)
    var platform = getPlatform()

    // ...now return the correct environment
    return _Environments[platform]
}

var Environment = getEnvironment()
module.exports = Environment

my-component.js

var Environment = require('./environment.js')

...somewhere in your code...
var url = Environment.BASE_URL

This creates a singleton environment which can be accessed from anywhere inside the scope of your app. You have to explicitly require(...) the module from any components that use Environment variables, but that is a good thing.


I used the __DEV__ polyfill that is built into react-native in order to solve this problem. It is automatically set to true so long as you are not building react native for production.

E.g.:

//vars.js

let url, publicKey;
if (__DEV__) {
  url = ...
  publicKey = ...
} else {
  url = ...
  publicKey = ...
}

export {url, publicKey}

Then just import {url} from '../vars'and you'll always get the correct one. Unfortunately, this wont work if you want more than two environments, but its easy and doesn't involve adding more dependencies to your project.


The specific method used to set environment variables will vary by CI service, build approach, platform and tools you're using.

If you're using Buddybuild for CI to build an app and manage environment variables, and you need access to config from JS, create a env.js.example with keys (with empty string values) for check-in to source control, and use Buddybuild to produce an env.js file at build time in the post-clone step, hiding the file contents from the build logs, like so:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

ENVJS_FILE="$BUDDYBUILD_WORKSPACE/env.js"

# Echo what's happening to the build logs
echo Creating environment config file

# Create `env.js` file in project root
touch $ENVJS_FILE

# Write environment config to file, hiding from build logs
tee $ENVJS_FILE > /dev/null <<EOF
module.exports = {
  AUTH0_CLIENT_ID: '$AUTH0_CLIENT_ID',
  AUTH0_DOMAIN: '$AUTH0_DOMAIN'
}
EOF

Tip: Don't forget to add env.js to .gitignore so config and secrets aren't checked into source control accidentally during development.

You can then manage how the file gets written using the Buddybuild variables like BUDDYBUILD_VARIANTS, for instance, to gain greater control over how your config is produced at build time.


I think something like the following library could help you out to solve the missing bit of the puzzle, the getPlatform() function.

https://github.com/joeferraro/react-native-env

const EnvironmentManager = require('react-native-env');

// read an environment variable from React Native
EnvironmentManager.get('SOME_VARIABLE')
  .then(val => {
    console.log('value of SOME_VARIABLE is: ', val);

  })
  .catch(err => {
    console.error('womp womp: ', err.message);
  });

The only problem I see with this, that it's async code. There is a pull request to support getSync. Check it out too.

https://github.com/joeferraro/react-native-env/pull/9


i have created a pre build script for the same problem because i need some differents api endpoints for the differents environments

const fs = require('fs')

let endPoint

if (process.env.MY_ENV === 'dev') {
  endPoint = 'http://my-api-dev/api/v1'
} else if (process.env.MY_ENV === 'test') {
  endPoint = 'http://127.0.0.1:7001'
} else {
  endPoint = 'http://my-api-pro/api/v1'
}

let template = `
export default {
  API_URL: '${endPoint}',
  DEVICE_FINGERPRINT: Math.random().toString(36).slice(2)
}
`

fs.writeFile('./src/constants/config.js', template, function (err) {
  if (err) {
    return console.log(err)
  }

  console.log('Configuration file has generated')
})

And i have created a custom npm run scripts to execute react-native run..

My package-json

"scripts": {
    "start-ios": "node config-generator.js && react-native run-ios",
    "build-ios": "node config-generator.js && react-native run-ios --configuration Release",
    "start-android": "node config-generator.js && react-native run-android",
    "build-android": "node config-generator.js && cd android/ && ./gradlew assembleRelease",
    ...
}

Then in my services components simply import the auto generated file:

import config from '../constants/config'

fetch(`${config.API_URL}/login`, params)

It is possible to access the variables with process.env.blabla instead of process.env['blabla']. I recently made it work and commented on how I did it on an issue on GitHub because I had some problems with cache based on the accepted answer. Here is the issue.


For latest RN versions, you can use this native module: https://github.com/luggit/react-native-config


I use babel-plugin-transform-inline-environment-variables.

What I did was put a configuration files within S3 with my different environments.

s3://example-bucket/dev-env.sh
s3://example-bucket/prod-env.sh
s3://example-bucket/stage-env.sh

EACH env file:

FIRSTENV=FIRSTVALUE
SECONDENV=SECONDVALUE

Afterwards, I added a new script in my package.json that runs a script for bundling

if [ "$ENV" == "production" ]
then
  eval $(aws s3 cp s3://example-bucket/prod-env.sh - | sed 's/^/export /')
elif [ "$ENV" == "staging" ]
then
  eval $(aws s3 cp s3://example-bucket/stage-env.sh - | sed 's/^/export /')
else
  eval $(aws s3 cp s3://example-bucket/development-env.sh - | sed 's/^/export /')
fi

react-native start

Within your app you will probably have a config file that has:

const FIRSTENV = process.env['FIRSTENV']
const SECONDENV = process.env['SECONDENV']

which will be replaced by babel to:

const FIRSTENV = 'FIRSTVALUE'
const SECONDENV = 'SECONDVALUE'

REMEMBER you have to use process.env['STRING'] NOT process.env.STRING or it won't convert properly.


you can also have different env scripts: production.env.sh development.env.sh production.env.sh

And then source them in when starting to work [which is just tied to an alias] so all the sh file has is export for each env variable:

export SOME_VAR=1234
export SOME_OTHER=abc

And then adding babel-plugin-transform-inline-environment-variables will allow access them in the code:

export const SOME_VAR: ?string = process.env.SOME_VAR;
export const SOME_OTHER: ?string = process.env.SOME_OTHER;

@chapinkapa's answer is good. An approach that I have taken since Mobile Center does not support environment variables, is to expose build configuration through a native module:

On android:

   @Override
    public Map<String, Object> getConstants() {
        final Map<String, Object> constants = new HashMap<>();
        String buildConfig = BuildConfig.BUILD_TYPE.toLowerCase();
        constants.put("ENVIRONMENT", buildConfig);
        return constants;
    } 

or on ios:

  override func constantsToExport() -> [String: Any]! {
    // debug/ staging / release
    // on android, I can tell the build config used, but here I use bundle name
    let STAGING = "staging"
    let DEBUG = "debug"

    var environment = "release"
    if let bundleIdentifier: String = Bundle.main.bundleIdentifier {
      if (bundleIdentifier.lowercased().hasSuffix(STAGING)) {
        environment = STAGING
      } else if (bundleIdentifier.lowercased().hasSuffix(DEBUG)){
        environment = DEBUG
      }
    }

    return ["ENVIRONMENT": environment]
  }

You can read the build config synchronously and decide in Javascript how you're going to behave.


Step 1: Create separate component like this Component name : pagebase.js Step 2: Inside this use code this

    export const BASE_URL = "http://192.168.10.10:4848/";
    export const API_KEY = 'key_token';

Step 3: Use it in any component, for using it first import this component then use it. Import it and use it:

        import * as base from "./pagebase";

        base.BASE_URL
        base.API_KEY

[Source] From what I've found, it looks like by default, it's only possible to do production and development configs (no staging or other environments) – is that right?

Right now, I've been using a environment.js file that can be used to detect expo release channels and change the variables returned based on that, but for building, I need to update the non- DEV variable returned to be either staging or prod:

import { Constants } from 'expo';
import { Platform } from 'react-native';
const localhost = Platform.OS === 'ios' ? 'http://localhost:4000/' : 'http://10.0.2.2:4000/';
const ENV = {
  dev: {
    apiUrl: localhost,
  },
  staging: {
    apiUrl: 'https://your-staging-api-url-here.com/'
  },
  prod: {
    apiUrl: 'https://your-prod-api-url-here.com/'
  },
}
const getEnvVars = (env = Constants.manifest.releaseChannel) => {
  // What is __DEV__ ?
  // This variable is set to true when react-native is running in Dev mode.
  // __DEV__ is true when run locally, but false when published.
  if (__DEV__) {
    return ENV.dev;
  } else {
    // When publishing to production, change this to `ENV.prod` before running an `expo build`
    return ENV.staging;
  }
}
export default getEnvVars;

Alternatives

does anyone have experience using react-native-dotenv for projects built with expo? I'd love to hear your thoughts

https://github.com/zetachang/react-native-dotenv


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