Windows command to convert Unix line endings?

Is there a Windows command to convert line endings of a file?

We have a test.bat which we need to run to start our server. We use Perforce and we need to have unix line endings in our workspace. For some reason, we are not allowed to change line endings to Windows in our workspaces. However, the server runs on Windows.

Everytime I have to run the bat file, I open it in Notepad++ and choose Edit→EOL conversion→Windows. Is there a way to automate this so that we won't need to manually change the line endings everytime we sync with Perforce?

Thanks in advance.

Answers


This can actually be done very easily using the more command which is included in Windows NT and later. To convert input_filename which contains UNIX EOL (End Of Line) \n to output_filename which contains Windows EOL \r\n, just do this:

TYPE input_filename | MORE /P > output_filename

The more command has additional formatting options that you may not be aware of. Run more/? to learn what else more can do.


Use unix2dos utility. You can download binaries here.


You can do this without additional tools in VBScript:

Do Until WScript.StdIn.AtEndOfStream
  WScript.StdOut.WriteLine WScript.StdIn.ReadLine
Loop

Put the above lines in a file unix2dos.vbs and run it like this:

cscript //NoLogo unix2dos.vbs <C:\path\to\input.txt >C:\path\to\output.txt

or like this:

type C:\path\to\input.txt | cscript //NoLogo unix2dos.vbs >C:\path\to\output.txt

You can also do it in PowerShell:

(Get-Content "C:\path\to\input.txt") -replace "`n", "`r`n" |
  Set-Content "C:\path\to\output.txt"

which could be further simplified to this:

(Get-Content "C:\path\to\input.txt") | Set-Content "C:\path\to\output.txt"

The above statement works without an explicit replacement, because Get-Content implicitly splits input files at any kind of linebreak (CR, LF, and CR-LF), and Set-Content joins the input array with Windows linebreaks (CR-LF) before writing it to a file.


I was dealing with CRLF issues so I decided to build really simple tool for conversion (in NodeJS):

It's NodeJS EOL converter CLI

So if you have NodeJS with npm installed you can try it:

npm i -g eol-converter-cli
eolConverter crlf "**/*.{txt,js,java,etc}"

Path might be configured dynamically by using Glob regex (same regex as in shell).

So if you can use NodeJS, it's really simple and you can integrate this command to convert whole workspace to desired line endings.


Windows' MORE is not reliable, it destroys TABs inevitably and adds lines.

unix2dos is part also of MinGW/MSYS, Cygutils, GnuWin32 and other unix binary port collections - and may already be installed.

When python is there, this one-liner converts any line endings to current platform - on any platform:

TYPE UNIXFILE.EXT | python -c "import sys; sys.stdout.write(sys.stdin.read())" > MYPLATFILE.EXT

or

python -c "import sys; sys.stdout.write(open(sys.argv[1]).read())" UNIXFILE.EXT > MYPLATFILE.EXT

Or put the one-liner into a .bat / shell script and on the PATH according to your platform:

@REM This is any2here.bat
python -c "import sys; sys.stdout.write(open(sys.argv[1]).read())" %1

and use that tool like

any2here UNIXFILE.EXT > MYPLATFILE.EXT

Building on TampaHaze's and MD XF's helpful answers.

This will change all .txt files in place in the current directory from from LF to CRLF in Command Prompt

for /f %f in ('dir /b "*.txt"') do ( type %f | more /p > %f.1 & move %f.1 %f )

If you don't want to verify every single change

move

To

move /y

To include subdirectories change

dir /b

To

dir /b /s

To do all this in a batch file including subdirectories without prompting use below

@echo off
setlocal enabledelayedexpansion

for /f %%f in ('dir /s /b "*.txt"') do (
    type %%f | more /p > %%f.1 
    move /y %%f.1 %%f > nul
    @echo Changing LF-^>CRLF in File %%f
)
echo.
pause

try this:

(for /f "delims=" %i in (file.unix) do @echo %i)>file.dos

Session protocol:

C:\TEST>xxd -g1 file.unix
0000000: 36 31 36 38 39 36 32 39 33 30 38 31 30 38 36 35  6168962930810865
0000010: 0a 34 38 36 38 39 37 34 36 33 32 36 31 38 31 39  .486897463261819
0000020: 37 0a 37 32 30 30 31 33 37 33 39 31 39 32 38 35  7.72001373919285
0000030: 34 37 0a 35 30 32 32 38 31 35 37 33 32 30 32 30  47.5022815732020
0000040: 35 32 34 0a                                      524.

C:\TEST>(for /f "delims=" %i in (file.unix) do @echo %i)>file.dos

C:\TEST>xxd -g1 file.dos
0000000: 36 31 36 38 39 36 32 39 33 30 38 31 30 38 36 35  6168962930810865
0000010: 0d 0a 34 38 36 38 39 37 34 36 33 32 36 31 38 31  ..48689746326181
0000020: 39 37 0d 0a 37 32 30 30 31 33 37 33 39 31 39 32  97..720013739192
0000030: 38 35 34 37 0d 0a 35 30 32 32 38 31 35 37 33 32  8547..5022815732
0000040: 30 32 30 35 32 34 0d 0a                          020524..

My contribution for this, converting several files in a folder: for %%z in (*.txt) do (for /f "delims=" %%i in (%%z) do @echo %%i)>%%z.tmp


You could create a simple batch script to do this for you:

TYPE %1 | MORE /P >%1.1
MOVE %1.1 %1

Then run <batch script name> <FILE> and <FILE> will be instantly converted to DOS line endings.


Based on Endoro's answer but to keep the blanks, try this:

@echo off
setlocal enabledelayedexpansion
(for /f "tokens=* delims=:" %%i in ('findstr /n "^" file.unix') do (
        set line=%%i
        set line=!line:*:=!
        echo(!line!
        ))>file.dos

I cloned my git project using the git bash on windows. All the files then had LF endings. Our repository has CRLF endings as default.

I deleted the project, and then cloned it again using the Windows Command Prompt. The CRLF endings were intact then. In my case, if I had changed the endings for the project, then it would've resulted in a huge commit and would've caused trouble for my teammates. So, did it this way. Hope this helps somebody.


I'm taking an AWS course and have frequently had to copy from text boxes in the AWS web forms to Windows Notepad. So I get the LF-delimited text only on my clipboard. I accidentally discovered that pasting it into my Delphi editor, and then hitting Ctrl+K+W will write the text to a file with CR+LF delimiters. (I'll bet many other IDE editors would do the same).


For convert UNIX(LF) to Windows(CR-LF) use next command

type file.txt > new_file.txt

If you have bash (e.g. git bash), you can use the following script to convert from unix2dos:

ex filename.ext <<EOF
:set fileformat=dos
:wq
EOF

similarly, to convert from dos2unix:

ex filename.ext <<EOF
:set fileformat=unix
:wq
EOF

Inserting Carriage Returns to a Text File

@echo off
set SourceFile=%1 rem c:\test\test.txt
set TargetFile=%2 rem c:\test\out.txt

if exist "%TargetFile%" del "%TargetFile%"
for /F "delims=" %%a in ('type "%SourceFile%"') do call :Sub %%a
rem notepad "%TargetFile%"
goto :eof


:Sub
echo %1 >> "%TargetFile%"
if "%2"=="" goto :eof
shift
goto sub

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