Angular File Upload

I'm beginner for the Angular, I want to know how to create Angular 5 File upload part, I'm try to find any tutorial or doc, but I don't see anything anywhere. Any idea for this? And I'm trying ng4-files but it's not working for Angular 5

Answers


Here is a working example for file upload to api:

Step 1: HTML Template (file-upload.component.html)

Define simple input tag of type file. Add a function to (change)-event for handling choosing files.

<div class="form-group">
    <label for="file">Choose File</label>
    <input type="file"
           id="file"
           (change)="handleFileInput($event.target.files)">
</div>

Step 2: Upload Handling in TypeScript (file-upload.component.ts)

Define an default variable for selected file.

fileToUpload: File = null;

Create function which you use in (change)-event of your file input tag:

handleFileInput(files: FileList) {
    this.fileToUpload = files.item(0);
}

If you will to handle multifile selection, than you can iterate through this files array.

Now create file upload function by calling you file-upload.service:

uploadFileToActivity() {
    this.fileUploadService.postFile(this.fileToUpload).subscribe(data => {
      // do something, if upload success
      }, error => {
        console.log(error);
      });
  }

Step 3: File-Upload Service (file-upload.service.ts)

By uploading a file via POST-method you should use FormData, because so you can add file to http request.

postFile(fileToUpload: File): Observable<boolean> {
    const endpoint = 'your-destination-url';
    const formData: FormData = new FormData();
    formData.append('fileKey', fileToUpload, fileToUpload.name);
    return this.httpClient
      .post(endpoint, formData, { headers: yourHeadersConfig })
      .map(() => { return true; })
      .catch((e) => this.handleError(e));
}

So, This is very simple working example, which I use everyday in my work.


This way I implement upload file to web API in project.

I share for whom concern.

const formData: FormData = new FormData();
formData.append('Image', image, image.name);
formData.append('ComponentId', componentId);
return this.http.post('/api/dashboard/UploadImage', formData);

Step by step

ASP.NET Web API

[HttpPost]
[Route("api/dashboard/UploadImage")]
public HttpResponseMessage UploadImage() 
{
    string imageName = null;
    var httpRequest = HttpContext.Current.Request;
    //Upload Image
    var postedFile = httpRequest.Files["Image"];
    //Create custom filename
    if (postedFile != null)
    {
        imageName = new String(Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(postedFile.FileName).Take(10).ToArray()).Replace(" ", "-");
        imageName = imageName + DateTime.Now.ToString("yymmssfff") + Path.GetExtension(postedFile.FileName);
        var filePath = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~/Images/" + imageName);
        postedFile.SaveAs(filePath);
    }
}

HTML form

<form #imageForm=ngForm (ngSubmit)="OnSubmit(Image)">

    <img [src]="imageUrl" class="imgArea">
    <div class="image-upload">
        <label for="file-input">
            <img src="upload.jpg" />
        </label>

        <input id="file-input" #Image type="file" (change)="handleFileInput($event.target.files)" />
        <button type="submit" class="btn-large btn-submit" [disabled]="Image.value=='' || !imageForm.valid"><i
                class="material-icons">save</i></button>
    </div>
</form>

TS file to use API

OnSubmit(Image) {
    this.dashboardService.uploadImage(this.componentId, this.fileToUpload).subscribe(
      data => {
        console.log('done');
        Image.value = null;
        this.imageUrl = "/assets/img/logo.png";
      }
    );
  }

Service TS

uploadImage(componentId, image) {
        const formData: FormData = new FormData();
        formData.append('Image', image, image.name);
        formData.append('ComponentId', componentId);
        return this.http.post('/api/dashboard/UploadImage', formData);
    }

Very easy and fastest method is using ng2-file-upload.

Install ng2-file-upload via npm. npm i ng2-file-upload --save

At first import module in your module.

import { FileUploadModule } from 'ng2-file-upload';

Add it to [imports] under @NgModule:
imports: [ ... FileUploadModule, ... ]

Markup:

<input ng2FileSelect type="file" accept=".xml" [uploader]="uploader"/>

In your commponent ts:

import { FileUploader } from 'ng2-file-upload';
...
uploader: FileUploader = new FileUploader({ url: "api/your_upload", removeAfterUpload: false, autoUpload: true });

It`is simplest usage of this. To know all power of this see demo


I am using Angular 5.2.11, I like the solution provided by Gregor Doroschenko, however I noticed that the uploaded file is of zero bytes, I had to make a small change to get it to work for me.

postFile(fileToUpload: File): Observable<boolean> {
  const endpoint = 'your-destination-url';
  return this.httpClient
    .post(endpoint, fileToUpload, { headers: yourHeadersConfig })
    .map(() => { return true; })
    .catch((e) => this.handleError(e));
}

The following lines (formData) didn't work for me.

const formData: FormData = new FormData();
formData.append('fileKey', fileToUpload, fileToUpload.name);

https://github.com/amitrke/ngrke/blob/master/src/app/services/fileupload.service.ts


Ok, as this thread appears among the first results of google and for other users having the same question, you don't have to reivent the wheel as pointed by trueboroda there is the ng2-file-upload library which simplify this process of uploading a file with angular 6 and 7 all you need to do is:

Install the latest Angular CLI

yarn add global @angular/cli

Then install rx-compat for compatibility concern

npm install rxjs-compat --save

Install ng2-file-upload

npm install ng2-file-upload --save

Import FileSelectDirective Directive in your module.

import { FileSelectDirective } from 'ng2-file-upload';

Add it to [declarations] under @NgModule:
declarations: [ ... FileSelectDirective , ... ]

In your component

import { FileUploader } from 'ng2-file-upload/ng2-file-upload';
...

export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

   public uploader: FileUploader = new FileUploader({url: URL, itemAlias: 'photo'});
}

Template

<input type="file" name="photo" ng2FileSelect [uploader]="uploader" />

For better understanding you can check this link: How To Upload a File With Angular 6/7


Personally I'm doing this using ngx-material-file-input for the front-end, and Firebase for the back-end. More precisely Cloud Storage for Firebase for the back-end combined with Cloud Firestore. Below an example, which limits file to be not larger than 20 MB, and accepts only certain file extensions. I'm also using Cloud Firestore for storing links to the uploaded files, but you can skip this.

contact.component.html

<mat-form-field>
  <!--
    Accept only files in the following format: .doc, .docx, .jpg, .jpeg, .pdf, .png, .xls, .xlsx. However, this is easy to bypass, Cloud Storage rules has been set up on the back-end side.
  -->
  <ngx-mat-file-input
    [accept]="[
      '.doc',
      '.docx',
      '.jpg',
      '.jpeg',
      '.pdf',
      '.png',
      '.xls',
      '.xlsx'
    ]"
    (change)="uploadFile($event)"
    formControlName="fileUploader"
    multiple
    aria-label="Here you can add additional files about your project, which can be helpeful for us."
    placeholder="Additional files"
    title="Additional files"
    type="file"
  >
  </ngx-mat-file-input>
  <mat-icon matSuffix>folder</mat-icon>
  <mat-hint
    >Accepted formats: DOC, DOCX, JPG, JPEG, PDF, PNG, XLS and XLSX,
    maximum files upload size: 20 MB.
  </mat-hint>
  <!--
    Non-null assertion operators are required to let know the compiler that this value is not empty and exists.
  -->
  <mat-error
    *ngIf="contactForm.get('fileUploader')!.hasError('maxContentSize')"
  >
    This size is too large,
    <strong
      >maximum acceptable upload size is
      {{
        contactForm.get('fileUploader')?.getError('maxContentSize')
          .maxSize | byteFormat
      }}</strong
    >
    (uploaded size:
    {{
      contactForm.get('fileUploader')?.getError('maxContentSize')
        .actualSize | byteFormat
    }}).
  </mat-error>
</mat-form-field>

contact.component.ts (size validator part)

import { FileValidator } from 'ngx-material-file-input';
import { FormBuilder, FormGroup, Validators } from '@angular/forms';

/**
 * @constructor
 * @description Creates a new instance of this component.
 * @param  {formBuilder} - an abstraction class object to create a form group control for the contact form.
 */
constructor(
  private angularFirestore: AngularFirestore,
  private angularFireStorage: AngularFireStorage,
  private formBuilder: FormBuilder
) {}

public maxFileSize = 20971520;
public contactForm: FormGroup = this.formBuilder.group({
    fileUploader: [
      '',
      Validators.compose([
        FileValidator.maxContentSize(this.maxFileSize),
        Validators.maxLength(512),
        Validators.minLength(2)
      ])
    ]
})

contact.component.ts (file uploader part)

import { AngularFirestore } from '@angular/fire/firestore';
import {
  AngularFireStorage,
  AngularFireStorageReference,
  AngularFireUploadTask
} from '@angular/fire/storage';
import { catchError, finalize } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { throwError } from 'rxjs';

public downloadURL: string[] = [];
/**
* @description Upload additional files to Cloud Firestore and get URL to the files.
   * @param {event} - object of sent files.
   * @returns {void}
   */
  public uploadFile(event: any): void {
    // Iterate through all uploaded files.
    for (let i = 0; i < event.target.files.length; i++) {
      const randomId = Math.random()
        .toString(36)
        .substring(2); // Create random ID, so the same file names can be uploaded to Cloud Firestore.

      const file = event.target.files[i]; // Get each uploaded file.

      // Get file reference.
      const fileRef: AngularFireStorageReference = this.angularFireStorage.ref(
        randomId
      );

      // Create upload task.
      const task: AngularFireUploadTask = this.angularFireStorage.upload(
        randomId,
        file
      );

      // Upload file to Cloud Firestore.
      task
        .snapshotChanges()
        .pipe(
          finalize(() => {
            fileRef.getDownloadURL().subscribe((downloadURL: string) => {
              this.angularFirestore
                .collection(process.env.FIRESTORE_COLLECTION_FILES!) // Non-null assertion operator is required to let know the compiler that this value is not empty and exists.
                .add({ downloadURL: downloadURL });
              this.downloadURL.push(downloadURL);
            });
          }),
          catchError((error: any) => {
            return throwError(error);
          })
        )
        .subscribe();
    }
  }

storage.rules

rules_version = '2';
service firebase.storage {
  match /b/{bucket}/o {
    match /{allPaths=**} {
        allow read; // Required in order to send this as attachment.
      // Allow write files Firebase Storage, only if:
      // 1) File is no more than 20MB
      // 2) Content type is in one of the following formats: .doc, .docx, .jpg, .jpeg, .pdf, .png, .xls, .xlsx.
      allow write: if request.resource.size <= 20 * 1024 * 1024
        && (request.resource.contentType.matches('application/msword')
        || request.resource.contentType.matches('application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document')
        || request.resource.contentType.matches('image/jpg')
        || request.resource.contentType.matches('image/jpeg')
        || request.resource.contentType.matches('application/pdf')
                || request.resource.contentType.matches('image/png')
        || request.resource.contentType.matches('application/vnd.ms-excel')
        || request.resource.contentType.matches('application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet'))
    }
  }
}

Try this

Install

npm install primeng --save

Import

import {FileUploadModule} from 'primeng/primeng';

Html

<p-fileUpload name="myfile[]" url="./upload.php" multiple="multiple"
    accept="image/*" auto="auto"></p-fileUpload>

Complete example of File upload using Angular and nodejs(express)

HTML Code

            <div class="form-group">
                <label for="file">Choose File</label><br/>
                <input type="file" id="file" (change)="uploadFile($event.target.files)" multiple>
            </div>

TS Component Code

uploadFile(files) {
    console.log('files', files)
        var formData = new FormData();

    for(let i =0; i < files.length; i++){
      formData.append("files", files[i], files[i]['name']);
        }

    this.httpService.httpPost('/fileUpload', formData)
      .subscribe((response) => {
        console.log('response', response)
      },
        (error) => {
      console.log('error in fileupload', error)
       })
  }

Node Js code

fileUpload API controller

function start(req, res) {
fileUploadService.fileUpload(req, res)
    .then(fileUploadServiceResponse => {
        res.status(200).send(fileUploadServiceResponse)
    })
    .catch(error => {
        res.status(400).send(error)
    })
}

module.exports.start = start

Upload service using multer

const multer = require('multer') // import library
const moment = require('moment')
const q = require('q')
const _ = require('underscore')
const fs = require('fs')
const dir = './public'

/** Store file on local folder */
let storage = multer.diskStorage({
destination: function (req, file, cb) {
    cb(null, 'public')
},
filename: function (req, file, cb) {
    let date = moment(moment.now()).format('YYYYMMDDHHMMSS')
    cb(null, date + '_' + file.originalname.replace(/-/g, '_').replace(/ /g,     '_'))
}
})

/** Upload files  */
let upload = multer({ storage: storage }).array('files')

/** Exports fileUpload function */
module.exports = {
fileUpload: function (req, res) {
    let deferred = q.defer()

    /** Create dir if not exist */
    if (!fs.existsSync(dir)) {
        fs.mkdirSync(dir)
        console.log(`\n\n ${dir} dose not exist, hence created \n\n`)
    }

    upload(req, res, function (err) {
        if (req && (_.isEmpty(req.files))) {
            deferred.resolve({ status: 200, message: 'File not attached', data: [] })
        } else {
            if (err) {
                deferred.reject({ status: 400, message: 'error', data: err })
            } else {
                deferred.resolve({
                    status: 200,
                    message: 'File attached',
                    filename: _.pluck(req.files,
                        'filename'),
                    data: req.files
                })
            }
        }
    })
    return deferred.promise
}
}

  1. HTML
    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="file">Choose File</label><br /> <input type="file" id="file" (change)="uploadFiles($event.target.files)">
    </div>

    <button type="button" (click)="RequestUpload()">Ok</button>

  1. ts File
public formData = new FormData();
ReqJson: any = {};

uploadFiles( file ) {
        console.log( 'file', file )
        for ( let i = 0; i < file.length; i++ ) {
            this.formData.append( "file", file[i], file[i]['name'] );
        }
    }

RequestUpload() {
        this.ReqJson["patientId"] = "12"
        this.ReqJson["requesterName"] = "test1"
        this.ReqJson["requestDate"] = "1/1/2019"
        this.ReqJson["location"] = "INDIA"
        this.formData.append( 'Info', JSON.stringify( this.ReqJson ) )
            this.http.post( '/Request', this.formData )
                .subscribe(( ) => {                 
                });     
    }
  1. Backend Spring(java file)
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;

@Controller
public class Request {
    private static String UPLOADED_FOLDER = "c://temp//";

    @PostMapping("/Request")
    @ResponseBody
    public String uploadFile(@RequestParam("file") MultipartFile file, @RequestParam("Info") String Info) {
        System.out.println("Json is" + Info);
        if (file.isEmpty()) {
            return "No file attached";
        }
        try {
            // Get the file and save it somewhere
            byte[] bytes = file.getBytes();
            Path path = Paths.get(UPLOADED_FOLDER + file.getOriginalFilename());
            Files.write(path, bytes);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return "Succuss";
    }
}

We have to create a folder "temp" in C drive, then this code will print the Json in console and save the uploaded file in the created folder


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