How to mount from command line like the Nautilus does?

On my Ubuntu linux box I can easily mount USB connected drives or CDROM clicking on devices icons that I can found on the Desktop.

For example if I click on a USB connected drive icon the following things happen:

  • a /media/LABEL directory is automatically created (where LABEL is the label of the disk and may vary from disk to disk)
  • the filesystem on the device is mounted on /media/LABEL

This process is significantly different from mounting using the mount command. In particular:

  • you don't need to be root (or you don't need to modify /etc/fstab to allow ordinary user to mount the device)
  • the /media/LABEL directory is automatically created
  • the name of the directory changes according the volume label.

There is a command line command that behaves like the Gnome GUI mounting facilities does?

Answers


See the pmount command for usage information


i guess what you are looking for is "gfvs-mount" (it recently replaced the "gnome-mount" most people talk about; both gnome-mount and pmount rely on HAL which is being phased out).

there's no man page so just type "gvfs-mount --help" for the details, or read here: How to mount filesystems from the command line in Ubuntu 10.04 and 10.10; basic usage is as simple as it may get:

"gvfs-mount --list" to get a list of mounted/mountable volumes;

"gvfs-mount [-u] " to [un]mount it, e.g. "gvfs-mount smb://server/share" or "gvfs-mount WINDOWS".

sadly, there seems to be a bug that results in a "Error mounting location: volume doesn't implement mount" message trying to mount by volume name, but "gvfs-mount -d /dev/" should work.

on my ubuntu 10.04 i can mount smb shares like that but not the windows partitions -- but it might be me doing it wrong, my need was mounting smb shares and didn't bother to research the issue with the ntfs partitions.


On modern distributions HAL is no longer used, pmount still exists but it deprecated.... use:

udisks --mount /dev/sdXN

Yes there is. It's called ivman and handles all HAL events. I start it when running ion3. I simply start ivman as a daemon process, but has added the program to my sudoers file:

cat /etc/sudoers
[...]
ivman {hostname}=(root) NOPASSWD: /sbin/init, /usr/sbin/hibernate
[...]

so that it can manage power settings as well.


I don't believe Gnome itself handles the mounting—it's HAL. So if HAL is running, you should be able to automount. I assume that pmount talks to HAL somehow, and that would be the way to handle unmounting. I hope this gets you started, at least.


You can also use gnome-mount for mounting / unmounting from the command line.


I plug in my USB device, type "gnome-volume-manager" and this seems to do what you require.


That would be "devkit-disks --mount /dev/sdxx" where xx is the letter and number of the partition to mount...


I have a script to do what you want.

#!/bin/bash
#====================================================================
# udmount.sh - mounts partitons by volume label.
#  usage: udmount.sh <label> [rw|ro|u]
#   rw - mount read-only (default) 
#   rw - mount read-write 
#   u  - unmount
# 
# Mounts on /media/<label>. Tested on Mint 13 and Fedora 19.
# Use and/or modify at your own risk. Your mileage may vary.
# Caveats:
#   * No spaces in volume label. Won't work.
#   * If the mount point (/media/<label>) already exists,
#     (usually from an unclean shutdown), udmount will mount
#     the volume on /media/<label>_  
#
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You can view the GNU General Public License for this program at
# http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.txt
# Copyright 2013 maxdev137@sbcglobal.net
#====================================================================

BEEP=$'\a'
VLABEL="$1"     # volume label
MPOINT="/media" # default mount point for gnome-mount/udisks
YN=""           # yes/no string

c_red() { echo -n $(tput setaf 1)$1$(tput sgr0) ; }
c_grn() { echo -n $(tput setaf 2)$1$(tput sgr0) ; }
c_yel() { echo -n $(tput setaf 3)$1$(tput sgr0) ; }
c_blu() { echo -n $(tput setaf 4)$1$(tput sgr0) ; }
c_pur() { echo -n $(tput setaf 5)$1$(tput sgr0) ; }
c_aqu() { echo -n $(tput setaf 6)$1$(tput sgr0) ; }
c_wht() { echo -n $(tput setaf 7)$1$(tput sgr0) ; }

Y="YEP " ; Y_c=$(c_grn "$Y")
N="NOPE" ; N_c=$(c_red "$N")
SNAME=`echo "$0" | sed -e 's|.*/\(.*\)$|\1|'`

#--------------------------------------------------
AMV_LABEL=""    # already mounted volume label
MMSG=""         # "is mounted on" msg
AMF=0           # already mounted flag
AMV=""          # already mounted volume (from "mount -l")
AMV_DETAILS=""  # already mounted volume details
AMV_HELPER=""   # "uhelper" subsystem for mount/unmount ("hal" or "udisks")
COPT="$2"       # command line option
MOPT="ro"       # user input for mount option
UOPT="ro"       # udisk mount options

#--------------------------------------------------
_usage ()      { echo "usage: $SNAME LABEL [rw|ro|u]" ; }
_error()       { echo "!!! Error: $1. !!!" >&2 ; echo -n "$BEEP"; _usage ; exit 1 ; }
_error_parm()  { _error "$2 Parameter Missing [$1]" ; }
_error_parm2() { _error "Command is wrong (only \"rw, ro, or u\") is alowed, not \"$1\"" ; }

_unmount () {
  ### unmount ###
  if [ "$COPT" = "u" ] ; then
    MPOINT=`echo "$AMV" | grep "\[$VLABEL\]" |sed -e 's|^.* \(/.*\) type.*$|\1|'`
    #echo "unmount MPOINT = [$MPOINT]"
    if [ -z "$MPOINT" ] ; then
      echo "$N_c - $VLABEL not mounted."
    else
      _MSG=`umount "$MPOINT" 2>&1`
      _STATUS=$?
      if [ "$_STATUS" -eq 0 ] ; then
        echo "$Y_c - \"$MPOINT\" is now unmounted"
      else echo "$N_c - unmount \"$MPOINT\" failed ($_MSG)"
      fi
    fi
  fi
}

#--------------------------------------------------
[ -n "$VLABEL" ]  || _error_parm "$VLABEL" "Volume Label"

### command line option checck
case "$COPT" in
  "ro" ) ;;
  "rw" ) ;;
  "u"  ) ;;
     * ) _error_parm2 "$COPT" ;;
esac

### is VLABEL already mounted?
AMV=$(mount -l | grep "\[$VLABEL\]")
AMF=$?

### VLABEL is mounted somewhere
if  [ $AMF -eq 0 ] ; then
  AMV_LABEL=$(echo "$AMV" | sed 's/^.* \[\(.*\)\]$/\1/')
  AMV_DETAILS=$(echo $AMV | sed 's|^.*on \(.*\) \[.*$|on \"\1\"|')
  AMV_UHELPER=$(echo $AMV | grep uhelper | sed 's/^.*uhelper=\(.*\)).*$/\1/')
  #echo "AMV = [$AMV]"
  #echo "AMV_LABEL = [$AMV_LABEL]"
  #echo "AMV_DETAILS = [$AMV_DETAILS]"
  #echo "AMV_UHELPER = [$AMV_UHELPER]"

  ### unmount ###
  [ "$COPT" = "u" ] && _unmount && exit $?

  ### mounted on MPOINT (usually /media)
  if [ -d "$MPOINT/$VLABEL" ] ; then
    MOPT="ro" ; YN="$N_c"
    [ -w "$MPOINT/$VLABEL" ] && MOPT="rw"
    [ "$MOPT" = "$COPT" ]     && YN="$Y_c"
  ### mounted somewhere else
  else
    MOPT=$(echo "$AMV_DETAILS" | sed 's/^.*(\(.*\)).*$/\1/')
  fi
  echo "$N_c - $VLABEL is already mounted \"$MOPT\" $AMV_DETAILS"

### $VLABEL is not mounted anywhere, decide on "rw" or "ro"
else
  if [ "$COPT" = "u" ] ; then
    echo "$N_c - \"$VLABEL\" is not mounted"
  else
    MOPT="ro"
    [ "$COPT" = "rw" ] && MOPT="rw"
    echo "udisks --mount /dev/disk/by-label/$VLABEL $UOPT"
    udisks --mount /dev/disk/by-label/"$VLABEL" --mount-options "$MOPT"
    _STATUS=$?
    [ $_STATUS -eq 0 ] && echo "$Y_c - $MPOINT/$VLABEL mounted ($MOPT)"
    [ $_STATUS -ne 0 ] && echo "$N_c - \"$VLABEL\""
  fi
fi
#====================================================================

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